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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Hampshire, (search)
nties. Population, 1890, 376,530; 1900, 411,588. Capital, Concord. New Hampshire formed a part of the grant to the colonies of Virginia and Plymouth, extending from lat. 34° to lat. 45° N.......April 10, 1606 Capt. John Smith, ranging the shore of New England, explores the harbor of Piscataqua......1614 Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. John Mason, members of the Plymouth council, obtain a joint grant of the province of Laconia, comprising all the land between the Merrimac River, the Great Lakes, and river of Canada......Aug. 10, 1622 Gorges and Mason establish a settlement at the mouth of the Piscataqua, calling the place Little Harbor, and another settlement, 8 miles farther up the river, Dover......1623 Mason, having agreed with Gorges to make the Piscataqua the divisional line, takes from the Plymouth council a patent of that portion lying between that river and the Merrimac, and calls it New Hampshire......Nov. 7, 1629 Company of Laconia dividing their interests, Ma
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washington, treaty of (search)
may be conveyed in transit without payment of duties, from the United States, through said possessions to other places in the United States, or for export from ports in the said possessions. Art. 30. It is agreed that for the term of years mentioned in Art. 33 of this treaty, subjects of her Britannic Majesty may carry in British vessels, without payment of duties, goods, wares, or merchandise, from one port or place within the territory of the United States, upon the St. Lawrence, the Great Lakes, and the rivers connecting the same, to another port or place, within the territory of the United States as aforesaid: Provided that a portion of such transportation is made through the Dominion of Canada by land-carriage and in bond, under such rules and regulations as may be agreed upon between the government of her Britannic Majesty and the government of the United States. Citizens of the United States may for the like period carry in United States vessels, without payment of duty, go
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Western lands. (search)
ut, Virginia, and the Carolinas extended, under their charters, to the Pacific Ocean, or to the Mississippi River since that had been established (1763) as the western boundary of British possessions in America. Georgia also claimed jurisdiction to the Mississippi; so, also, did New York, under color of certain alleged acknowledgments of her jurisdiction made during colonial times by the Six Nations, the conquerors, it was pretended, of the whole Western country between and including the Great Lakes and the Cumberland Mountains below the Ohio River. These were claimant States. As all that vast territory was to be wrested from Great Britain by joint efforts, it was claimed that it ought to be joint property. The claimant States expected great revenues from these Western lands that would pay their debts, and they strenuously adhered to their rights: while the landless, or non-claimant, States, regarded with jealousy the prospect of the overflowing treasuries of their neighbors. The
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wilde, George Francis Faxon 1845- (search)
45; graduated at the United States Naval Academy in 1864; was promoted commander in 1885 and captain in 1898. In the American-Spanish War he commanded the ram Katahdin in Cuban waters; afterwards was assigned to command the cruiser Boston; landed the first marines ever disembarked in China and forwarded them to Peking, where they guarded the American legation from November, 1898, till April, 1899; was ordered to the Philippines, where he captured the city of Iloilo, Feb. 11, 1899, and Vigan, Feb. 18, 1900; and commanded the battle-ship Oregon from May 29, 1899, till Jan. 16, 1901. He introduced gas buoys on the Great Lakes, the telephone to light vessels from shore, and the electric light vessel off Diamond Shoal, Cape Hatteras. While hastening the Oregon from Manila to Chinese waters during the Boxer troubles his vessel struck an uncharted ledge in the Gulf of Pechili, and was considerably injured; but he worked her off the rock and took her to a Japanese port 765 miles distant.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wrecks. (search)
in Manila Bay, Philippine Islands, Spanish loss about 600 killed or wounded......May 1, 1898 Steamer Chilkat cast away off Eureka Harbor, Cal., ten lives lost......April 4, 1899 United States cruiser Yosemite wrecked off the island of Guam......Nov. 13, 1900 Pacific mail steamship City of Rio Janeiro wrecked off Fort Point, Cal.......Feb. 23, 1901 Steamer Walla Walla sunk in collision with an unknown French ship off Cape Mendocino; twenty-seven lives lost......Jan. 2, 1902 Great Lakes. Steamboat Washington takes fire on Lake Erie, near Silver Creek; forty to fifty lives lost......June 16, 1838 Steamboat Erie burned on Lake Erie about 33 miles from Buffalo; about 170 lives lost......Aug. 9, 1841 Steamer Phoenix burned on Lake Michigan, 15 miles off Sheboygan; about 240 lives lost, mostly emigrants from Holland......Nov. 21, 1847 Steamer Anthony Wayne, from Sandusky to Buffalo on Lake Erie, explodes her boiler and sinks; thirty-eight killed or missing......A
209, 213, 216, 263. Graham, Mason, I, 90. Graham, Richard, I, 140, 145. Graham, Wm., I, 27, 50. Grant, Lewis A., II, 100. Grant, Ulysses S., I, 196, 245, 246, 248, 257, 260, 381; II, 137, 162, 163, 168, 175-178, 181-192, 195-198, 200-206, 208, 211-214, 216-218, 220-224, 226-228, 233-239, 241-242, 244-248, 251-253, 255-258, 260-263, 265, 271, 273, 275-277, 279, 285, 288, 291, 296-299, 307, 317, 319, 323, 340-345. Grant, Mrs. Ulysses S., II, 266. Gratz, Mr., II, 276. Great Lakes Survey, I, 207-216. Greeley, Horace, I, 266; II, 162, 187, 215, 216. Greene, George S., II, 91, 92, 94, 101, 359. Gregg, David McM., II, 8, 15, 25, 60, 65, 71, 90, 94, 95, 100, 109, 126, 130, 288, 370, 383. Gregg, M., I, 291, 294. Griffin, Mrs., I, 364. Griffin, Charles, I, 235, 280, 364, 368, 372; II, 231, 268, 281. Grout, W. W., II, 350, 351. Grover, C., I, 286, 289, 293, 315. Gunnell, I, 234. Gurowsky, II, 188. H Hall, Frederick, I, 10. Hall, Jame
nce and other wine-producing countries, the old plan of treading out the grapes is still employed. This is performed by men who dance to the sound of music, and is preferred on account of there being no liability to crush the seeds and stalks of the bunches, which would impair the delicacy of the flavor. Grape culture, for wine-making purposes, was, in this country, long almost exclusively confined to the banks of the Ohio, but is now practiced in localities, such as the shores of the Great Lakes, where it was formerly thought impracticable. Increased care and skill have developed varieties which may be relied on almost as a sure crop in many parts of the great central belt of the United States. California, however, appears destined to be the great wine-producing region of the future; the absence of frosts, and of excessive moisture at any time, giving it advantages not possessed elsewhere. The gathering of the grapes in the Buena Vista Vineyard, California, is done in October
hat this combination of the whole of the numerous and widely-dispersed tribes of the Sioux (or Dakota) nation, who occupy the vast region north of the Platte, and the northern boundaries of Iowa, from the Rocky mountains to the vicinity of the Great Lakes, would be the final effort of the great Indian nation to continue hostilities against the whites, and as I felt sure that if once their entire force of warriors could be met and defeated this Indian war in the North-west on any considerable sce, one vein six feet thick. This coal-field extends toward the south-west, and it is supposed outcrops on the slopes of the Black Hills. How far north it extends is not yet known. The existence of this great coal-field, half-way between the Great Lakes and the Rocky Mountains, is a fact, the value of which cannot well be overestimated. Aside from furnishing fuel for the navigation of the Upper Missouri river, it is a controlling element in the location of a railroad across the great plains
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 25: epoch of public corruption (search)
st prosperity; that the Reciprocity Treaty, which had lately expired, could not be re-enacted; that while it had carried the colonies prosperously along for ten years, it had aroused their hostility instead of conciliating them, and had been followed by an armed federation against us. Later he showed that an honorable union with us would settle the fisheries and fur-seal questions; abolish the custom-houses; extend the area of free-trade; insure free navigation of the St. Lawrence.and the Great Lakes; enable the government to enforce the exclusion act, to protect our land and water transportation interests, to perfect the national defence, and to realize by peaceable and inexpensive means all the advantages of that continental republic which both nature and political expediency seem to have favored from the first. Throughout life Dana remained the champion of that great idea. He opened his newspaper for its discussion when ever occasion offered. Philosopher, historian, and state
Wendell Phillips, Theodore C. Pease, Speeches, Lectures and Letters of Wendell Phillips: Volume 1, chapter 19 (search)
south of Mason and Dixon's line, so our traders sell there only about one dollar in five. Such trade, if cut off, would ruin nobody. In fact, the South buys little of us, and pays only for about half she buys. [Laughter and hisses.] Now we build Southern roads, pay Southern patrol, carry Southern letters, support, out of the nation's treasures, an army of Southern office-holders, waste more money at Norfolk in building ships which will not float, than is spent in protecting the five Great Lakes, which bear up millions of commerce. These vast pensions come back to us in shape of Southern traders, paying on the average one half their debts. Dissolve the Union, and we shall save this outgo, and probably not sell without a prospect of being paid. While the laws of trade guarantee that even if there be two nations, we shall have their carrying-trade and manufacture for them just so long as we carry and manufacture cheaper than other men. Southern trade is a lottery, to which th
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