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Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, General Halleck in command-commanding the district of Cairo-movement on Fort Henry- capture of Fort Henry (search)
commanding the district of Cairo-movement on Fort Henry- capture of Fort Henry While at Cairo I hon the Tennessee were called Fort Heiman and Fort Henry, and that on the Cumberland was Fort Donelsoportant for us to possess ourselves of. With Fort Henry in our hands we had a navigable stream open f use to them for through traffic the moment Fort Henry became ours. Fort Donelson was the gate to prevent the sending of troops from Columbus, Fort Henry or Donelson to Buckner. I at once ordered G of the Tennessee to threaten forts Heiman and Henry; McClernand at the same time with a force of 6of our gunboats, would insure the capture of Fort Henry. This report of Smith's confirmed views I hall the troops would be up by that time. Fort Henry occupies a bend in the river which gave the ly commanding Fort Henry. The distance from Fort Henry to Donelson is but eleven miles. The two posuarters, but the troops which were to invest Fort Henry were delayed for want of roads, as well as b[6 more...]
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Investment of Fort Donelson-the naval operations-attack of the enemy-assaulting the works-surrender of the Fort (search)
d the department commander of our success at Fort Henry and that on the 8th I would take Fort Donelse. On the 7th, the day after the fall of Fort Henry, I took my staff and the cavalry — a part oy; but on the 10th he directed me to fortify Fort Henry strongly, particularly to the land side, saynd go under their convoy. I started from Fort Henry with 15,000 men, including eight batteries ae a portion of his division behind to guard forts Henry and Heiman. He left General Lew. Wallace wre at the same time. In the march over from Fort Henry numbers of the men had thrown away their blaooms. On the return of Captain Phelps to Fort Henry on the 10th, I had requested him to take thended. Wallace, whom I had ordered over from Fort Henry, also arrived about the same time. Up to thl L. Wallace and 2,500 men brought over from Fort Henry belonging to the division of C. F. Smith. Td been sent to Nashville while we were about Fort Henry; that Floyd and Pillow had left during the n
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Promoted Major-General of Volunteers-Unoccupied territory-advance upon Nashville-situation of the troops-confederate retreat- relieved of the command-restored to the command-general Smith (search)
e time designated and found the place evacuated. The capture of forts Henry and Donelson had broken the line the enemy had taken from Columbouted him, inflicting a loss of some 300 killed and wounded, and forts Henry and Heiman fell into the hands of the National forces, with theilleck. The order of the 10th of February directing me to fortify Fort Henry strongly, particularly to the land side, and saying that intrencarch I received orders dated March 1st to move my command back to Fort Henry, leaving only a small garrison at Donelson. From Fort Henry expeFort Henry expeditions were to be sent against Eastport, Mississippi, and Paris, Tennessee [also Corinth, Mississippi; Jackson, Tennessee; and Humboldt, Tenn following dispatch from General Halleck: Maj.-Gen. U. S. Grant, Fort Henry: You will place Maj-Gen. C. F. Smith in command of expedition, and remain yourself at Fort Henry. Why do you not obey my orders to report strength and positions of your command? H. W. Halleck, Major-
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, The Army at Pittsburg landing-injured by a fall --the Confederate attack at Shiloh-the first day's fight at Shiloh-General Sherman-condition of the Army-close of the first day's fight --the second day's fight-retreat and defeat of the Confederates (search)
Shiloh. It stood on the ridge which divides the waters of Snake and Lick creeks, the former emptying into the Tennessee just north of Pittsburg landing, and the latter south. This point was the key to our position and was held by Sherman. His division was at that time wholly raw, no part of it ever having been in an engagement; but I thought this deficiency was more than made up by the superiority of the commander. McClernand was on Sherman's left, with troops that had been engaged at forts Henry and Donelson and were therefore veterans so far as western troops had become such at that stage of the war. Next to McClernand came Prentiss with a raw division, and on the extreme left [General David] Stuart with one brigade of Sherman's division. Hurlbut was in rear of Prentiss, massed, and in reserve at the time of the onset. The division of General C. F. Smith was on the right, also in reserve. General Smith was still sick in bed at Savannah, but within hearing of our guns. His se
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Halleck Assumes Command in the Field-The Advance upon Corinth-Occupation of Corinth- The Army Separated (search)
eized it immediately after the fall of Donelson and Nashville, when it could have been taken without a battle, but failing then it should have been taken, without delay, on the concentration of troops at Pittsburg landing after the battle of Shiloh. In fact the arrival of Pope should not have been awaited. There was no time from the battle of Shiloh up to the evacuation of Corinth when the enemy would not have left if pushed. The demoralization among the Confederates from their defeats at Henry and Donelson; their long marches from Bowling Green, Columbus, and Nashville, and their failure at Shiloh; in fact from having been driven out of Kentucky and Tennessee, was so great that a stand for the time would have been impossible. Beauregard made strenuous efforts to reinforce himself and partially succeeded. He appealed to the people of the Southwest for new regiments, and received a few. A. S. Johnston had made efforts to reinforce in the same quarter, before the battle of Shiloh,