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Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques, and Discoveries of the English Nation, The second voyage to Guinea set out by Sir George Barne, Sir John Yorke, Thomas Lok, Anthonie Hickman and Edward Castelin, in the yere 1554. The Captaine whereof was M. John Lok. (search)
re also of three kinds, as of the Marshes, the plaines, and the mountaines, no lesse differing in conditions. Philostratus writeth, that as much as the Elephant of Libya in bignes passeth the horse of Nysea, so much doe the Elephants of India exceed them of Libya : for the Elephants of India, some have bene seene of the height of nine cubits: the other do so greatly feare these, that they dare not abide the sight of them. Of the Indian Elephants onely the males have tuskes, but of them of Ethiopia and Libya both kindes are tusked: they are of divers heights, as of twelve, thirteene, and fourteene dodrants, every dodrant being a measure of nine inches. Some write that an Elephant is bigger then three wilde Oxen or Buffes. They of India are black, or of ye colour of a mouse, but they of Ethiope or Guinea are browne: the hide or skinne of them all is very hard, and without haire or bristles: their cares are two dodrants broad, and their eyes very little. Our men saw one drinking at
Henry Morton Stanley, Dorothy Stanley, The Autobiography of Sir Henry Morton Stanley, part 2.13, chapter 2.15 (search)
work, though now and then foolishly impulsive, I have been able to save three thousand dollars, that is, six hundred pounds. Hearing of the British expedition to Abyssinia, and as the Indian troubles have ceased, I ventured at the beginning of December last to throw up my engagement with the Democrat, proceeded to Cincinnati and Chbefore? Oh, yes. I have travelled in the East, and been to Europe several times. Well, how would you like to do this on trial? Pay your own expenses to Abyssinia, and if your letters are up to the standard, and your intelligence is early and exclusive, you shall be well paid by the letter, or at the rate by which we engaghalf of Stanley's book, Coomassie and Magdala. The campaign has become a chapter of history; the detention of Consul Cameron by the tyrannical King Theodore, of Abyssinia, continued for years; the imprisonment and abuse of other officers and missionaries, to the number of sixty; the fruitless negotiations for their release; the de
Henry Morton Stanley, Dorothy Stanley, The Autobiography of Sir Henry Morton Stanley, part 2.13, chapter 2.18 (search)
miles from here, and marched back again, being obliged to bury or destroy his cannon, and hurriedly retreat to the Cape Coast. Stanley gave permanent form to his record in the first half of his book, Coomassie and Magdala (1874). This campaign on the West Coast, under Sir Garnet Wolseley, was like, and yet unlike, the Abyssinian expedition on the East Coast, under Sir Robert Napier. The march inland was only one hundred and forty miles, but, instead of the grand and lofty mountains of Abyssinia, the British soldiers and sailors had to cut their way through unbroken jungle. Stanley's book is the spirited story of a well-conducted expedition, told with a firm grasp of the historical and political situation, with graphic sketches of the English officers, some of an heroic type, and with descriptions of a repulsive type of savagery. Writing of the march, Stanley says:-- What languishing heaviness of soul fills a man, as he, a mere mite in comparison, travels through the lofty
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stanley, Henry Morton (search)
nry Morton Stanley. beginning of the Civil War, he was made prisoner, and entered the United States navy as a volunteer. After the war he travelled in Turkey and Asia Minor, and visited Wales. At the poor-house of St. Asaph he gave a dinner to the children, and told them that what success he had attained in life he owed to the education received there. Returning to the United States, he was engaged in 1868, by the proprietor of the New York Herald to accompany the British expedition to Abyssinia, as correspondent. In the fall of 1869 he was commissioned by the proprietor of the Herald to find Dr. Livingstone. After visiting several countries in the East, he sailed from Bombay (Oct. 12, 1870) for Zanzibar, where he arrived early in January, 1871, and set out for the interior of Africa (March 21), with 192 followers. He found Livingstone (Nov. 10), and reported to the British Association Aug. 16, 1872, and in 1873 he received the patron's medal of the Royal Geographical Society.
picking out faulty berries. In some establishments the beans are cured by a blast of warm dry air introduced into a chamber beneath the berries. Cof′fee-mill. A small hand-mill in which roasted coffee-berries are ground by passing between the serrated surfaces of opposed steel disks or rollers, or roller and concave, as the case may be. Coffee is the berry of the Coffea Arabica, a shrub of the order rubiaccoe, and its fruit resembles the cherry. Bruce says that it is native in Abyssinia. The use of the infusion as a beverage cannot be traced back very far. It was carried by Selim from Egypt to Constantinople, but does not appear to have been publicly sold till 1554. Its use was forbidden by the mufti, but again permitted by an edict of Solyman the Great. The Venetians brought it from the Levant in 1615, and in 1645 it was introduced into Marseilles. Coffee was introduced into England by Daniel Edwards, a Turkey merchant, in 1657. The first coffee-house in England w
nsiderable elevations above the sea, where the thermometer never ranges very high. At least one natural ice-house has been discovered on Mount Etna, where a vast deposit of snow, covered by a mass of ashes and lava, has been preserved for untold ages. The highest natural temperature authentically recorded was at Bagdad, in 1819, when the themometer in the shade indicated 120° Fah. On the west coast of Africa the heat is nearly as great. The men employed in the English expedition to Abyssinia think that Aden is the hottest hole on earth. Burckhardt, in Egypt, and Humboldt, in South America, observed 117° Fah. in the shade. About—70° is the lowest temperature observed by our Arctic navigators. Natterer, a German chemist, obtained—220° Fah. Faraday obtained—166° Fah. Neither succeeded in freezing pure alcohol or ether. Fig. 2642 is a sectional view of an ice-house for brewers and butchers. It has an ice-chamber B and cooling-vault A, provided with one or more venti
t is not probable any great proportion of the inhabitants of any country will make special provision for avoiding the danger. Professor Arago classed several well-known sites according to the frequency of their storms, from the best information he could obtain. His list begins as follows: — Days of Thunder per Year. 1. Calcutta averages60 2. Patna (India) supposed to average53 3. Rio Janeiro averages50.6 4. Maryland (U. S.) supposed to average41 5. Martinique averages39 6. Abyssinia supposed to average38 7. Guadaloupe averages37 8. Viviers (France) averages24.7 9. Quebec averages23.3 10. Buenos Ayres averages22.5 11. Denainvilliers (France) averages20.6 The lowest average he gives is that of Cairo in Egypt, three days of thunder per annum. That of Paris and most of the European cities is about fifteen days. He estimates the days of thunder at New York to be about the same. Lightning rods, points, and Attachements. Fig. 2954 exhibits some of the num
quity are buried beneath the surface, and some of the ancient buildings yet remaining, which were originally placed outside of the cultivatable land, are now surrounded by arable tracts. The cause of the inundation is the water that falls in Abyssinia in the rainy season. Homer and the Koran are right in ascribing it to water sent by God from heaven. Calisthenes, the pupil of Aristotle, and afterward Agatharcides of Cnidus (2d century B. C.), and Strabo, ascribed it to the same true soururing low water the rate of flow is from 1 1/3 to 2 knots per hour. The immediate banks of the river are seldom covered, and serve as highways. The general breadth of the river is about 1/3 of a mile. It receives no tributaries after leaving Abyssinia, and consequently does not increase in size. A low Nile causes famine. We read of such in Genesis; one A. D. 1200, cited in Abdollatiph's History of Egypt; two in 1784 – 85, mentioned by Volney. The latter was very destructive, and was cau
wsprit rests. 3. (Fabric.) A kind of fustian having a fourleaved twill. 4. A cushion for the head. The ancient Egyptians used a head-rest for a pillow (b), very similar to that now used in China and called a head-stool, or rather by its equivalent in Chinese. It looks uncomfortable, but no doubt was preferred to our kind of pillow in a hot climate. These Egyptian head-rests are mentioned by Porphyry. They were made of wood or alabaster. They are still used in China, Japan, Abyssinia, Ashantee, and Otaheite. Wood, stone, and earthen ware are the modern as they were the ancient materials. They are from 4 1/2 to 10 inches high. Many of them are preserved in the British Museum. One of wood, 6 1/4 inches high, and inscribed with the name and titles of Mas-khar-hao. Another of arragonite, 6 7/8 inches high, with a fluted column, and the name and titles of Atai in front. Others might be cited. It appears to have been a regular piece of household furniture. The E
early part of the late war, but most, if not all, of the material was subsequently turned into store. Rockets are, in fact, not adapted for use in a wooded country, not being susceptible of great accuracy of aim; and being diverted from their course by the slightest obstacle, they produce but little effect on disciplined troops, and are only available for firing buildings or frightening cavalry horses. They were, however, used by the English forces in the war against Theodore, king of Abyssinia, — a lineal descendant, according to the tradition of his country, of the Queen of Sheba. War-rockets are fired from a trough or tube, which has usually a stop near the muzzle end to detain the rocket until sufficient propulsive power is developed to insure its starting in the proper direction. The tube is sometimes mounted on a tripod-stand and pivoted, so that the required direction and elevation may be given; or it is mounted on a carriage after the manner of a field-piece, in whi
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