century B.C., by Battus, otherwise
called Aristotle, a Greek from the island of Thera, and attained great
reputation as a centre of trade, and as the birthplace of
Eratosthenes, Aristippus, and Callimachus.
oraclum Iovis: the
Egyptian deity Ammon, or Hammon, originally worshipped in
under the form of a ram, or of a human figure with a ram's
horns, had his most famous temple and oracle in the oasis of
Siwah in the
Libyan desert, 400 miles from Cyrene (Plin.
l.c.). He was identified by the Greeks and
Romans with Zeus and Jupiter; cf.
hoc neque harenosum Libyae Iovis
aestuosi: of glowing
heat, as in
Hor. Carm. 1.22.5
per Syrtes aestuosas
Hor. Carm. 1.31.5