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is a metallic disk with radial slots and corresponding numbers. The strap is so rove through the slots as to give the required indication. Bag′ga-la. (Nautical.) A two-masted Arabian vessel, frequenting the Indian Ocean. A dhow. The capacity is from 200 to 250 tons. Bag′ging. (Fabric.) 1. A coarse fabric made of old ropes, hemp, etc., for covering cotton-bales. 2. The gunny-cloth of India is made from jute. In Bengal, from one or two species of Corchorus; in Bombay and Madras, from the Crotalaria juncea. Bag-hold′er. A contrivance to hold up a bag with the mouth open ready for filling. There are many forms, — some adapted for large grain-bags, others of a smaller size for flour, seeds; still smaller, for ordinary groceries and counter use. a has a platform on which the sack stands, and its weight spreads the horns within and distends the mouth of the sack. b has a holder adjustable as to hight, and a hopper to which the mouth of the bag is atta
hery is cut in steps so as to suit the different degrees of expansion. Ca-ma′ieu. (Fine Arts.) A painting in a single color. A monochrome. Cam-ball valve. A valve actuated by a cam on the axis of a ball-lever, so that, as the float rises in the cistern, the cam shall press against the stem of the valve and close it against its seat, thus shutting off the supply when a given level has been attained in the cistern, tank, or boiler. Cam-bayes′. Cotton cloths made in Bengal, Madras, and other places in India. Cam′ber. 1. A curvature upwards, as a deck amidships, a bridge, a beam, or a lintel. It is given for — a. Conferring stability, as in a bridge, beam, or girder. b. Giving a water-shed, as in a deck or roof. c. Compensating for settling or subsidence, as in the soffits of straight arches. 2. The curve of a ship's plank. Cam′ber-beam. A beam which is laid upon the straining-beam in a truncated roof, and supports the lead or copper cov
f recording magnetic observations, taking a large number in the course of his extensive travels and explorations, and calling the attention of the scientific world to the mode and importance of so doing. Observatories, provided with magnetometers and meteorological instruments, and with apparatus for ascertaining the time and true meridian, are now working in concert in many distant stations: Berlin, Paris, Freiburg, Greenwich, Gottingen, Montreal, Melbourne, Cape Town, St. Helena, Simla, Madras, Bombay, Singapore, and probably many other places. It is understood that the observations are made at the same instant of absolute time. Each day is divided into 12 equal periods of 2 hours each, termed the magnetic hours. The mean time at Gottingen is adopted; a tribute to the energy and skill of M. Gauss of the observatory in that city. Mr. Brooke's system of photographic registry is adopted throughout. Magnet-o-mo′tor. A voltaic series of two or more large plates which pr
d in a state of amalgamation with mercury. Pallam-poor′. A style of East Indian cotton chintz, printed in large-sized pieces and used for counterpanes. The printing is in the resist style, a substance being painted on the cloth having the power of resisting access of the dye to the fabric. With the pallampoor cloth this was softened wax laid on with a hair-pencil. We have no means of ascertaining how long this style of the art has been practiced, but it seems to be as old as Pliny. Madras has long been famous for this manufacture. One piece 5 1/2 yards long by 2 1/2 broad (French yards) is mentioned by Ure: said to be the labour of Hindoo princesses, which it must have taken a lifetime to execute. Pal′let 1. (Machinery.) A click or pawl to which a reciprocating motion is imparted, and by which an intermittent rotary motion is communicated to a wheel, as in many feed motions; or by which the rotary motion of a wheel is made intermittent. 2. (Horology.) In an esca
n18.35 Berlin23.56 Mannheim22.47 Prague14.1 Cracow13.3 Brussels28.06 Paris22.64 Geneva31.07 Milan38.01 Rome30.86 Naples29.64 Marseilles23.4 Lisbon27.1 Coimbra Port118.8 Bordeaux34.00 Algiers36.99 St Petersburg17.3 Simpheropol, Crimea14.83 Kutais (E shore of Black Sea)59.44 Bakou (S of Caspian)13.38 Ekatherinburg, Ural Mts.14.76 Barnaoul, Siberia11.80 Pekin, China26.93 Canton, China69.30 Singapore, Malacca97 Sierra Leone, Africa86.2 Uttray Mullay, India267.2 Madras, India44.6 Calcutta, India76.4 Cherrapoonjee, India592 Khasia, India610 Raised up-on′. (Shipbuilding.) Having the upper works hightened; the opposite of razeed. Rais′er. (Carpentry.) The front of a step. The elevation of a step. A riser. The flat portion of a step is the tread. Rais′ing. 1. (Metal-working.) The process of forming circular work or embossing in sheet-metal by striking up or raising from the interior surface. In the case of circular works, as ca
bay1,8182,060 1870Porthcurno, England, to Lisbon8232,625 1870Lisbon to Gibraltar331535 1870Gibraltar to Malta1,1201,450 1870*Porthcurno to Mid Channel6562 1870Marseilles, France, to Bona, Africa4471,600 1870Bona, Africa, to Malta386650 1870Madras to Penang1,4081,284 1870Penang to Singapore40036 1870Singapore to Batavia55722 1870Malta to Alexandria, Egypt9041,440 1870Batabano, Cuba, to Santiago, Cuba520 1870Jersey to Guernsey1632 1870Guernsey to Alderney1830 1870Santa Maura to Ithace chiefly grown.Qualities, Uses, etc. MallowMalva (numerous)GenerallyThe tribe comprises cotton, etc., and numerous other fiber-giving species. Manila-hempMusa textilisPhilippine Islands.Various textile fabrics. Maroot-fiberSanseviera zeylanicaMadras, etcResembles and is used as a substitute for flax. Marsh-gladdenScirpus lacustrisBritish marshes, etcA sedge. Made into baskets, bee-hives, hassocks, etc. MulberryMorus nigra, etcChina, etcThe Chinese make coarse cloth out of the bark. Mulbe