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For the various accounts of the succession of these nations see Lewis l. c. Virg. identifies the Sicani with the Siculi: others made the Sicani a Hiberian tribe who took refuge in Sicily, where they were living at the time of the immigration of the Siculi from Italy. Rom. has Ausoniae, which was the reading before Heins.
The island intended by Virg. was called Hiera, one of the Aeolian isles between lipara and Sicily (Dict. G. Aeoliae Insulae). Sicanium latus for Sicaniae latus, like Hesperium Siculo latus abacidit 3. 418.
Virg. supposes a submarine connexion between Sicily and Hiera. Forb. condemns this interpretation, without saying why, and prefers to take Aetnaea qualia sunt Aetnae. The difficulty was recognized by Serv., one of whose views is that the noise in Hiera is so great as to be echoed by Aetna.
Olim is rightly connected by Wagn. with what precedes, not with what follows. Undis: Serv. mentions another reading undas, which is the more usual construction in Virg., and might be supported by 5. 689: but it is found only in one or two inferior copies. Comp. 11. 702 note. One ship was lost in the storm off Africa (1. 584), four were burnt in Sicily (5. 699), so that Aeneas must have landed with fifteen, the original number having been twenty (1. 381). Two of these had gone with Aeneas to Pallanteum, 8. 79; thirteen consequently remained.
Spence (Polymetis) finds a difficulty here, as in 11. 35 the Trojan women are mentioned as being in Italy. But Heyne rightly remarks that Virg. cannot have meant the Trojans to have sailed without their wives, but only that the aged women were left in Sicily. Ausa persequitur, a variety for ausa est persequi. Rom. has a matribus.
Comp. 7. 763, 764, which these lines nearly repeat. Matris Gud., Martis Med., Pal., Rom., and one of Ribbeck's cursives. Mars is not known to have been connected with Sicily, and the grove of Mars at Colchis may have been thought of by transcribers. It is still open to question whether Matris means Ceres, who was of course worshipped in Sicily, or some nymph who was mother of Arcens' son. Perhaps the latter is the more probable view. For the river Symaethus see Dict. G. The story of the Palici,Sicily, or some nymph who was mother of Arcens' son. Perhaps the latter is the more probable view. For the river Symaethus see Dict. G. The story of the Palici, who were Sicilian deities, was variously told: see Dict. M. They were mentioned in the *ai)tnai=ai, a lost tragedy of Aesch. A difficulty has been made about the sing., for which Palicum and Palicis have been proposed, while Wagn. at one time suggested that Palici was nom. pl. in apposition to ara: now he quotes Ov. 2 Ex Pont. 10. 25, Hennaeosque lacus et olentia stagna Palici.