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C. Suetonius Tranquillus, Vitellius (ed. Alexander Thomson), chapter 14 (search)
, and Italy also, before the calends [the first] of October, a bill was immediately posted about the city, with the following words :-" TAKE NOTICE:In imitation of the form of the public edicts, which began with the words, BONUM FACTUM. The Chaldaeans also decree that Vitellius Germanicus shall be no more, by the day of the said calends." He was even suspected of being accessary to his mother's death, by forbidding sustenance to be given her when she was unwell; a German witch,Catta muliere: The Catta were a German tribe who inhabited the present countries of Hesse or Baden. Tacitus, De Mor. Germ., informs us that the Germans placed great confidence in the prophetical inspirations which they attributed to their women. whom he held to be oracular, having told him, "That he would long reign in security if he survived his mother." But others say, that being quite weary of the state of affairs, and apprehensive of the future, she obtained without difficulty a dose of poison from her son.
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.), Chapter 3: strategy. (search)
s campaigns, Napoleon never failed to organize them; even in 1797, in his audacious march upon the Noric Alps, he had at first the corps of Joubert on the Adige, afterwards that of Victor, returning from the Roman States to the environs of Verona. In 1805, the corps of Ney and Augerau alternately played this part in Tyrol and in Bavaria, as well as Mortier and Marmont around Vienna. Napoleon, marching to the war of 1806, formed such reserves on the Rhine; Mortier used them for subjecting Hesse. At the same time second reserves were formed at Mayence under Kellerman, and came, as fast as they were formed, to occupy the country between the Rhine and the Elbe, whilst Mortier was called into Pomerania. When Napoleon decided to push upon the Vestula at the end of the same year, he ordered, with a great deal of ostentation, the union of an army of the Elbe; its force was to be sixty thousand men, its object, to cover Hamburg against the English, and to impose upon Austria, whose dispo
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore), Speech of Judge C. P. Daly, on the presentation of flags to the sixty-ninth regiment N. Y. S. V., Nov. 18, 1861. (search)
rish Brigade achieved upon the plains of Ramillies, the heights of Fontenoy, and at the gate of Cremona, is to descend upon them, it will be not by adopting its name, but by proving hereafter, by their discipline and by their deeds, that they are worthy to bear it. (Enthusiastic plaudits.) You, too, Col. Nugent, have your own responsibility. You bear the name of that gallant Col. Nugent, who, at the head of the Irish horse at the battle of Spires, broke the compact infantry of the Prince of Hesse, and decided the fortune of the day. The Irish soldier has been distinguished by military critics for his recognition of the necessity of implicit military obedience, for the cheerfulness with which he endures the privations and hardships incident to a military life, and for his daring impetuosity in battle. Look to it that you maintain that character. Sir Charles Napier has borne the highest compliment to the merits of a disciplined Irish regiment in the account which he gives of the one
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blenker, Louis, 1812-1863 (search)
Blenker, Louis, 1812-1863 Military officer; born in Worms, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, July 31, 1812; was one of the Bavarian Legion. raised to accompany King Otho to Greece. In 1848-49, he became a leader of the revolutionists, and finally fled to Switzerland. Ordered to leave that country ( September, 1849). he came to the United States. At the beginning of the Civil War he raised a regiment, and, early in July, 1861, was put at the head of a brigade, chiefly of Germans. In the Army of the Potomac he commanded a division for a while, which was sent to western Virginia, and participated in the battle of cross Keys (q. v.). He died in Rockland county, N. Y., Oct. 31, 1863.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 (search)
verance. In Germany the wars of the Reformation and of Charles V., in the sixteenth century, the Thirty Years War in the seventeenth century, the Seven Years War in the eighteenth century, not to speak of other less celebrated contests, entailed upon that country all the miseries of intestine strife for more than three centuries. At the close of the lastnamed war—which was the shortest of all, and waged in the most civilized age— an officer, says Archenholz, rode through seven villages in Hesse, and found in them but one human being. More than 300 principalities, comprehended in the empire, fermented with the fierce passions of proud and petty states; at the commencement of this period the castles of robber-counts frowned upon every hill-top; a dreadful secret tribunal whose seat no one knew, whose power none could escape, froze the hearts of men with terror through the land; religious hatred mingled its bitter poison in the seething caldron of provincial animosity; but of all the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), German mercenaries. (search)
in the autumn of 1775, that body, stimulated by Lord North, the premier, and Lord George Germain, secretary for the colonies, and at the suggestion of Admiral Howe, promptly voted 25,000 men for service against the Americans. It was difficult to obtain enlistments in Great Britain, and mercenaries were sought in Germany. At the close of the year, and at the beginning of 1776, bargains were effected between representatives of the British government and the reigning princes of Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Hanau, Brunswick, Anhalt, Anspach, and Waldeck. In the bargains, the fundamental law of trade—supply and demand—prevailed. The King of England had money, but lacked troops; the German rulers had troops, but wanted money. The bargain was a natural one on business principles; the morality of the transaction was another affair. About 30,000 German troops, most of them well disciplined, were hired. The German rulers were to receive for each soldier a bounty of $35, besides an annual subsidy
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hessians. (search)
During the Revolutionary War Great Britain hired a large number of auxiliaries from the Landgrave of Hesse, the Count of Hesse-Hanau, the Duke of Brunswick, the Margrave of Anspach-Bayreuth, the Prince of Waldeck, and the Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst. pril, 1782961 ——— Total16,992 Returned in the autumn of 1783 and the spring of 178410,492 ——— Did not return6,500 Hesse-Hanau, under various treaties2,038 Hesse-Hanau, recruits sent in April, 178150 Hesse-Hanau, recruits sent in April, 178Hesse-Hanau, recruits sent in April, 178150 Hesse-Hanau, recruits sent in April, 1782334 ——— Total2,422 Returned in the autumn of 17831,441 ——— Did not return981 Anspach-Bayreuth sent in 17771,603 Anspach-Bayreuth sent in 1779157 Anspach-Bayreuth sent in 1780152 Anspach-Bayreuth sent in 1781205 Anspach-Bayreuth sent in Hesse-Hanau, recruits sent in April, 1782334 ——— Total2,422 Returned in the autumn of 17831,441 ——— Did not return981 Anspach-Bayreuth sent in 17771,603 Anspach-Bayreuth sent in 1779157 Anspach-Bayreuth sent in 1780152 Anspach-Bayreuth sent in 1781205 Anspach-Bayreuth sent in 1782236 ——— Total2,353 Returned in the autumn of 17831,183 ——— Did not return1,170 Waldeck sent in 1776670 Waldeck sent in April, 177789 Waldeck sent in February, 1778140 Waldeck sent in May, 17792
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Riedesel, Baron Frederick Adolph 1738-1800 (search)
Riedesel, Baron Frederick Adolph 1738-1800 Military officer: born in Lauterbach, Rhine-Hesse, Germany. June 3, 1738. Leaving the College of Marburg, he entered the English army as ensign, and served in the Seven Years War under Prince Ferdinand. In 1760 he became captain of the Hessian Hussars, and was made lieutenant-colonel of the Black Hussars in 1762, adjutant-general of the Brunswick army in 1767, colonel of carabineers in 1772, and a major-general, with the command of a division of 4,000 Brunswickers, hired by the British Court to fight British subject in America early in 1776. Riedesel arrived at Quebec June 1, 1776; aided in the capture of Ticonderoga (July 6), and in dispersing the American troops at Hubbardton, and was made a prisoner with Burgoyne; was exchanged in the fall of 1780; returned home in August, 1783, and was made lieutenant-general in command of troops serving in Holland in 1787. He became commander-in-chief of the military of Brunswick. He died in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Schlaginweit, Robert 1833-1885 (search)
Schlaginweit, Robert 1833-1885 Traveller; born in Munich, Bavaria, Oct. 27, 1833; a brother of Hermann and Adolf, noted for their geological exploration of India in 1854-57, in which he participated. He travelled extensively in North America; lectured in English and German in the large cities of the United States; and published The Pacific Railroad in North America; California; and The Mormons. He died in Giessen, Hesse-Darmstadt, June 6, 1885.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Treaties. (search)
shingtonApril 30, 1852 Hanover: Treaty of Commerce and navigationBerlinMay 20, 1840 Treaty of Commerce and navigationHanoverJune 10, 1846 Convention of ExtraditionLondonJan. 18, 1855 Treaty of Stade or Brunshausen dues abolishedBerlinNov. 6, 1851 Hawaiian Islands: Treaty of Friendship, commerce, navigationWashingtonDec. 20, 1849 Convention of Commercial reciprocityWashingtonJan. 30, 1875 Hesse-Cassel: Convention of Droit d'aubaine and tax on emigration abolishedBerlinMar. 26, 1844 Hesse-Darmtstadt: Treaty of NaturalizationDarmstadtAug. 1, 1868 Italy: Convention of ConsularWashingtonFeb. 8, 1868 Convention of ExtraditionWashingtonMar. 23, 1868 Treaty of Commerce and navigationFlorenceFeb. 26, 1871 Convention of Consular privilegesWashingtonMay 8, 1878 Convention of Consular rightsWashingtonFeb. 24, 1881 Japan: Treaty of Peace, amity, commerce, etc.KanagawaMar. 31, 1854 Treaty of Commercial; ports openedSimodaJune 17, 1857 Principal treaties and conventions of t
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