in the autumn of 1775, that body, stimulated by Lord North, the premier, and Lord George Germain, secretary for the colonies, and at the suggestion of Admiral Howe, promptly voted 25,000 men for service against the Americans.
It was difficult to obtain enlistments in Great Britain, and mercenaries were sought in Germany.
At the close of the year, and at the beginning of 1776, bargains were effected between representatives of the British government and the reigning princes of Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Hanau, Brunswick, Anhalt, Anspach, and Waldeck.
In the bargains, the fundamental law of trade—supply and demand—prevailed.
The King of England had money, but lacked troops; the German rulers had troops, but wanted money.
The bargain was a natural one on business principles; the morality of the transaction was another affair.
About 30,000 German troops, most of them well disciplined, were hired.
The German rulers were to receive for each soldier a bounty of $35, besides an annual subsidy