hide Matching Documents

The documents where this entity occurs most often are shown below. Click on a document to open it.

Document Max. Freq Min. Freq
George Ticknor, Life, letters and journals of George Ticknor (ed. George Hillard) 88 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 42 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 32 0 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 20 0 Browse Search
George Ticknor, Life, letters and journals of George Ticknor (ed. George Hillard) 16 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition. 14 0 Browse Search
Philip Henry Sheridan, Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan, General, United States Army . 10 0 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 10 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 10 10 0 Browse Search
James Russell Lowell, Among my books 6 0 Browse Search
View all matching documents...

Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for Saxony (Saxony, Germany) or search for Saxony (Saxony, Germany) in all documents.

Your search returned 21 results in 10 document sections:

laying the surface of porcelain in an unfinished state, to form a basis of adherence for the color, which is deposited by the pencil, by cotton-wool, or by stencil, according to the mode. The bossing is a coat of boiled oil, to hold the color. The oil is expelled by the heat of the enamel-kiln, and the color vitrified. The bossing is laid on with a hair-pencil, and leveled with a boss of soft leather. Bott′ger-ware. The white porcelain of Dresden. Made originally by Bottger, of Saxony, in imitation of the Chinese. It is now made in the old castle, once the residence of the Saxon princes, at Meissen on the Elbe, 15 miles below Dresden. Bott-ham′mer. (Flax.) A wooden mallet with a fluted face, used in breaking flax upon the floor to remove the boon. Bot′ting. (Metallurgy.) Restopping the tapping-hole of a furnace after a part of its charge has been allowed to flow therefrom. The plug is a conical mass of clay on the end of a wooden bar. Bot′tle.
otton and silk stuff made in Turkey. Chlori-na′tion. A process for the extraction of gold by exposure of the auriferous material to chlorine gas. The process was first introduced by Plattner, a professor in the School of Mines, Freiberg, Saxony. The principle involved is the transformation of metallic gold, by means of chlorine gas, into soluble chloride of gold (the aurum potabile of the ancients), which can be dissolved in cold water, and precipitated in the metallic state by sulphnot so many strings as keys, the strings being shortened, as in a guitar, by a device brought into action by the movement of the key, which struck the note. We read in a Leipsic work of 1600 of an instrument brought by Praetorius from Italy to Saxony, in which each key had its own string. This was considered quite a novelty in a keyed instrument, though common enough in harps, and was not fol- lowed till long afterwards, probably the latter half of the eighteenth century. Clavi-cith-e′ri
in the defence, but placed outside the body of the place. De-tach′ing horses from Car′riages. A means for suddenly releasing an unmanageable team from the vehicle. The Marquis of Worcester, in his Century of inventions, 1655, describes an apparatus of this kind, under command of the passengers, in which, by means of a T-ended lever, two or four bolts could be simultaneously drawn inwards, and the horses thereby released with the greatest possible ease and certainty. Hohlfield of Saxony, 1711 – 71, contrived a carriage in which the person could by a single push loosen the pole and set the horses at liberty. William's English patent, 1802, operates by a cord releasing a bolt, which allows the studs to which the traces are attached to rotate and the traces to slip off. Since these, numerous devices have been suggested, but have not come extensively into use. De-tect′or. 1. An arrangement in a lock, introduced by Ruxton, by which an over-lifted tumbler is caught b
in the hair and wool referred to. It would be interesting to introduce various other examples of hair and wool, as seen under the microscope, but our limits forbid. a, in the illustration, shows the appearance under a microscope of a fiber of Saxony lamb's wool somewhat less than 1/1000 of an inch in diameter. f shows the appearance of rabbithair under the microscope, and b beaver-down, which has a diameter of about 1/2000 of an inch. c, d, e, show musquash, nutria, and hare's fur. They different colors may be concealed or brought to the surface, or made to change places according to a presented pattern. The Jacquard is the principal loom used in weaving figured fabrics. See damask; Jacquard. Hohlfield, of Hennerndorf, in Saxony, 1711 – 71, invented a loom for weaving figured fabrics, the model of which is preserved in the collection of the Berlin Academy. Fig′ure-head. (Nautical.) The ornament on the head or prow of a ship. Fi′lar-mi-crom′e-ter. A micro
4060183,629 20343,26370125,254 30316,4938063,612 40280,106900 Odometers were possessed by Augustus, the Elector of Saxony, A. D. 1553-86, and for Emperor Rodolphus II. 1576-1612. In the eighteenth century they became common, and descriptions are found in scientific reports and works of that date. Hohlfield, born at Hennerndorf, in Saxony, in 1711, seems to have much improved the instrument. A new French instrument, termed a compteur mecanique, or calculating-machine, not only reckrussiaMile (post)8,238 RomeKilometre1,093.63 RomeMile2,025 RussiaVerst1,166.7 RussiaSashine2.33 SardiniaMiglio2,435 SaxonyMeile (post)7,432 SiamRoenung4,333 SpainLeague legal4,638 SpainLeague, common6,026.24 SpainMilla1,522 SwedenMile11,66aller machines to complete the work. Crushers of this class are used in the Lake Superior copper-mines, and at Freiburg, Saxony. The jaws of Blake's crushers are usually faced with case-hardened blocks of iron, which can be turned over when worn,
n used for hair-powder and went by the name of Schnorr's white earth. It proved to be kaolin. The French porcelain works were first established at St. Cloud, in 1695, by Louis XIV.; at Vincennes, 1740; removed to Sevres, 1786. The Meissen, Saxony, porcelain manufactory was established by Augustus II., Elector of Saxony, in 1710. Botticher invented the hard paste in 1706; the red ware like jasper, in 1711: white porcelain, in 1709; the perfect, white kind, in 1715. He died in 1719. HeroSaxony, in 1710. Botticher invented the hard paste in 1706; the red ware like jasper, in 1711: white porcelain, in 1709; the perfect, white kind, in 1715. He died in 1719. Heroldt introduced gilding and painting in 1720; modeled groups, in 1731; porcelain made in England, at Bow, in 1698. Wedgwood ware was first patented, 1762. Porcelain may be distinguished from the coarser earthenware as a pottery which is fine grained, compact, very hard, and somewhat translucid. The latter quality is derived from its partial vitrification. It has various colors. Porcelain is divided into hard and tender. The former is made in Germany and in Asia, and the latter is held t
rified seven times. — Psalm XII. 6. They gather silver, and brass, and iron, and lead, and tin, into the midst of the furnace to blow the fire upon it, to melt it, — Ezekiel XXII. 20. From the former of these passages we may infer that a high degree of purity was attained by seven successive refinings. Purifying the precious metals and then reducing their standard by means of alloying does not appear to have been generally practiced, and is not to this day in the East. At Freiburg, Saxony, silver amalgamated by the barrel process is, after distillation, refined in crucibles, previously brought to a red heat. The silver is gradually introduced in lumps, and when fused strewn with powdered charcoal, and the crucible covered with an iron plate. After the lapse of a few minutes the impurities which had risen to the surface, together with the unconsumed charcoal, are skimmed off, more charcoal added, and the process repeated, occasionally stirring the molten metal, until its sur
pure lead is drawn off, leaving an alloy of the latter metals in the furnace, to be afterward separated by farther reduction. The silver processes of Freiberg, Saxony, are about as follows: The barrel-amalgamation process, see page 77. The hot-water process, in which the ores of silver are roasted, so as to give soluble soride; and precipitation of the silver in a metallic state by exposure of the solution to copper. Lixiviating-tab. The material operated on at Freiberg, in Saxony, is a matt containing about 70 per cent of copper and 0.0042 of silver. It is ground and bolted, and is then roasted for 8 hours to expel sulphur, being stirred ing across the mouth of the box. V. Straw-grinders. Guillotine-cutter chaff-box. The Hebrews cut straw and grain in the sheaf for food. Hohlfield, of Saxony, 1711-1771, invented a straw-chopper, while in the service of the Prussian minister, Count de Podenils, at Gusow. We are not informed as to its construction. Th
rally performed by means of a fluted roller (Fig. 6390) drawn around in a circular track. Hohlfield of Hermerndorf, in Saxony, 1711-1771, invented a thrashing-machine while working on the estate of Gusow, in the service of the Prussian minister, Cmelting of blocks of a superior quality of metal. Tin-furnace. Fig. 6459 represents the furnace used at Altenberg, Saxony, for smelting roasted tin-ores. It is of granite, about 10 feet high. a is the shaft; b, the forehearth; d, the bottom f the latter metal. The art of tinning plate-iron seems to have been invented in Bohemia, was carried from thence into Saxony, 1620, and other parts of Germany, whence the rest of Europe was supplied until near the end of the seventeenth century. op. It revolves in its socket, and moves a wire which communicates with the figure. Clay marbles come exclusively from Saxony, and are prepared in molds by machinery, from a clay not found in other countries The material for agate marbles is obtai
The breeds of sheep yielding the two are different. The Leicester may be considered the type of one and the Merino of the other, though the distinct processes are older than the former name, as a variety, and possibly older than that of the latter kind, which originated in Spain. See merino. Examined under the microscope, short wool presents the appearance of being serrated and imbricated. In a fiber of merino wool an inch in length, there may be 2,400 of these serrations; in one of Saxony, 2,700; in southdown, 2,080; in Leicester, only 1,860. In tong wool these saw-like cusps, or points, are less developed; indeed, in some sorts they are nearly altogether wanting. For the production of woolen cloth that wool is most suitable which possesses the greatest number of these serrations, because it is by means of these that the felling process, which is the essence of such cloth, is accomplished. On the other hand, in worsted fabrics this felting operation is avoided, or takes pl