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rs often in the Egyptian painting and sculpture, and was the principal tool in ancient Egypt for fashioning articles of wood. Its blade was of bronze and the handle of tamarisk. Egyptian adze. (Thebes.) The Roman adze (ascia) is shown on many ancient monuments. Some have a rounded edge, some a straight. It was then, as now, a ship-builder's tool. The acisculus had a similar rounded head, but was a stone-mason's tool, having a square face and pointed peen. Among many of the West India Islanders adzes and axes of shell were used. When it was procurable they were made of flint; this was worked into the shape of a tool and attached by sinews or cords to a helve, or fastened to a withe (see axe), or, as in Figs. 39, 40, the cutting material of shell, flint, or obsidian was lashed to a stock. Metal superseded the other materials in most parts of the world, but many barbarous nations of America and Polynesia yet make their weapons of the material generally discarded at a ve
luppe) or mass of iron gathered into a lump in a puddlingfurnace, and in a condition fit for the squeezer or tilt-hammer. 7. (Machinery.) a. A spherical valve, operated by the passing fluid, and limited as to its extent of motion by a cage, or by the size of the chamber. b. One portion of that universal joint which consists of a ball gripped by a box and ring. 8. (Horological.) The weight at the bottom of a pendulum, sometimes called the bob. Bal′la-hore. (Nautical.) A West India schooner with fore and aft sails only; the foremast rakes forward, the mainmast aft. Ball-and-sock′et joint. A joint formed by a ball working in a hollow cup or socket, which allows it free motion in every direction within certain limits. See universal joint. Ball-and-socket joint. Bal′last. 1. (Railroad-engineering.) Gravel, broken stone, or cinders placed beneath and around the sleepers of a railroad track, forming a solid bed which will not retain water. Drainage m
colors and character. The inner layer is darkcolored, black in the finer specimens from the West Indies and South America, and pink in other specimens, which are not so highly prized, as being lesspanish reed (Arundo donax), are the favorites. Then come supple-jacks and pimentoes from the West Indies, rattans and palms from Java, white and black bamboos from Singapore, and stems of the bambusery in 1792, and introduced into the British merchantservice by Captain Brown of the Penelope, West India merchantman, 400 tons burden, 1811. The cable had twisted links. Brunton patented the staynaeus, who so much esteemed it. The beverage was advertised in London in 1657, as an excellent West India drink called chocolate. Chocolate-mill. The roasted and crushed seeds of the cacao-nut t had indigo and cochineal. Columbus found the Cotton-plant wild in Hispaniola, in other West India islands, and on the continent of South America, where the natives used it for dresses and fishing-
to make drivers of the latter. In the English practice, with cylinders inside of the frame, the connecting-rods are coupled to cranks on the axle of the drive-wheels. 2. (Harvester.) The wheel which rests upon the ground, and whose tractional adherence thereto, as the frame is dragged along by the team, is the means of moving the gearing and giving motion to the cutter and reel. Drog. (Nautical.) A buoy attached to the end of a harpoon line. Drogh′er. (Nautical.) A West India cargo-boat, employed in coasting, having long, light masts and lateen sails. Droger. Droitzsch′ka. A Russian traveling-carriage. See Drosky. Drone. (Music.) The base-pipe of a bagpipe (which see). Drop. 1. A machine for lowering loaded coal-cars from a high staith to the vessel, to avoid the breaking of the coal by dropping it from a hight. It is a perpendicular lift in which the car is received in a movable and counterpoised cradle which is lowered and returned.
d. These disks, or lenses, are constructed of thin metal, and are all in communication with each other through the common axis, which is likewise hollow. The whole system is kept in slow rotary motion by some convenient moving power, and each disk carries up with it, adhering to its surface, a thin film of the liquid; as evaporation when it takes place without ebullition goes on with a rapidity proportional to the surface exposed. Of this class is Schroder's evaporator D, used in the West Indies, for evaporating saccharine juices at a temperature not exceeding 180° it is worked by hand or steam power. It is intended specially as a substitute for the teache, and consists of a semi-cylindrical pan h, whose contents are heated by a steam coil d d, connecting by pipe g with the boiler. On a longitudinal axle resting in boxes on the ends of the pan are a number of disks j, which are rotated by power applied to the crank. As these disks are alternately exposed to the sirup and to
tor; and list under air-appliances. Fan-blowers. Fanning-mill. Cape hoc flabellum, et ventulum huic sic facito, — Take this fan, and give her thus a little air. Fans made of ostrich and other feathers maintained their hold upon the people, and were common in the reign of Elizabeth, being ornamented with gold and silver. According to Evelyn, our modern paper fans were introduced by the Jesuits from China. The common palm-leaf fan of this country is imported from the East and West Indies, and is made of a portion of the leaf and stalk; the leaf being bound on the edges with strips and thread. The Japanese fan is made of bamboo and paper. A stalk of bamboo forms the handle, is split into a number of fibers which are displayed in fan shape and fastened in position while paper is applied on each side. They are then painted and inscribed with scenes rural and humorous, and have mottoes which do not convey any very distinct impression to us as a people. Mechanical fans f
he carbed, upon which they are fastened by cleats and stay-rods. The tanks are made of matched planks bolted together. See oil-tank. Oiling-can. Oiler. Cap for oil-can. Oil-car′ry-ing Ves′--sel. One having builtin tanks in the hold to hold oil in bulk. It has conveniences for loading and discharge, and also for allowing expansion and contraction of the oil without overflow of the liquid or collapse of the tank. Tank-car. Molasses is also carried in bulk from the West Indies to Portland and elsewhere. Oil-carrying ship. Oil-cel′lar. An oil-reservoir in the bottom of a journal-box. Oil-cloth. A tarpaulin. Painted canvas for floor-covering. The latter description is prepared from cloth especially woven for the purpose, frequently of great width, and covered on each side by a peculiar series of processes, with paint. Figures or patterns in oil-colors are afterward printed on one side by means of wooden blocks. See floor-cloth. Floor oi<
elf a good stomach, could not make a shift with fasting and hunger only? Capsicum (red-pepper) appears to have been unknown to the ancients. It is probably a West India production. Per-am′bu-lator. 1. A machine for measuring a distance traveled. It usually consists of a wheel of known circumference, say 99 inches or halfan orchid), chiefly from Java, but from other places too in the Indian Archipelago; frangipanni (Plumeria alba, one of the Apocyanaceae), from both the East and West Indies. The French are the greatest producers of perfumes; there are two notable exceptions, attar gul, or attar of roses, and eau-de-cologne. See Morfit's Perfume prepared in this way are afterward compressed into a small bulk. Buccaning consists in drying and smoking meat cut into thin slices. From this practice the West India Buccaneers of the seventeenth century are said to have derived their name. Jerked beef is prepared by dipping thinly sliced meat into water and afterward dry
f exportation from the United States to the West Indies. 2. Furniture made in parts and not set e is found on the coasts of Florida and the West Indies. These are gathered with longhafted forks.recian Archipelago, Syria, Barbary, and the West Indies. The Syrian or Turkish, also known as toilome from Greece and Barbary. That from the West Indies is harsher, coarser, and less durable than DutchSteamboat ( Curacoa, from Holland to West Indies)1829 NasmythEnglishSteam-hammer1838 Engliade several voyages between Holland and the West Indies. The screw-propeller, after being severature thence gradually spread throughout the West Indies. Barbadoes was supplied from Brazil in 164 encouraged it, as his connections with the West Indies were very precarious, and were likely to beral on the island of Saba, one of the Dutch West Indies. A New York company has found the average n swing-bridge over the entrance-lock to the West India Docks, London. Swing-bridge, London dock
es its smell and durability. Brazil woodCaesalpinia brasiliensisWest Indies, Brazil, etcThe heart-wood affords a red dye. Used also to make Fustet(See Catechu.) FusticMaclura tinctoria, or Morus tinctoriaW. Indies, Brazil etcWood affords a yellow dye. GallsQuercus infectoriaAsit. Kitts to Antigua90130 1871Antigua to Demerara, connecting the West India Windward Islands1,028 1871Porto Rico to Jamaica582 1872Lizard, r, bonnet plait, etc. Sugar-caneSaccharum officinarum, etcIndia, W. Indies, America, etcFiber may be used for making paper, etc. Sunn-hempCed in America. a. Columbus noticed that the natives of the West India islands used the leaves in rolls, — cigars. The Aztecs had cigar tuboad. London, before 1829. On it the merchandise of the East and West India Docks was transported to the city of London. Iron railways wers kind are those designed by Rennie for the mahogany sheds at the West India Dock, London. These move in one direction only, and are used for
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