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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 11 1 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 8 0 Browse Search
George Ticknor, Life, letters and journals of George Ticknor (ed. George Hillard) 6 0 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2 4 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 4 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 4 0 Browse Search
James Parton, Horace Greeley, T. W. Higginson, J. S. C. Abbott, E. M. Hoppin, William Winter, Theodore Tilton, Fanny Fern, Grace Greenwood, Mrs. E. C. Stanton, Women of the age; being natives of the lives and deeds of the most prominent women of the present gentlemen 2 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 5. (ed. Frank Moore) 2 0 Browse Search
George Ticknor, Life, letters and journals of George Ticknor (ed. George Hillard) 2 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 5, 13th edition. 2 0 Browse Search
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Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.), Chapter 3: strategy. (search)
placed half of his army in Bohemia, and to have thrown a hundred and fifty thousand men at the mouths of the Elbe, near Hamburg! Forgetting that the first rule of all bases of a continental army, is that they rest upon the front the most opposite of the commencement of hostilities, at the end of 1813, the general front of operations of Napoleon extended first from Hamburg to Wittenburg, from whence it ran along the line of the Allies to near Glogau and Breslau, since his right was at LowenbElbe, his real line of defense then extended only from Wittenberg to Dresden, with a crotchet in rear on Marienberg; for Hamburg and Magdeberg even, were found already outside of his strategic field, and he would have been lost if he had thought of reat deal of ostentation, the union of an army of the Elbe; its force was to be sixty thousand men, its object, to cover Hamburg against the English, and to impose upon Austria, whose dispositions were as manifest as her interest. The Prussians h
that of the United States, to formally protest against such action, and against any act authorized by you or any authority of the United States that may be in contravention of such treaties. We have the honor to be, General, your most obedient servants, Mejan, Consul of France. Lorenzo Callego, Consul of Spain. Consul of Belgium,Consul of Portugal, Consul of Hanover,Vice-Consul of Italy, Consul of Brazil,Consul of England, Consul of Nassau andConsul of Austria, Brunswick,Consul of Hamburg, Consul of Greece,Consul of Wurtemburg, Consul of Bremen,Consul of Russia, Consul of Sweden andConsul of Denmark, Norway,Consul of Switzerland. On the same day Gen. Butler returned the following reply to the protest: headquarters Department of the Gulf, New-Orleans, May 12, 1862. Messrs.: I have the protest which you have thought it proper to make in regard to the action of my officers towards the Consul of the Netherlands, which action I approve and sustain. I am grieved
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, John Quincy, 1767- (search)
f President John Adams; and was graduated at Harvard College in 1787. In February, 1778, he accompanied his father to France, where he studied the French and Latin languages for nearly two years. After an interval, he returned to France and resumed his studies, which were subsequently pursued at Amsterdam and at the University of Leyden. At the age of fourteen years, he accompanied Mr. Dana to Russia as his private secretary. The next year he spent some time at Stockholm, Copenhagen, and Hamburg. He afterwards accompanied his father (who was American minister) to England and France and returned home with him early in 1785. After his graduation at Harvard, he studied law with the eminent Theophilus Parsons, practised at Boston, and soon became distinguished as a political writer. In 1791 he published a series of articles in favor of neutrality with France over the signature of Publius. He was engaged in the diplomatic service of his country as minister, successively, to Hollan
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cholera, Asiatic (search)
arrying off more than 900,000 persons on the Continent in 1829-30; in England and Wales in 1848-49, 53,293 persons; in 1854, 20,097. First death by cholera in North America, June 8, 1832, in Quebec. In New York, June 22, 1832. Cincinnati to New Orleans, October, 1832 (very severe throughout the United States). Again in the United States in 1834, slightly in 1849, severely in 1855, and again slightly in 1866-67. By the prompt and energetic enforcement of quarantine it was prevented from entering the United States in 1892. The German steamship Moravia reached New York Harbor Aug. 31, having had twenty-two deaths from cholera during the voyage. The President ordered twenty days quarantine for all immigrant vessels from cholera-infected districts, Sept. 1. On Sept. 3, the Normannia and Rugia, from Hamburg, were put in quarantine. On Sept. 10, the Scandia arrived with more cholera cases. The Surf Hotel property on Fire Island was bought by Governor Flower for quarantine purposes.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gerstaecker, Friedrich 1816-1872 (search)
Gerstaecker, Friedrich 1816-1872 German author; born in Hamburg, Germany, May 16, 1816; emigrated to America in 1837; remained in the country about six years, when he returned to Germany, but subsequently made many trips to every quarter of the globe. He is best known by his writings, originally published in German, but many of which were translated and republished in the United States. Among his writings are The Regulators of Arkansas; Pictures of the Mississippi; Journey through the United States, Mexico, etc.; Incidents of life on the Mississippi, etc. He died in Vienna, Austria, May 31, 1872.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kaufman, Theodore 1814- (search)
Kaufman, Theodore 1814- Artist; born in Nelsen, Hanover, Dec. 18, 1814; studied painting in Munich and Hamburg; came to the United States in 1855, and served during the Civil War in the National army. Later he settled in Boston. His works include General Sherman near the Watchfire; On to liberty; A Pacific Railway train attacked by Indians; Slaves seeking shelter under the flag of the Union; Admiral Farragut entering Harbor through torpedoes; and Farragut in the rigging.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spoliation claims. (search)
Spoliation claims. Bonaparte declared, in 1810, that no trade would be allowed with the allies of France in which France herself was forbidden to participate. In the ports of Spain under French control, of Holland, and at Naples, a large number of American vessels and a great amount of American property were seized; also at Hamburg, in Denmark, and in the Baltic ports, it being alleged that many American and many British vessels were employed in bringing British produce from British ports under forged papers seeming to show that the property and vessels were American, directly from the United States. The seizures were, therefore, made indiscriminately, and a vast amount of bona fide American property was thus lost. The seizures at Naples were particularly piratical, for the ships were lured into that port by a special proclamation of King Joachim Murat. These spoliations constituted the basis of claims subsequently made upon, and settled by, France and Naples. The only cou
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State laws, uniform (search)
ending on one another by the daily exchange of articles of food and wear, of machinery and raw material, and dealing together without regard to state lines, past or present. And so, under a resolution of the Frankfort Diet, a mere gathering of ambassadors from the sovereign states of the Bund. a board of commissioners appointed by most (not all) of the several kingdoms, duchies, and cities, met at Nuremberg to elaborate a German code of commerce. The commissioners adjourned later on to Hamburg, to draw from its sea-air the proper inspiration for the marine chapters of commercial law. After five years labors, in 1861, the code was completed; it was then laid before the legislative bodies of the different states. The Prussian Landtag adopted it by a unanimous vote in the House of Deputies, and with only one dissent in the House of Lords. Nearly all the law-making bodies of the other German states followed in Prussia's lead. A uniform law on bills and notes had been framed by a c
iumKilometre1,093.63 BelgiumMeile2,132 BengalCoss2,000 BirmahDain4,277 BohemiaLeague (16 to 1°)7,587 BrazilLeague (18 to 1°)6,750 BremenMeile6,865 BrunswickMeile11,816 CalcuttaCoss2,160 CeylonMile1,760 ChinaLi608.5 DenmarkMul8,288 DresdenPost-meile7,432 EgyptFeddan1.47 EnglandMile1,760 FlandersMijle1,093.63 FlorenceMiglio1,809 France 1, 60931 miles = 1 kilometre. Kilometre1,093.6 GenoaMile (post)8,527 GermanyMile (15 to 1°)8,101 GreeceStadium1,083.33 GuineaJacktan4 HamburgMeile8,238 HanoverMeile8,114 HungaryMeile9,139 IndiaWarsa24.89 ItalyMile2,025 JapanInk2.038 LeghornMiglio1,809 LeipsieMeile (post)7,432 LithuaniaMeile9,781 MaltaCanna2.29 MecklenburgMeile8,238 MexicoLegua4,638 MilanMigliio1,093.63 MochaMile2,146 NaplesMiglio2,025 NetherlandsMijle1,093.63 Place.Measure.U. S. Yards. NorwayMile12,182 PersiaParasang6,076 PolandMile (long)8,100 PortugalMitha2,250 PortugalVara3.609 PrussiaMile (post)8,238 RomeKilometre1,093.63 RomeMil
he lighting and police arrangements of Paris were improved; the project was that of the Abbe Laudati, and was legalized in 1662. In 1671 the lamps were ordered to be lighted from the 20th of October to the end of March, having previously been kept lighted only during the four winter months; at this time the lamps were kept burning on moonlight nights as well as others. Their number in 1771 was estimated at 6.232. Amsterdam had street lanterns in 1669; The Hague, 1678; Copenhagen, 1681; Hamburg, 1675; Berlin, 1682; Vienna, 1704; Birmingham, England, 1733. For lighting by gas, see gas. Street-lamp. In the example, the glass is in a single piece, flaring at top, and having an opening at the bottom to receive the burner. The cover, to which it is attached, is conical in shape, is supported by four rods affixed to the top of the lamp-post, and is capped by a perforated hood. James L. Ewin's street-lamp has a supply of naphtha or other oil sufficient to last for a week or
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