Balboa, Vasco Nunez de, 1475-
Discoverer of the Pacific Ocean; born in Xeres de los Caballeros.
Spain. in 1475; went to Santo Domingo in 1501; and thence to the Isthmus of Darien in 1510.
Pope Alexander VI. (q. v.) gave to the Spanish crown, as God's vicegerent on the earth, all lands that lay 300 leagues westward of the Azores — in fact, all of America.
Ferdinand of Spain divided Central America, whose shores Columbus had discovered, into two provinces, over one of which he placed as governor Ojeda, the navigator, and over the other Diego de Nicuessa, with Bachelor Enciso as lieutenant.
Nuez, deeply in debt in Santo Domingo, escaped from his creditors by being carried in a provision-cask on board Enciso's ship.
When she had weighed anchor Nuņez came from his cask.
Enciso, angered by the deception, threatened him, but became reconciled.
At Darien, where the seat of government was to be established, Nuņez, taking advantage of the discontent of the Spaniards, headed a revo
Blanco, Ramon Y Arenas, 1833-
Military officer; born in San Sebastian.
Spain, in 1833; entered the army as a lieutenant in 1855: was made a captain in 1858; and in the war with San Domingo gained promotion to lieutenant-colonel.
In 1894 he wa s sent to the Philippines as governor-general of the province of Mindanao.
His career in the Philippines was characterized by acts of extreme cruelty.
For his service there he was appointed a marshal in 1895.
Unable to quell the rebellion in the islands, he resigned his office, and, returning to Spain, was assigned to the command of the Army of the North.
He there made a brilliant record against the Carlists, and carried by storm peña Plata.
For this achievement he was created Marquis de Peña Plata.
In October, 1897, he succeeded Gen. Valeriano Weyler (q. v.) as governor-general of Cuba.
One of his earliest acts after assuming authority there was a reluctant acquiescence in the desire of the people of the United States, as expressed
es to participate in the exhibition by sending the products of their industries.
There was a generous response, and thirty-three nations, besides the United States, were represented—namely, Argentine Republic, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chili, China, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Great Britain and Ireland, India and British colonies, Hawaiian Islands, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Liberia.
Luxemburg Grand Duchy, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Orange Free State, Peru, Portugal, Russia, Santo Domingo, Spain and Spanish colonies, Siam, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunis, Turkey, and Venezuela.
A Woman's executive committee was formed, composed of Philadelphians, who raised money sufficient among the women of the Union for the erection of a building for the exhibition exclusively of women's work—sculpture, painting, engraving, lithography, literature, telegraphy, needlework of all kinds, etc.— at a cost of $30,000. The building was called the Women's pavilion.
In it were exhibited beautiful <