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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mauduit Duplessis, Thomas Antoine, Chevalier de 1752- (search)
Mauduit Duplessis, Thomas Antoine, Chevalier de 1752- Military officer; born in Hennebon, France, Sept. 12, 1752. When twelve years of age he ran away from home, visited the battle-fields of Marathon and Thermopylae, and made plans of these battles with his own hand. He became an artillerist, and served in the Continental army of America, first as volunteer aide to General Knox. He became a lieutenant-colonel, and behaved with skill and bravery at the battles of Brandywine, Germantown, Fort Mercer, and Monmouth. In 1781 he distinguished himself at the siege of Yorktown. After the war he was stationed at Santo Domingo, where he perished by the hands of the revolutionists, March 4, 1791.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mills, Herbert Elmer (search)
Mills, Herbert Elmer Born in Salem, N. H., Aug. 8, 1861; graduated at University of Rochester in 1883; appointed Professor of Economics in Vassar College in 1890. He is the author of Practical economical problems; Labor problem; The French Revolution in San Domingo, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Narvaez, Panfilo de 1478- (search)
Narvaez, Panfilo de 1478- Explorer; born in Valladolid, Spain, about 1478; went to Santo Domingo in 1501, and thence to Cuba, where he was the chief lieutenant of Velasquez, the governor. Cortez carrying matters with a high hand in Mexico, Narvaez was sent by Velasquez to Cuba to supersede him, but was defeated, lost an eye, June, 1527, sailed from San Lucar, by authority of the King, with 600 men in five vessels, commanded to conquer Florida and govern it. After long detention at Santo Domingo and Cuba, he sailed for Florida with 400 men and eighty horses, accompanied by Cabeza De Vaca (q. v.) as treasurer of the expedition, who was to be deputy-govnor. Instead of treating the native inhabitants kindly, and winning their friendship and an easy conquest, Narvaez followed the example of his countrymen in Santo Domingo and Cuba. He marched into the interior with high hopes, directing his vessels to sail along the coasts. He pressed forward in daily expectation of finding so
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Noailles, Louis Marie, Viscount de 1756-1804 (search)
Noailles, Louis Marie, Viscount de 1756-1804 Military officer; born in Paris, France, April 17, 1756; was a distinguished military officer under Rochambeau in the siege of Yorktown, where he commanded a regiment, and was one of the commissioners to arrange articles of capitulation for the surrender of Cornwallis. He was brotherin-law of Lafayette; and in 1789, with other nobles, laid aside his titles and sat with the Third Estate, or Commons, in the French Parliament. As the Revolution assumed the form of a huge tyranny, he left the army and came to the United States. Re-entering the French service in 1803, he was sent to Santo Domingo in that year, where he was mortally wounded in an action with an English vessel, and died in Havana, Cuba, Jan. 9, 1804. During his absence in the United States his wife was guillotined.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ojeda, Alonzo de 1465-1515 (search)
ng along the northern shore of the continent (naming the country Venezuela), Ojeda crossed the Caribbean Sea, visited Santo Domingo, and returned to Spain in September. In 1509 the Spanish monarch divided Central America into two provinces, and made Ojeda governor of one of them and Nicuessa of the other. Ojeda sailed from Santo Domingo late in the autumn, accompanied by Pizarro and some Spanish friars, whose chief business at the outset seems to have been the reading aloud to the natives inas the first attempt to take possession of the mainland in America. Ojeda soon retired with some of his followers to Santo Domingo. The vessel stranded on the southern shore of Cuba, then under native rule, and a refuge for fugitive natives from SSanto Domingo. The pagans treated the suffering Christians kindly, and were rewarded with the fate of those of Hispaniola (see Santo Domingo). The pious Ojeda had told of the wealth of the Cubans, and avaricious adventurers soon made that paradise a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Orleans, Territory of (search)
Orleans, Territory of Louisiana, by act of Congress, was divided into two territories, the southern one being called Orleans Territory. The line between them was drawn along the thirty-third parallel of north latitude. This territory then possessed a population of 50,000 souls, of whom more than half were negro slaves. Refugee planters from Santo Domingo had introduced the sugar-cane into that region, and the cultivation of cotton was beginning to be successful. So large were the products of these industries that the planters enjoyed immense incomes. The white inhabitants were principally French Creoles, descendants of the original French colonists.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ovando, Nicholas de 1460-1518 (search)
Ovando, Nicholas de 1460-1518 Military officer; born in Valladolid, Spain, in 1460; was sent by Queen Isabella to supplant Bobadilla as governor of Santo Domingo in 1501, charged by the Queen not to allow the enslavement of the natives, but to protect them as subjects of Spain, and to carefully instruct them in the Christian faith. Ovando sailed for the West Indies, Feb. 13, 1502, with thirty-two ships, bearing 2,500 persons to become settlers in that country. By command of the Queen, the Spaniards and natives were to pay tithes; none but natives of Castile were to live in the Indies; none to go on discoveries without royal permission; no Jews, Moors, nor new converts were to be tolerated there; and all the property that had been taken from Columbus and his brother was to be restored to them. In Ovando's fleet were ten Franciscan friars, the first of that order who came to settle in the Indies. Ovando, like Bobadilla, treated Columbus with injustice. He was recalled in 1508,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pizarro, Francisco 1476- (search)
Pizarro, Francisco 1476- Military officer; born in Estremadura, Spain, in 1476. Low-born, he received little care from his parents, and was a swineherd in his earlier years. He went with Ojeda from Santo Domingo to Central America in 1510, and assisted Vasco de Balboa Nuñez in establishing the settlement at Darien. Trafficking with the natives on the Isthmus of Panama, in 1515, he settled near the city of Panama founded there, and engaged in the cultivation of land by Indian slaves. With a priest and another illiterate adventurer named Almagro, he explored the southern coast, in 1524, with 100 followers in one vessel and seventy in another, under the last-named person. Their explorations were fruitless, except in information of Peru, the land of gold. He went as far as the borders of that land, plundered the people, carried some of them away, and took them to Spain in the summer of 1528. His creditors imprisoned him at Seville, but the King ordered his release and receive
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ponce de Leon, Juan 1460-1521 (search)
Ponce de Leon, Juan 1460-1521 Discoverer of Florida; born in San Servas, Spain, in 1460; was a distinguished cavalier in the wars with the Moors in Granada. Accompanying Columbus on his second voyage, Ponce was made commander of a portion of Santo Domingo, and in 1509 he conquered and was made governor of Porto Rico, where he amassed a large fortune. There he was told of a fountain of youth—a fountain whose waters would restore youth to the aged. It was situated in one of the Bahama Islands, surrounded by magnificent trees, and the air was laden with the delicious perfumes of flowers; the trees bearing golden fruit that was plucked by beautiful maidens, who presented it to strangers. It was the old story of the Garden of the Hesperides, and inclination, prompted by his credulity, made Ponce go in search of the miraculous fountain, for his hair was white and his face was wrinkled with age. He sailed north from Porto Rico in March, 1513, and searched for the wonderful spring
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Porter, David 1780- (search)
Porter, David 1780- Naval officer; born in Boston, Mass., Feb. 1, 1780; was appointed a midshipman, April 16, 1798, and, as lieutenant on the frigate Constellation, fought L'Insurgente in February, 1799, and was promoted soon afterwards. He was wounded in an engagement with a pirate (January, 1800) off Santo Domingo, and was first lieutenant of the Enterprise, which captured a Tripolitan corsair. He afterwards commanded an expedition that destroyed some feluccas, laden with wheat, under the batteries at Tripoli. where he was wounded. In October, 1803, David Porter. he was captured in the Philadelphia when she grounded in the harbor of Tripoli, and was a prisoner and slave for eighteen months. In 1806, in command of the Enterprise, he fought and severely handled twelve Spanish gunboats near Gibraltar. In 1812 he was commissioned captain and placed in command of the Essex, in which he made a long and successful cruise in the Pacific Ocean. This cruise was one of the most
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