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ed Vicksburg in its first ascent of the Mississippi. Congress was busy with the multifarious work that crowded the closing weeks of the long session; and among this congressional work the debates and proceedings upon several measures of positive and immediate antislavery legislation were significant signs of the times. During the session, and before it ended, acts or amendments were passed prohibiting the army from returning fugitive slaves; recognizing the independence and sovereignty of Haiti and Liberia; providing for carrying into effect the treaty with England to suppress the African slave trade; restoring the Missouri Compromise and extending its provisions to all United States Territories; greatly increasing the scope of the confiscation act in freeing slaves actually employed in hostile military service; and giving the President authority, if not in express terms, at least by easy implication, to organize and arm negro regiments for the war. But between the President's
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Columbus, Christopher 1435-1536 (search)
osed, on the shores of Farther India. Columbus, clad in scarlet and gold, first touched the beach. A group of naked natives, with skins of a copper hue, watched their movements with awe, and regarded the strangers as gods. Believing he was in India, Columbus called the inhabitants Indians. Columbus took possession of the land in the name of the crown of Castile. He soon discovered it to be an island—one of the Bahamas—which he named San Salvador. Sailing southward. he discovered Cuba, Haiti. and other islands, and these were denominated the West Indies. He called Haiti Hispaniola, or Little Spain. On its northern shores the Santa Maria was wrecked. With her timbers he built a fort, and leaving thirty-nine men there to defend it and the interests of Castile, he sailed in the Nina for Spain in January, 1493, taking with him several natives of both sexes. On the voyage he encountered a fearful tempest, but he arrived safely in the Tagus early in March, where the King of Por
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Diplomatic service. (search)
otentiary, London. Greece, Rumania, and Servia. Arthur S. Hardy, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Athens. Guatemala and Honduras. W. Godfrey Hunter, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Guatemala City. Haiti. William F. Powell, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Port au Prince. Italy. ————, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Rome. Japan. Alfred E. Buck, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Tokio. ntiary. Great Britain. The Right Honorable Lord Pauncefote, of Preston, G. C.B., G. C.M. G., Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. Guatemala. Señor Don Antonio Lazo Arriaga, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. Haiti. Mr. J. N. Leger, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. Italy. Baron de Fava, Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. Japan. Mr. Kogoro Takahira, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. Kor
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Donnohue, Dilliard C., 1814-1898 (search)
Donnohue, Dilliard C., 1814-1898 Lawyer; born in Montgomery county, Ky., Nov. 20, 1814; was appointed a special commissioner to Haiti in 1863 to investigate the practicability of colonizing the slaves of the South in that republic after their freedom. Both President Lincoln and Secretary Seward favored this plan, but the report of Mr. Donnohue showed that it would not be feasible. He died in Greencastle, Ind., April 2, 1898.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Douglass, Frederick, 1817- (search)
e spoke at an anti-slaver convention at Nantucket, and soon after wards was made the agent of the Massachusetts Anti-slavery Society. He lectured extensively in New England, and, going to Great Britain, spoke in nearly all the large towns in that country on the subject of slavery. On his return, in 1847, he began the publication, at Rochester, N. Y., of the North Star (afterwards Frederick Douglass's paper). In 1870 he Frederick Douglass. became editor of the National era at Washington City; in 1871 was appointed assistant secretary of the commission to Santo Domingo; then became one of the Territorial Council of the District of Columbia; in 1876-81 was United States marshal for the District; in 1881-86 was n recorder of deeds there; and in 1889-91 was United States minister to Haiti. He we was author of Narrative of my experiences in slavery (1844); My bondage and my. Freedom (1855); and Life and times of Frederick Douglass (1881). He died near Washington, D. C., Feb. 20, 1895.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gomez, Maximo (search)
Gomez, Maximo Military officer; born of Spanish parents in Bani, San Domingo, in 1838. He entered the Spanish army, and served as a lieutenant of cavalry during the last occupation of that island by Spain. In the war with Haiti he greatly distinguished himself in the battle of San Tome, where with twenty men he routed a much superior force. After San Domingo became free he went with the Spanish troops to Cuba, and for a time was in Santiago. Becoming dissatisfied with the way in which the Spanish general, Villar, treated some starving Cuban refugees he called him a coward and personally assaulted him. He at once became a bitter enemy of Spain, left the Spanish army, and settled down as a planter; but when the Ten Years War broke out in 1868 he joined the insurgents and received a command from the Cuban president Cespedes. Along with the latter and General Agramonte, he captured Jugnani, Bayamo, Tunas, and Holguin. He also took Guaimaro, Nuevitas, Santa Cruz, and Maximo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hollister, Gideon Hiram 1817-1881 (search)
Hollister, Gideon Hiram 1817-1881 Author; born in Washington, Conn., Dec. 14, 1817; graduated at Yale College in 1840, studied law and practised in Litchfield, Stratford, Bridgeport, and Woodbury, Conn. He was clerk of courts in Litchfield in 1843-52; elected State Senator in 1856; and was appointed consul-general and United States minister to Haiti by President Johnson in 1868. In 1880 he was elected to the legislature, and there delivered a speech on the New York boundary question. He was author of Andersonville (a poem); Mount hope, a historical romance of King Philip's War; and History of Connecticut. He died in Litchfield, Conn., March 24, 1881.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kidd, William 1650- (search)
ction, and an order was issued to all English colonial governors to cause the arrest of Kidd wherever he might be found. In the spring of 1699 he appeared in the West Indies in a vessel loaded with treasure. Leaving her in a bay on the coast of Haiti in charge of his first officer and a part of the ship's company, he sailed northward with forty men in a sloop, entered Long Island Sound, and at Oyster Bay took on board James Emott, a New York lawyer, and, landing him on Rhode Island, sent him murder, found guilty, and executed, May 24, 1701, protesting his innocence. It is admitted that his trial was grossly unfair; and it is believed that Kidd was made a scape-goat to bear away the sins of men in high places. Earl Bellomont sent to Haiti for Kidd's ship, but it had been stripped by the men in charge; but he recovered the treasure buried on Gardiner's Island; also that which Kidd had with him on the sloop, amounting in the aggregate to about $70,000. Ever since Kidd's death there
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lincoln, Abraham 1809- (search)
The explosive materials are everywhere in parcels; but there neither are, nor can be supplied, the indispensable connecting trains. Much is said by Southern people about the affection of slaves for their masters and mistresses; and a part of it, at least, is true. A plot for an uprising could scarcely be devised and communicated to twenty individuals before some one of them, to save the life of a favorite master or mistress, would divulge it. This is the rule; and the slave revolution in Haiti was not an exception to it, but a case occurring under peculiar circumstances. The gunpowder plot of British history, though not connected with slaves, was more in point. In that case only about twenty were admitted to the secret; and yet one of them, in his anxiety to save a friend, betrayed the plot to that friend, and, by consequence, averted the calamity. Occasional poisonings from the kitchen and open or stealthy assassinations in the field, and local revolts extending to a score o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Santo Domingo, (search)
Santo Domingo, One of the larger of the West India islands. The natives called it Haiti, the Spaniards Hispaniola, and afterwards by its present name. It was called Santo Domingo by Bartholomew in the Western Hemisphere. The island is now divided between the republics of Santo Domingo and Haiti. The The City of Santo Domingo (from an old print). town of Santo Domingo was founded Aug. ith France in 1778. Toussaint l'ouverture, an able negro, became a trusted military leader in Haiti, or Santo Domingo, in 1791. When the English invaded the island in 1793, Toussaint, who had resen independent nations. The United States government hesitated to recognize the independence of Haiti. The idea of acknowledging as a nation a community of colored people was distasteful to the reps was considered desirable for a long time, and in 1869 the governments of the United States and Haiti conferred on the subject of the annexation of the island of Santo Domingo to the domain of the r
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