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ded to Milborne. To protect the frontier, and invade and conquer Canada, was the ruling passion of the northern colonies; but the summer wated to furnish quotas for the defence of New York or the attacks on Canada; but the instructions, though urgently renewed, were never enforcedre by some colonies openly disregarded. In its relations towards Canada, New York shared the strong passion for conquest which gradually exswick, with a commission extending to the 1698 April 2. borders of Canada, including all the northern British possessions, except Connecticuthouse, remaining inflexible was dissolved. The desire to conquer Canada prevailed, in the summer of 1711, to obtain a specific grant of bilnufactures proper to England. The English need not fear to conquer Canada;—such was the reasoning of an American Dummer's Letter 6. agent;—for, in Canada, where the cold is extreme, and snow lies so long on the ground, sheep will never thrive so as to make the woollen manufactures
rd—had labored for years as missionaries in Upper Canada, or made their way to the neutral Huron trihe Le Jeune, Brieve Relation 1632. heathen of Canada, and thus enlarging the borders of French domican be traced in every New England village; in Canada, the monuments of feudalism and the Catholic cty-nine, to brave the famine and the rigors of Canada in their patient missions of benevolence. Tgan. Within six years after the recovery of Canada, the 1638, 1639. plan was formed of establishes. A powerful appeal was made, in favor of Canada, to the king; the company of Jesuits publicly der his shelter; Franciscans, now tolerated in Canada, renewed their missions under his auspices;—ths, and vessels with decks; and no canoemen in Canada could shoot a rapid with such address Chap. Xes opened in the west. In the solitudes of Upper Canada, the secluded adventurer had inflamed his iappened in 1680, as Frontenac, the governor of Canada, related at the time. When, therefore, La S[19 more...]<
Bay; to protect Acadia; and, by a descent from Canada, to assist a fleet from France in making conquss, it was resolved to attempt the conquest of Canada by marching an army, by way of Lake Champlain,ance; and Acadia was once more a dependence on Canada. In January, 1692, a party of French and 169nfluence on the question of boundaries between Canada and New England. In the late summer of 1696, ainst the hunting parties of the Senecas in Upper Canada, near the Niagara. In the fol- 1693 Jan ae to beyond Labrador and Hudson's Bay, besides Canada and the valley of the Mississippi. But the boissis- 1700 sippi, he was attended by twenty Canadian residents in Illinois. The oldest permanenmet who assisted the commandant Jucherau, from Canada, in collecting a village of Indians and Canadiost of the men being disband- Chap. XXI.} ed Canadian soldiers,—embarked for the Mississippi, whichr after sunrise, the party began its return to Canada. But who would know the horrors of that winte[20 more...]
orm. Between the Indians of Charlevoix i. 29 Florida and Canada, the difference was scarcely per ceptible. Their manners, and placed themselves under the shelter of the French in Canada. The example of emigration was often followed; the savageThey adopted into their tribes many of the Ottawas from Upper Canada, and were themselves often included by the early French Thus the Wyandots within our borders were emigrants from Canada. Having a mysterious influence over the Algonquin tribes,olute lords over the conquered Lenape,—the peninsula of Upper Canada was their hunting-field by right of war; they had extera- Chap. XXII.} tions of savage vanity. The Hurons of Upper Canada were thought to number many more than thirty thousand, here in America this posture was adopted at burials. From Canada to Patagonia, it was the usage of every Nation—an evidenceties, that are enclosed within the European settlements in Canada, in Massachusetts, in Carolina, is hardly cheering to the
nd as lost. Many of his red people retired to Canada: he 1722. bid them go; but to their earnest snce, had ever been regarded by France as Canadian territory. The boat of Champlain had entered the s an express Chap. XXIII.} surrender of Canadian territory. The right of France, then, to that pary in possession of the Mohawks; so that all Upper Canada was declared to have become, by the treaty , where its batteries defended the approach to Canada by water, and gave security to Montreal. Them. They were soon met by James Logan, Mss. Canadian traders; and Joncaire, the adopted citizen ofing strong houses for them. The government of Canada annually sent them presents and messages of fro interrupt the chain of communication between Canada and the Gulf of Mexico. He caused, also, the sts of Louisiana were the hardy emigrants from Canada, who brought with them little beyond a staff as was razed; the troops from Illinois and from Canada drew back; the fort on the St. Francis was dis[6 more...]
f its commander, and the delirium and suicide of his successor,—did not even attack Annapolis. In the next year, the French 1747 fleet, with troops destined for Canada and Nova Scotia, was encountered by Anson and Warren; and all its intrepidity could not save it from striking its colors. The American colonies suffered only on errimac, and from the township now called Charlestown, on the Connecticut. Repairing to Louisburg, Shirley, with Warren, had concerted a project for reducing all Canada; and the duke of Newcastle replied to their proposals by direct- 1746 ing preparations for the conquest. The colonies north of Virginia voted to raise more thanicy, had not desired success. There is reason enough for doubting whether the king, if he had the power, would wish to drive the French from their possessions in Canada. Such was public opinion at NewYork, in 1748, as pre- 1748. Nov. Kalm, II. Pinkerton, II. 461. served for us by the Swedish traveller, Peter Kalm. The English
Calvert, Charles, in Maryland, II. 237 Returns to England, 240. Calvin, influence of, I. 266. Parallel between him and Luther, 277. Calvinism, political meaning of, II 461 Influence on laws of Massachusetts, 463. In Connecticut, 464. Canada, French in, I. 27. Its conquest, 334; II. 88; II. 183, 220. Jesuits in, 120. Cancello, I. 60. Canonchet, II. 102. Canonicus, I. 318. Cardross, Lord, in South Carolina, II. 173. Carolina, proprietaries of, II. 129. Colonized from1. Popular revolution, 328. War with the Yamassees, 326. Caron, Le, III. 118. Cartier, his voyage, I. 19. At MontReal, 21. Carteret, Philip, II. 317. Carver, John, I. 310. Catawbas, III. 245. Cayugas, II. 417. Champlain in Canada, I. 25. Explores Lake Champlain, 28. Builds Fort St. Louis, 29. Establishes missions, III. 121. Charles I., I. 194. Convenes a parliament, II. 2. Trial, 15. Charles II., his restoration, II. 29. Character, 48. Charleston founded, II
grants from, II. 286. Five Nations. See Iroquois. Fletcher, Benjamin, in Pennsylvania, III. 37. In New York, 56. In Connecticut, 67 Fleury, Cardinal, II. 325. Averse to war, III. 449. Florida discovered, I. 31. Abandoned, 60. Huguenots, 63. Melendez in, 66. Colonized, 69. Expeditions against, in. 209, 432. Fox, George, I. 154. Education, 331. Influence of the age on him, 354. His death, 404. France, first voyages, I. 15. Trading voyages of, 25. Settles Acadia and Canada, 27. Huguenot colonies of, 61. Its settlements pillaged, 148. Loses Acadia, 445. Persecutes the Huguenots, II 174. War with the Five Nations, 419-423. Character of its monarchy, 467. Its rivalry with England, III. 115. Missions, 128. Contends for the fisheries and the west, 175. War with England, 176. Indian alliance, 177. War with the Iroquois, 189. Colonial boundaries, 192. Excludes England from Louisiana, 203. Sends Indians into New England, 214. Desires peace, III. 225 Ex
II. 229. Hartford, II. 283. Harvard College founded, I. 459. Harvey, John, I. 197. Impeached, 201. Haverhill massacre, II. 215. Haynes, John, I. 362. Hennepin, Father, II. 163. His false-hood, 202. Higginson, Francis, I. 346. Highlanders in Georgia, II. 427. History, its criterion, II. 397. A science, 398. The record of God's providence, 399. Hooker, Thomas, character of, I. 363. Hooper, the martyr, I. 280. Howard, of Effingham, II. 249. Hudson's Bay, I. 12, 82; II. 270; II. 180. Hudson, Henry, II. 264. In the North River, 266. Last voyage of, 270. Death, 271. Huguenots in Canada, I. 28. In Florida, 64. In South Carolina, II. 174. In New Netherlands, 302. Hunter, Robert, III. 64. Hurons, I. 29; II. 121. Receive missions, 123. Their war with the Five Nations, III. 138. Huron-Iroquois tribes, III. 243. Hutchinson, Anne, I. 388. Exiled, 391. Death, 394; II. 290. Hyde, Edward, Lord Cornbury, III. 48. Character, 60.
I. 212. Of Charles II., II. 42. New Albion, II. 296. New Amsterdam, II. 277. New Belgium. See New Netherlands. New England, confederacy of the colonies of, 420. Royal commissioners for, II. 77. Population of, 93. Indians in, 93. War with King Philip, 101. The colonies consolidated, 433. Desire to conquer New France, III. 78. Gloomy years of, 186. North-eastern boundary, 333. Resolve to conquer Louisburg, 457. Newfoundland, I. 15,87;. 178, 192,217. New France. See Canada. New Hampshire visited by Pring, I. 327. Settled, 328. Annexed to Massachusetts, 418. Royal commissioners in, II. 86. Made a royal province, 115. Disputes with Cranfield, 117. Its series of lawsuits, II. 82. New Haven founded, I. 403. New Jersey. (See New Netherlands.) Why so named, II. 315. Quakers and Puritans in, 316. Slavery introduced, 317. Its laws, 319. West New Jersey bought by Quakers, 357. Treaty with the Indians, 359. Dispute with the duke of York, 360. Its pr