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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pidansat de Mairobert, Mathieu Francois 1727-1779 (search)
Pidansat de Mairobert, Mathieu Francois 1727-1779 Author; born in Chaource, France, Feb. 20, 1727; began his literary career at an early age. His publications. relating to the United States include Letters on the true boundaries of the English and French possessions in America; Some discussions on the ancient boundaries of Acadia; English observations, etc. He died in Paris, France, March 29, 1779.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Port Royal, capture of (search)
Port Royal, capture of In 1690, the Indians having taken the fort at Pemaquid, and French privateers from Acadia infesting the coasts of New England, the General Court of Massachusetts determined to seize Port Royal, N. S. A fleet of eight small vessels, bearing about 800 men, under the command of Sir William Phipps, sailed for that purpose on April 28. The weak fort was surrendered without resistance, and the whole seacoast from that town to the northeast settlements was taken possession of by Sir William.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Quebec. (search)
Quebec. The New England colonies and New York formed a bold design, in 1690, to subject Canada to the crown of England. An armament was fitted out for operations by sea and land. The naval arm of the service was placed under the command of Sir William Phipps, who, without charts or pilots, crawled cautiously along the shores around Acadia and up the St. Lawrence, consuming nine weeks on the passage. A swift Indian runner had carried news of the expedition from Pemaquid to Frontenac, at Montreal, in time to allow him to hasten to Quebec and strengthen the fortifications there. Phipps did not arrive until Oct. 5. Immediate operations were necessary on account of the lateness of the season. He sent a flag demanding the instant surrender of the city and fortifications. His summons was treated with disdain. After being prevented from landing near the city by a gale, he debarked a large body of his troops at the Isle of Orleans, about 3 miles below the town, where they were attac
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Shirley, William 1693- (search)
l governor; born in Sussex, England, in 1693; was educated for the law; came to Boston in 1734, where he practised his profession. At the time he was appointed governor (1741) he was a commissioner for the settlement of the boundary between Massachusetts and Rhode Island. As governor he was superior to his contemporaries in the same office in America. He planned the expedition against Louisburg in 1745; and was appointed one of the commissioners at Paris (1750) for settling the limits of Acadia, or Nova Scotia, and other controverted rights of the English William Shirley. and French in America. In 1754 he made a treaty with the Eastern Indians and explored the Kennebec, erecting some forts upon its banks. In 1755 he was appointed commander-in-chief of the British forces in North America. The expedition against Fort Niagara was planned by him, and led as far as Oswego. In 1759 he was commissioned a lieutenant-general. He was governor of one of the Bahama Islands afterwards, b
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Treaty of Paris, (search)
of peace, signed at Paris on Feb. 18, 1763 (and was soon after ratified) between Great Britain, France, Spain, and Portugal, which materially changed the political boundaries and aspects of North America. The acquisitions of Great Britain, both from France and Spain, on the continent of North America, during the war then recently closed, were most important in their bearings upon the history of the socalled New World. France renounced and guaranteed to Great Britain all Nova Scotia or Acadia, Canada, the Isle of Cape Breton, and all other islands in the Gulf and River of St. Lawrence. The treaty gave to the French the liberty of fishing and drying on a part of Newfoundland and in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, at a distance of 3 leagues from the shores belonging to Great Britain; ceded the islands of St. Peter and Miquelon, as a shelter for French fishermen; declared that the confines between the dominions of Great Britain and France, on this continent, should be fixed by a line drawn a
ve conducted an expedition to the shores of Maine, then Norumbega, was John Walker, in the service of Sir Humphrey Gilbert, who reached the Penobscot River......1580 Speedwell and Discoverer, from Bristol, England, commanded by Martin Pring, enter Penobscot Bay and the mouth of a river, probably the Saco......June 7, 1603 Henry IV. of France grants to Pierre de Gast Sieur de Monts all the territory between lat. 40° and 46° N., and appoints him governor of the country, which is called Acadia......Nov. 8, 1603 De Monts, accompanied by M. de Poutrincourt, and Samuel Champlain, visits his patent, and discovers Passamaquoddy Bay and the Schoodic or St. Croix River......May, 1604 Later in the season De Monts erects a fort on St. Croix Island, and spends the winter there......1604 De Monts enters Penobscot Bay, erects a cross at Kennebec, and takes possession in the name of the King. He also visits Casco Bay, Saco River, and Cape Cod......May, 1605 George Weymouth, sent o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), William's War, King (search)
p's troops, with Iroquois warriors under Colonel Schuyler, pushed towards the St. Lawrence and were repulsed (August, 1690) by Frontenac. The remainder did not go farther than the head of Lake Champlain. Phipps reached Quebec at about the middle of October, landed some of his troops near, but, finding the city too strongly fortified to warrant a siege, he returned to Boston before the winter set in. Having no chart to guide him, Phipps had been nine weeks cautiously making his way around Acadia and up the St. Lawrence. Massachusetts was compelled to issue bills of credit, or paper money, to defray the expenses of the expedition. Fierce forays by the French and Indians continued along the New England frontiers. The English were held up to the Indians by the Jesuits not only as enemies, but as heretics, upon whom it was a Christian duty to make war. The Indians were encouraged, too, to make forays for the capture of women and children, for whom they found a ready market, as servan
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Winslow, John 1702-1774 (search)
Winslow, John 1702-1774 Military officer; born in Plymouth, Mass.. May 27, 1702; was the principal actor, under superior orders, in the tragedy of the expulsion of the Acadians from Nova Scotia in 1755. It is said that, twenty years afterwards, nearly every person of Winslow's lineage was a refugee on the soil from which the Acadians were driven. In 1756 Winslow was commander-in-chief at Fort William Henry, Lake George, and a major-general in the expedition against Canada in 1758-59. In 1762 he was appointed presiding judge of the court of common pleas of Plymouth, Mass., and councillor and member of the Massachusetts legislature during the Stamp Act excitement. He was an original founder of the town of Winslow, Me., in 1766. He died in Hingham, Mass., April 17, 1774. See Acadia.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Margaret Fuller Ossoli, Chapter 9: a literary club and its organ. (search)
e remote glimpse of art through engravings, at least; they had around them the inspiration of a great republic, visibly destined to overspread a continent; and they had two or three centuries of romantic and picturesque pioneer history behind them. We now recognize that Irving, Cooper, Bryant, Whittier did not create their material; they simply used what they found; and Longfellow's fame did not become assured till he turned from Bruges and Nuremberg, and chose his theme among the exiles of Acadia. It was not Irving who invested the Hudson with romance, but the Hudson that inspired Irving. In 1786, when Mrs. Josiah Quincy, then a young girl, sailed up that river in a sloop, she wrote: Our captain had a legend for every scene, either supernatural or traditional, or of actual occurrence during the war; and not a mountain reared its head, unconnected with some marvelous story. Irving was then a child of three years old, but Rip Van Winkle and Ichabod Crane — or their equivalents — we
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 2, Chapter 7: the World's Convention.—1840. (search)
se, Darlington, England. Boston, August 31, 1840. Ms. esteemed friend: The Acadia leaves to-morrow, on her return to Liverpool. It would be unpardonable in me nlings, on discovering that the little steamer which brought us alongside of the Acadia in the Mersey, had returned to the dock without my knowledge—carrying you and tthree days before us, did not arrive in New York until after the arrival of the Acadia in Boston! There were few incidents that occurred on our passage that would fine: only for about forty-eight hours did the wind blow a gale against us. The Acadia is a fine sea-boat, and worthy of much commendation. There was [one] circumsby surprise, they nevertheless rushed to the wharves by thousands, and gave the Acadia a grand reception. It was one of the most thrilling scenes I ever witnessed; a regained his voice from cheering the friends who attended his landing from the Acadia, when a public reception was given to himself and Rogers at the Marlboroa Chape
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