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ike part of Maine, given to the duke of York. The charter which secured a large and fertile province to William Penn, and thus invested philanthropy with 1681. executive power on the western bank of the Delaware, was a grant from Charles II. After Philip's war in New England, Mount Hope was hardly rescued from a 1679. courtier, then famous as the author of two indifferent comedies. The grant of Nova Scotia to Sir Thomas Temple was not revoked, while, with the inconsistency of ignorance, Acadia, with indefinite boundaries, was 1667. restored to the French. From the outer cape of Nova Scotia to Florida, with few exceptions, the tenure of every territory was changed. Nay, further, the trade with Africa, the link in the chain of universal commerce, that first joined Europe, Asia, and America together, and united the Caucasian, the Malay, and the Ethiopian races in indissoluble bonds, was given away to a company, which alone had the right of planting on the African coast. The froze
mple. the union of the four New England colonies was believed to have had its origin in the express purpose of throwing off dependence on England. Ms. letter of commissioners to T. Prince, of Plymouth. Sir Thomas Temple, Cromwell's Governor of Acadia, had resided for years in New England, and now appeared Chap XII.} 1663 as their advocate. I assure you—such was Claredon's message to Massachusetts—of my true love and friendship to your country; neither in your privileges, charter, governmenas she discovered a vessel from Piscataqua, that had just sought an anchoring-place in the harbor! Hubbard's Indian Wars, 234. Willis's Portland, i. 143, 147, 155. Compare Church, 166. Ms. Letters from Willis and Farmer. The surrender of Acadia to the French had made the struggle more arduous; for the Eastern Indians obtained supplies of arms from the French on the Chap XII.} 1677 Penobscot. To defeat the savage enemy effectually, the Mohawks were invited to engage in the war; a few
dged to obedience unto death. The whole strength of the colony lay in the missions. The government was weakened by the royal jealousy; the population hardly increased; there was 1646. no military force; and the trading company, deriving no income but from peltries and Indian traffic, had no motive to make large expenditures for protecting the settlements or promoting colonization. Thus the missionaries were left, almost alone, to contend against the thousands of braves that roamed over Acadia and the vast basin of the St. Lawrence. But what could sixty or seventy devotees accomplish amongst the Chap. XX.} countless wild tribes from Nova Scotia to Lake Superior? They were at war as well with nature as with savage inhumanity, and had to endure perils and sufferings under every form. The frail bark of the Franciscan Viel had been dashed in pieces, and the 1623 missionary drowned, as he was shooting a rapid, on his way from the Hurons. Father Anne de Noue, in the depth of wint
he French Chap. XXI.} not only New France and Acadia, Hudson's Bay and Newfoundland, but a claim tot of France was directed to the fisheries; and Acadia had been represented by De Meules as the most d, to assert and defend this boundless region, Acadia and its dependencies counted but nine hundred ves plan the invasion of Acadia and Canada. Acadia was soon conquered: before the end of May, Sirnion was extended into the heart of Maine; and Acadia was yet, for a season, secured to the countrymida; New England, which had so often conquered Acadia, and coveted the fisheries; were alone involvere to assail Montreal; and, in one season, Acadia, Canada, and Newfoundland, were to be reduced undethe final successful expedition against 1710. Acadia took place. At the instance of Nicholson, whoil, having appointed Castin his lieutenant for Acadia, in the winter of 1710, sent messengers over trs, of Newfoundland, and of all Nova Scotia or Acadia, according to its ancient boundaries. It was [6 more...]
Chapter XXII The aborigines East of the Mississippi. on the surrender of Acadia to England, the lakes, Chap XXII.} the rivulets, the granite ledges, of Cape Breton,—of which the irregular outline is guarded by reefs of rocks, and notched and almost rent asunder by the constant action of the sea,—were immediately occu- Pichon, 3 pied as a province of France; and, in 1714, fugitives from Newfoundland and Acadia built their huts along its coasts wherever safe inlets invited fishermen to spAcadia built their huts along its coasts wherever safe inlets invited fishermen to spread their flakes, and the soil, to plant fields and gardens. In a few years, the fortifications of Louisburg 1720. began to rise—the key to the St. Lawrence, the bulwark of the French fisheries, and of French commerce in North America. From Cape Breton, the dominion of Louis XIV. extended up the St. Lawrence to Lake Superior, and from that lake, through the whole course of the Mississippi, to the Gulf of Mexico and the Bay of Mobile. Just beyond that bay began the posts of the Spaniards, w<
Index to the history of colonization. A. Abenakis of Maine solicit missions, III. 135. War with, 211. Language, 238. Aborigines, their conversation with Eliot, II. 95. Their language, III. 236. Manners, 265. Political institutions, 274. Religion, 284. Natural endowments, 299. Origin, 306. Acadia settled, I. 27. Fortunes of, 445; II. 70; II. 186, 234. Accomacs, III. 239. Aguesseau, III. 357. Aix la Chapelle, congress of, III. 466. Alabama entered by Soto, I. 48. By the French, II. 200, 348, 352, 365. Albany founded, II. 273. Alexander's, Sir William, patent, I. 332. Algonquins war with the Dutch, II. 288. Visited by Jesuits, III. 128. Language, 237. Allouez, Father, III. 149. Amidas, his voyage, I. 92. Anabaptism in Massachusetts, I. 449. Anabaptists popular reformers, II. 460. Andros, Edmund, II. 405. Lands at Boston, 427. In Virginia, III. 25. Anglo-American. See Colonies. Annapolis, Maryland, III. 31. Anne, Qu
E. Eaton, Theophilus, governor of New Haven, I. 403. Edwards, Jonathan, III. 399. Elizabeth, Queen, I. 282. Eliot, John, II. 94. Endicott, John, I. 341; I. 82. England, its maritime discoveries, I. 7, 75, 76, 80. First attempt to plant a colony, 84. Favors colonization, 118. Early slave trade, 173. Claims Maine and Acadia, 148. Restrictive commercial policy of, 194. The reformation in, 274. Jealous of New England, 405. Its democratic revolution, II. 1. Long parliament, 4. Civil war, 8. Presbyterians and Independents, 9. Cromwell, 19. Restoration, 29. Navigation acts, 42. Royal commissioners for New England, 77. Its history from 1660 to 1688, 434. Clarendon's ministry, 435. The cabal, 435. Shaftesbury's, 436. Danby's, 437. Shaftesbury, 438. Tendency to despotism, 440. Tories and whigs, 443. Its aristocratic revolution, 445; III. 3, 9. War with France, 175. Queen Anne's war, 208. Resolves on colonial con-quests, 219. Sends a fleet into the St.
0. Huguenots, 63. Melendez in, 66. Colonized, 69. Expeditions against, in. 209, 432. Fox, George, I. 154. Education, 331. Influence of the age on him, 354. His death, 404. France, first voyages, I. 15. Trading voyages of, 25. Settles Acadia and Canada, 27. Huguenot colonies of, 61. Its settlements pillaged, 148. Loses Acadia, 445. Persecutes the Huguenots, II 174. War with the Five Nations, 419-423. Character of its monarchy, 467. Its rivalry with England, III. 115. MissionsAcadia, 445. Persecutes the Huguenots, II 174. War with the Five Nations, 419-423. Character of its monarchy, 467. Its rivalry with England, III. 115. Missions, 128. Contends for the fisheries and the west, 175. War with England, 176. Indian alliance, 177. War with the Iroquois, 189. Colonial boundaries, 192. Excludes England from Louisiana, 203. Sends Indians into New England, 214. Desires peace, III. 225 Extent of her possessions, 235. Builds Crown Point and Niagara forts, 341. Influence on the Ohio, 346. War with Spain, claims Texas, 353. War with the Natchez, 358. Its government of Louisiana, 364. War with the Chickasas, 365 With Engl
red by the Long Parliament, 416. Inclines to toleration, 432. A synod, 443. Free schools, 459. Not in favor with Charles II., II. 71. Refuses to yield, 76. Royal commissioners in, 85. Prospers by neglect, 91. Purchases Maine, 113. Its liberties in danger, 121. Defends its charter, 123. Its charter abrogated, 127. Andros arrives, 427. Episcopal service, 428. Arbitrary taxation, 429. Solicits the restoration of its charter, II. 78. Territory enlarged, 81. Plans the conquest of Acadia, 217. Is refused a synod, 391 Withholds a fixed salary from the royal governor, 391. Recovers impressed seamen, 465. Massasoit, I. 317. Masts, II. 89; III. 106, 391. Mather, Cotton, III. 71. Champion of witchcraft, 76. Wonders of the invisible world, 95, 98. Mather, Increase, II. 434; III. 71, 83, 89, 375. Mayhew, II. 97. Melendez, I. 66. Mermet, Father, III. 198. Mesnard, Father Rene, III. 144. Lost among the Chippewas, 147. Miamis, III. 240. Miantonomoh,
ce as much territory as possible, without too openly compromising their respective governments. Acadia, according to its ancient boundaries, belonged to Great Britain; but France had always, even in rofound peace, Representation of the Board of Trade to the king, 1721. urgently declared that Acadia included only the peninsula; before the restoration of Cape Breton, an officer from Canada had oe, in March, 1749, to disbanded officers and soldiers and marines, to accept and occupy lands in Acadia; and before the end of June, more than fourteen hundred persons, Lords of Trade to Cornwallisants had, in 1730, taken an oath of fidelity and submission to the English king, as sovereign of Acadia, and were promised indulgence in the true exercise of their religion, and exemption from bearingthmus, compelled him to attempt confining the English within chap. II.} 1749. the peninsula of Acadia. La Jonquiere to Cornwallis, 25 October, 1749. Cornwallis to La Jonquiere, 1 November, 1749.
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