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one does not give him credit for having discovered the remaining parts of India, it must be from personal hostility. In 1502 he writes to Pope Alexander, I discovered 1,400 islands and 333 leagues of the coast of Asia. Above is a representation of the western hemisphere of John Schoner's globe of 1520, fourteen years after the death of Columbus, and, no doubt, published in good faith. In it the terra-borealis forms the only trace of the North American continent, and might answer for Newfoundland. Cuba and parts of the South American continent are plotted as islands of the eastern coast of Asia, adjacent to Java major, Java minor, and Zipango, which more immediately fringed the Asiatic coast. Cuba, the Antilia of Columbus, and yet the Queen of the Antilles, lies north and south, parallel with the coveted island of Zipango (Japan), which so persistently eluded the search of the man of Genoa, who tried to push his caravel through a continent. Sea-charts were brought to England,
o have been obtained by Captain Denham of H. M. S. Herald, off the river Plate; there can be little doubt, however, that when this amount of line had been run out the ship was miles to leeward of the sinker (a 9-pound lead), and no subsequent sounding in any part of the world leads us to infer that the ocean anywhere attains nearly this enormous depth. The latter cruise of the Dolphin and soundings subsequently made by other vessels established the existence of a plateau extending from Newfoundland to the coast of Ireland, having a nearly uniform depth of somewhat over 2,000 fathoms; upon this the transatlantic cables have been laid. A similar investigation is now being made of the bed of the North Pacific. The United States steamer Tuscarora, Commander Belknap, has ascertained that the depth of water gradually increases with a gentle slope from a point 115 miles west of San Diego, California, in 1,915 fathoms, to a point 400 miles east of Honolulu, where it reaches 3,054 fath
ul attempt to lay a telegraph-cable between Ireland and Newfoundland was made by the Niagara and Agamemnon in 1857. In the fifth Atlantic cable, between the coast of Ireland and Newfoundland, was laid by the Great Eastern, assisted by three other7 1858*England to Emden, Germany28028 1858*Ireland to Newfoundland2,0362,400 1858*Turkey to Smyrna via Archipelago5651,10nd, England, to Cape Grinez, France2530 1866Ireland to Newfoundland1,8962,424 1866Ireland to Newfoundland1,8522,424 1866LNewfoundland1,8522,424 1866Lyall's Bay to White's Bay4150 1866Crimea to Circassia40 1866Colonia to Buenos Ayres304 1866England to Hanover22427 1866Cto Lisbon850 1873Caithness to Orkney8 1873Valentia to Newfoundland1,900 1873Key West to Havana125 1873Placentia, Newfouns, France200 1874Shetland to Orkney60 1874Valentia to Newfoundland1,900 United States vessels have lately been employec d, the last four cables laid down between Ireland and Newfoundland. The seven wires of the core are each 0.048 of an inch