Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 10. You can also browse the collection for Newfoundland (Canada) or search for Newfoundland (Canada) in all documents.

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ips bound for New York. The fleet of Lord Howe was imperfectly manned, but his fame attracted from merchant vessels and transports a full complement of volunteers. The French fleet would nevertheless have gone up the bay and offered battle, could pilots have been found to take its largest ships through the channel. Since New York could not be reached, d'estaing, ignorant of — the secret policy of France and Spain, Chap. V.} 1778. indulged the dream of capturing the British towns in Newfoundland and annexing that island to the American republic as a fourteenth state with representation in congress. Extract of a letter of the Count d'estaing to Gerard de Rayneval, in Gerard de Rayneval to the Count de Vergennes, 15 July, 1778. Washington proposed to employ the temporary superiority at sea in the capture of Rhode Island and its garrison of six thousand men. He had in advance summoned Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island to send quotas of their militia for the expedition.
Vergennes in October enumerated as the only conditions which France would require: Vergennes to Montmorin, 17 Oct., 1778. the treaty of Utrecht wholly continued or wholly abrogated; freedom to restore the harbor of Dunquerque; the coast of Newfoundland from Cape Bonavista to Cape St. John, with the exclusive fishery from Cape Bonavista to Point Riche. The question of a right to fortify the commercial establishment of Chandernagor fell with the surrender of that post; Ibid. the insinuatiow verbal corrections were agreed upon, and on the evening of the twelfth April 12. of April the treaty was signed. By its terms France bound herself to undertake the invasion of Great Britain or Ireland; if she could drive the British from Newfoundland, its fisheries were to be shared only with Spain. For trifling benefits to be acquired for herself, she promised to use every effort to recover for Spain Minorca, Pensacola, and Mobile, the bay of Honduras, and the coast of Campeachy; and the
by act of parliament been debarred from fishing on the banks of Newfoundland. What right of legislation respecting them would remain at the prietary of the coast. Therefore the fisheries on the coasts of Newfoundland, of Nova Scotia, of Canada, belong exclusively to the English; a the right of fishing and curing fish on the banks and coasts of Newfoundland should belong equally to the United States, France, and Great Bron the 22. coasts, bays, and banks of Nova Scotia, the banks of Newfoundland and gulf of St. Lawrence, the straits of Labrador and Belle Islerticle on the fisheries. The treaty of Utrecht divided those of Newfoundland between Great Britain and France, on the principle that each sho use and exercise of the common right of fishing on the banks of Newfoundland. In the preceding December the queen of France, after many yeh the English to the fisheries on the Chap. IX.} 1779. banks of Newfoundland, and the other fishing-banks and seas of North America. The dem
and complete in every sense to the thirteen states, and all British troops to be withdrawn from them; for boundaries, the Mississippi, and on the side of Canada as they were before the Quebec act of 1774; and, lastly, a freedom of fishing off Newfoundland and elsewhere as in times past. Having already explained that nothing could be done for the loyalists by the United States, as their estates had been confiscated by laws of particular states which congress had no power to repeal, he furtherrne, who best understood American affairs, accepted the ultimatum of Franklin in all its branches; only, to prevent the bickerings of fishermen, and to respect public opinion in England, he refused the privilege of drying fish on the island of Newfoundland. On the twenty-seventh, Shelburne replied to Oswald: 27. Your several letters give me the greatest satisfaction, as they contain unequivocal proofs of Dr. Franklin's sincerity and confidence in those with whom he Chap. XXVIII.} 1782. Jul
state being present, Shelburne gave Strachey three points specially in charge: No concession of a right to dry fish on Newfoundland; a recognition of the validity of debts to British subjects contracted by citizens of the United States before the ware great lakes to the Lake of the Woods. The British commissioners denied to the Americans the right of drying fish on Newfoundland. Nov. This was, after a great deal of conversation, agreed to by John Adams as well as his colleagues, upon conditionparts of the coast of Nova Scotia. Franklin said further: I observe as to catching fish you mention only the banks of Newfoundland. Why not all other places, and among others the gulf of St. Lawrence? Are you afraid there is not fish enough, or th appears in the treaty, granting to the United States equal rights with British fishermen to take fish on the coast of Newfoundland, and on the coasts, bays, and creeks of all other British dominions in America. At this stage, Strachey and Fitzher