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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Guanica, (search)
of the war between the United States and Spain (1898), when it became known that a military expedition under Gen. Nelson A. Miles (q. v.) was to be sent to Porto Rico, it was reported with apparent official sanction that the objective point was San Juan, which Admiral Sampson would cover with the guns of his fleet while a landing was being made by the troops. This, however, was a ruse to mislead the Spanish spies in New York and Washington, and while the Spaniards in San Juan were completing pk and Washington, and while the Spaniards in San Juan were completing preparations to resist invasion, General Miles quietly debarked his army at Guanica on July 25, opposed only by a small force of Spaniards in a block-house. On the following day the Americans advanced to Yamo, and captured the railroad leading into Ponce. By July 29 all of the Americans, numbering 16,973 officers and men, had landed and concentrated in the neighborhood of Ponce for a forward movement against San Juan(q. v.).
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Guayamo, (search)
Guayamo, A town about 40 miles east of Ponce, in the district of Guayamo, Porto Rico. Early in August, 1898, General Brooke, of the United States army, decided to capture the town and make it a base of operations, as it was the only town of importance on the main road leading to the military road between Ponce and San Juan. On the morning of Aug. 5 General Hains, with the 4th Ohio and the 3d Illinois regiments, under the orders of General Brooke, moved against the place. There was no sign of the enemy until the advance entered a cut leading up a steep hill about a mile from the town, when a hail of Spanish bullets whistled over their heads. Owing to their small force, the advance were compelled to retire. As soon as this firing was heard the main body of American troops hurried forward and up the hill-sides. At. a short turn in the road the Spaniards had built a barricade, but a flanking movement forced them to retire. For about a half-hour the Americans pushed forward, me
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harney, William Selby 1798-1889 (search)
Louisiana in 1798; entered the army while quite young; was in the Black Hawk War; and was made lieutenant-colonel of dragoons in 1836. Ten years later he was colonel. He served in the Florida, or Seminole, War (q. v.), and in the war with Mexico. In 1848 he was brevetted brigadier-general for his services in the battle of Cerro Gordo (q. v.). He was promoted to brigadiergeneral in 1858, and placed in command of the Department of Oregon; and in July. 1859, took possession of the island of San Juan, near Vancouver, which England claimed to be a part of British Columbia, and which the United States soon afterwards evacuated. Harney then commanded the Department of the West; and in April. 1861, while on his way to Washington, he was arrested by the Confederates at Harper's Ferry, Va., and taken to Richmond. He was soon released, and, on returning to St. Louis, issued proclamations warning the people of Missouri of the dangers of secession. In consequence of an unauthorized truce with
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hobson, Richmond Pearson 1870- (search)
partment in 1894-95. Later he suggested a post-graduate course for officers intending to become naval constructors, and was appointed to Richmond Pearson Hobson. plan such a course, and conducted it in 1897-98. In the latter year he went to sea with the North Atlantic squadron as constructor. When the war with Spain broke out he was promoted lieutenant, and served on the flag-ship New York on blockade duty, in the bombardment of Matanzas, Cuba, and in the naval expedition against San Juan, Porto Rico. The action, however, which made his name a synonym for gallantry occurred at the entrance of the harbor of Santiago, Cuba, after Admiral Cervera's fleet was positively known to be in that harbor. Taking seven men with him, he piloted the collier Merrimac to the narrow entrance of the harbor, and sank her across its mouth to prevent the fleet from passing out. He and his party leaped overboard; were picked up by the Spaniards; and held prisoners for a few weeks, receiving kind tre
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Joint high commission. (search)
he commissioners first met in Washington, Feb. 27, 1871. Lord Tenterden, secretary of the British commission, and J. C. Bancroft Davis, assistant Secretary of State of the United States, were chosen clerks of the Joint High Commission. The commissioners of the United States were instructed to consider: (1) the fisheries; (2) the navigation of the St. Lawrence River; (3) reciprocal trade between the United States and the Dominion of Canada; (4) the Northwest water boundary and the island of San Juan; (5) the claims of the United States against Great Britain for compensation for injuries committed by Confederate cruisers; (6) claims of British subjects against the United States for losses and injuries arising out of acts committed during the Civil War. A treaty was agreed to, and was signed May 8, 1871, which provided for the settlement, by arbitration, by a mixed commission, of all claims on both sides for injuries by either government to the citizens of the other, during the Civil Wa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mexico, War with (search)
ned Wool at Saltillo, and thence returned to New Orleans, having made a perilous march from the Mississippi of about 5,000 miles. The conquest of all northern Mexico was now complete, and General Scott was on his march for the capital. He had landed at Vera Cruz, March 9, with an army of 13,000 men. It had been borne thither by a powerful squadron, commanded by Commodore Conner. He invested the city of Vera Cruz (q. v.) on the 13th, and on the 27th it was surrendered with the castle of San Juan de Ulloa. Scott took possession of the city two days afterwards, and, on April 8, the advance of his army, under General Twiggs, began its march for the capital, by way of Jalapa. Santa Ana had advanced, with 12,000 men, to meet the invaders, and had taken post at Cerro Gordo, a difficult mountain pass at the foot of the Eastern Cordilleras. Scott had followed Twiggs with the rest of his army, and, on April 18, defeated the Mexicans at that strong pass, and, pushing forward, entered Jal
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Navy of the United States (search)
Boston, Mass. (navy-yard); Island of Guam, Ladrones; Havana, Cuba; Honolulu, Hawaii; Key West, Fla.; Indian Head, Md.; Mare Island, Cal. (navy-yard); Newport, R. I. (training station, naval war college, and torpedo station); New York, N. Y. (navy-yard); Norfolk, Va (navy-yard); Pensacola, Fla. (navyyard); Philadelphia, Pa. (navy-yard); Cavite, Philippine Islands; Port Royal, S. C.; Portsmouth, N. H. (navy-yard); Puget Sound, Wash. (navy-yard); San Francisco, Cal. (training station); San Juan, Porto Rico; Tutuila, Samoa; Washington, D. C. (navy-yard); and Yokohama, Japan (naval hospital). Naval officers were also employed on the lighthouse board, the board of light-house inspectors, the commission of fish and fisheries, the nautical school-ships, and as attaches of embassies and legations in foreign countries. The following shows the pay of officers of the navy and marine corps: Rank.At Sea. Or shore duty beyond sea.On Shore Duty.On Leave or Waiting Orders. Admiral$13,500$13
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sampson, William Thomas 1840- (search)
ued. In the latter part of February, 1898, he was made president of the board of inquiry on the destruction of the United States battle-ship Maine in Havana Harbor (see Cuba). After war was declared against Spain he was appointed acting rear-admiral by the President, and placed in command of the North Atlantic Squadron over the heads of ten officers his seniors in rank. He was ordered to blockade Havana, April 21, 1898. With a portion of his fleet he bombarded the fortifications at San Juan, Porto Rico, May 12. He then placed the strongest part of his squadron off the southern shore of Cuba. On May 19, after eluding the American ships, Admiral Cervera, entered the harbor of Santiago with his fleet. On May 31, Sampson bombarded the fortifications at the entrance of Santiago harbor, and on June 9 seized Guantanamo Bay and made it a base of supplies. On the morning of July 3, when Admiral Cervera attempted to escape from Santiago Harbor, Rear-Admiral Sampson, with the flag-ship
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sigsbee, Charles Dwight 1845- (search)
both engagements with Fort Fisher. He was promoted captain March 21, 1897, and placed in command of the battle-ship Maine, which was ordered to proceed to Havana in the latter part of January, 1898, for the purpose of paying a ceremonial visit, as is customary among the navies of the world. On the night of Feb. 15, 1898, the Maine was suddenly destroyed at her assigned anchorage in Havana Harbor, by an explosion which drove her hull plates inward and upward (see Cuba). Soon after this catastrophe Captain Sigsbee was placed in command of the auxiliary cruiser St. Paul, and in the latter part of June destroyed the Spanish torpedo-boat Terror off San Juan, Porto Rico. In August of the same year he was assigned to the Texas, and was appointed chief of the bureau of naval intelligence when that vessel was put out of commission in October, 1899. He is the author of Deep sea. Sounding and dredging; United States coast survey, 1880; Personal narrative of the battle-ship Maine, 1899, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spain, War with (search)
r employment would have produced much more effective results. The same disadvantage was experienced by the navy during its attack on the fortifications at San Juan, Porto Rico, when the smoke from the guns to a great extent prevented efficient firing. It is safe to say that, with an army of 75,000 men properly equipped, at the the most solicitous attention from the authorities. The lessons taught by the expeditions made by the British in this section were of immense value. San Juan, in Porto Rico, had been attacked by Sir Ralph Abercrombie in 1795, unsuccessfully. He stated that the expedition had been undertaken too lightly, that he had found Porilled, four wounded. June 21. The Ladrone Islands were captured. June 22. The auxiliary cruiser St. Paul repulsed a Spanish torpedo-boat attack off San Juan, Porto Rico. June 24. Juragua was captured. The Spaniards were defeated at Las Guasimas. Capron and Fish were killed. June 26. Admiral Camara's fleet reache
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