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rovincial, quite in keeping with its location inland. Streets, various in length, uncertain in direction and impractical as to pavement, ran into Main street at many points; and most of them were closely built with pretty houses, all of them surrounded by gardens and many by handsome grounds. Equidistant from the end of Main street and from each other, stood, in these cradle days, the two hotels ofwhich the Capital could boast. Montgomery Hall, of bitter memory-like the much-sung Raven of Zurich, for uncleanliness of nest and length of bill-had been the resort of country merchants, horse and cattle-men; but now the Solon of the hour dwelt therein, with the possible hero of many a field. The Exchange — of rather more pretentious and vastly more comfort — was at that time in the hands of a northern firm, who could keep a hotel. The latter was political headquarters-the President, the Cabinet and a swarm of the possible great residing there. Montgomery was Washington over again;
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.), Chapter 3: strategy. (search)
xpedition of the same prince to Holland, in 1799, equally dictated by the same views of the cabinet of London, strengthened by the mental reservations of Austria upon Belgium, was not less fatal, in causing the march of the Arch-Duke Charles from Zurich upon Manheim, an operation quite contrary to the manifest interests of the Allies at the epoch in which it was resolved upon. These truths prove that the choice of political objective points ought to be subordinate to those of strategy, at lea turn the same fault as their adversaries, and instead of pursuing the conquest of this central bulwark, which cost them so dearly afterwards, they form a double line in Switzerland and the Lower Rhine. Their army in Switzerland is overthrown at Zurich, whilst that of the Lower Rhine is amusing itself at Manheim. In Italy the French form the double enterprise of Naples, where thirty-two thousand men are uselessly occupied, whilst on the Adige, where the greatest blows ought to be struck, the
; but he left General Kutusoff, with 27,000 men, in Zurich and its environs. Suwaroff, coming from Italy, wasamendingen. The headquarters of Kutusoff were in Zurich. Two corps, composed of 5600 men, under General ith his main body to march by Fahr and Hongg toward Zurich, to cut off the retreat of the Russian left wing une alarm spread through the whole line from Baden to Zurich, and in a few minutes the entire Russian army was ul Durasoff, if he should try to pass on the road to Zurich. The remainder, about 14,000 men, were arranged mpetuosity, and had succeeded in driving him toward Zurich. Kutusoff, thinking this was the main attack, caafternoon, when Massena had arrived at the gates of Zurich, and even summoned Kutusoff to surrender, that the nd they forced General Gortschakoff to fall back on Zurich. General Menard's demonstration on the left wingn he discovered his mistake, he endeavored to reach Zurich, and only arrived at a junction with Kutusoff by ma
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, Chapter 22: campaign of the Carolinas. February and March, 1866. (search)
e sea, which had been composed by Adjutant S. H. M. Byers, of the Fifth Iowa Infantry, when a prisoner in the asylum at Columbia, which had been beautifully written off by a fellow-prisoner, and handed to me in person. This appeared to me so good that I at once sent for Byers, attached him to my staff, provided him with horse and equipment, and took him as far as Fayetteville, North Carolina, whence he was sent to Washington as bearer of dispatches. He is now United States consul at Zurich, Switzerland, where I have since been his guest. I insert the song here for convenient reference and preservation. Byers said that there was an excellent glee-club among the prisoners in Columbia, who used to sing it well, with an audience often of rebel ladies: Sherman's March to the sea. Composed by Adjutant Byers, Fifth Iowa Infantry. Arranged and sung by the Prisoners in Columbia Prison. I. Our camp-fires shone bright on the mountain That frowned on the river below, As we stood
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Froebel, Julius 1805-1893 (search)
Froebel, Julius 1805-1893 Author; born in Griesheim, Germany, July 16, 1805; educated in his native country. He came to the United States in middle life and was naturalized; lectured in New York, and in 1850 went to Nicaragua, Chihuahua, and Santa Fe as a correspondent of the New York Tribune. In 1857 he returned to Germany. He was the author of Seven years travel in Central America, Northern Mexico, and the far West of the United States; The Republican, etc. He died in Zurich, Nov. 6, 1893.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Savings-banks. (search)
Savings-banks. The first regular institution of this kind was established at Hamburg in 1778. The next was at Berne, Switzerland, in 1787. The oldest savingsbank in the world, still in existence, was founded at Zurich, Switzerland, in 1803. The first savings-bank in the United States was established in Philadelphia in 1816, and in 1880 still existed as a flourishing institution. It was called the Philadelphia Savings Fund Society. The second savings-bank was established in Boston the same year, and the third in New York in 1819. These banks are regulated by State laws, and the average rate of interest paid by them is 3 per cent. For statistics of the mutual and stock savings-banks in the United States, see Banks, savings.
rice. The annual product was valued at £ 40,000. This source of supply eventually failed, but the loss was scarcely felt, as a number of other mines had been discovered in various parts of the world. The ancients drew lines and letters with leaden styles, and afterward an alloy of lead an tin was used. Pliny refers to the use of lead for ruling lines on papyrus. La Moine cites a document of 1387 ruled with graphite. Slips of graphite in wooden sticks (pencils) are mentioned by Gesner, Zurich, in 1565; he credits England with the production. They were doubtless the product of the Borrowdale mine, then lately discovered. In the early part of the seventeenth century, black-lead pencils are distinctly described by several writers. They are noticed by Ambrosinus, 1648; spoken of by Pettus, in 1683, as inclosed in fir or cedar. Red and black chalk pencils were used in Germany in 1450; in fact, fragments of chalk, charcoal, and shaped sticks of colored minerals had been in use si
5, 1870. No. 138,053.StebbinsApril 22, 1873. Instruments for laying out Stair Curves. No. 5,380.WoosterDec. 4, 1847. No. 18,110.StewartSept. 1, 1857. No. 24,763.ShaefferJuly 12, 1859. No. 66,796.ClowJuly 16, 1867. No. 75,423.HooverMar. 10, 1868. No. 97,707.SchollarDec. 7, 1869. Spi′ral pump. A form of the Archimedean screw water-elevator, consisting of a pipe coiled spirally round an inclined axis. It is said to have been invented about 1750 by Andrew Wirz, a pewterer of Zurich, and was employed in Florence with some improvements by Bernoulli, in 1779. See screw. Spi′ral-rib bit. A wood-boring tool adapted to be used in a brace. It has a spiral flange twisted around a cylindrical shaft. See bit, o, Fig. 695. Brick-machine. Spi′ral screw. A screw formed upon a conical or conoidal core. In the example, it serves as a driving-screw to force clay from the hopper into the molds beneath. Double helical spring. Spi′ral spring. A coil whose r
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 4, Chapter 8: to England and the Continent.—1867. (search)
delight at a little pension near Castle Sept. 4. Chillon, after their descent of the Tete Noire pass; and at Interlaken they tarried more than a week, making the Sept. 5-13, 1867. usual excursions to Berne, and Lauterbrunnen, and Giessbach, and revelling in the view of the peerless Jungfrau. The last half of the month was spent quietly at Lucerne, under less propitious skies, and without the lively companionship of their friends. After an ascent of the Rigi, Sept. 27. and a glimpse of Zurich, the Falls of the Rhine, and Sept. 29, 30. Constance, Mr. Garrison and his son returned to England by way of Stuttgart, Heidelberg, Frankfort, and Brussels, Oct. 2-8. seeing the Rhine, also, from Mayence to Cologne. Oct. 6. One more week was given to London, and two evenings Oct. 9-16. of this were occupied by receptions and suppers tendered by the National Freedmen's Aid Union, at Devonshire Oct. 14. House, the headquarters of the Society of Friends in London, and the National Temp
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, chapter 14 (search)
rotracted sufferings from fire, which made my summer a torment; and yet I fear that I must return again to that treatment. It is with a pang unspeakable that I find myself thus arrested in the labors of life and in the duties of my position. This is harder to bear than the fire. I do not hear of friends engaged in active service, like Trumbull in Illinois, without a feeling of envy. From Aix he went with short pauses to Northern Italy by way of Geneva, Lausanne, Vevay, Soleure, Berne, Zurich, Schaffhausen, Constance, Rorschach, Ragatz, and the Splugen, meeting his friend Fay at Berne, and visiting at Ragatz the tomb of Schelling, in whom he had taken a fresh interest from hearing Mignet's discourse at the Institute. His wanderings during October cannot be traced in order; but after Bellagio he visited Milan, Brescia, Vicenza, Verona, and Venice. From Italy he went to Vienna, Prague, and Dresden. At Berlin he had an interview with Alexander von Humboldt, Humboldt, in appoi
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