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est ended, and a definite Treaty was signed by Great Britain, in which she acknowledged the Independence of the Colonies in the following terms: Article 1. His Britannic Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz.: New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, to be free, Soveireign, and Indiependent States; that lie treaty with the condition in the Ordinance for the government of the territory ceded by Virginia, which obligations, and the laws of the General Government, have ceased to effect the objects of the Constitution. The States of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Iowa, have enacted laws which either nullify the acts of Congress, or render useless any attempt to execute them. In many of these States the fug
they get along in this plain, old-fashioned way under the direction of Uncle Sam. They say that, while I was a boy, Massachusetts and some of the New England States got the same idea of contumacy for the common parent and want of affection for the family, and got up a Hartford Convention. [Laughter.] I hope you do not think this personal. [No, no.] Somebody in Massachusetts--I do not know who — tried it. All I know about it is, that for the first twenty years of my political life, although [Laughter.] And I have made this singular discovery in contrasting those times with the present; that, whereas, when Massachusetts or any New England State, gets in a pet and proposes to go out of the Union, the democratic party all insist that it ht not to give her a good dowry besides. [Laughter.] Now, gentlemen, my belief about all this is, that whether it is Massachusetts or South Carolina, or whether it is New York or Florida, it would turn out the same way in each case. There is no su
other great man has been invoked to justify the coercion of a seceding State. The phrase to execute the law, as used by General Jackson, was applied to a State refusing to obey the laws and still remaining in the Union. I remember well when Massachusetts was arraigned before the Senate. The record of that occasion will show that I said, if Massachusetts, in pursuing the line of steps, takes the last step which separates her from the Union, the right is hers, and I will neither vote one dollaMassachusetts, in pursuing the line of steps, takes the last step which separates her from the Union, the right is hers, and I will neither vote one dollar nor one man to coerce her, but I will say to her, God speed! Mr. Davis then proceeded to argue that the equality spoken of in the Declaration of Independence was the equality of a class in political rights, referring to the charge against George III. for inciting insurrection, as proof that it had no reference to the slaves. But we have proclaimed our independence. This is done with no hostility or any desire to injure any section of the country, nor even for our pecuniary benefit, but fr
ho, for purposes utterly dissimilar, had been banded from South Carolina to Massachusetts, and from Massachusetts back again to South Carolina, until now the last poMassachusetts back again to South Carolina, until now the last point of endurance had been reached? Every violent word uttered North had been sent South, and the South had responded in the spirit. The abolitionist himself had bebroken, by the action of South Carolina herself ; closing with an appeal to Massachusetts, ending with the words, How stands Massachusetts at this hour in reference Massachusetts at this hour in reference to the Union?--in an attitude of hostility. Mr. Clemens then quoted from a. speech of Wendell Phillips, delivered in the Music Hall, at Boston, a few days ago, in w wield it for the perpetuation of slavery. In this crisis it was meet that Massachusetts, so largely partaking of the common glory in the past--Massachusetts, whereMassachusetts, where the first blood for American liberty had been shed — should rise superior to the convulsions of the hour, and give an earnest at least that the spirit of conciliati
Vice President for the term commencing on the 4th of March, 1861, and it is made my duty under the constitution, to open the certificates of election in the presence of the two Houses; and I now proceed to the performance of that duty. Vice President Breckinridge then opened the package containing the electoral vote of Maine, and handed it to the tellers, when the certificate thereof was read, the Secretary of the Senate making a note thereof. The electoral votes of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, and New York were similarly disposed of. Senator Douglas suggested, and no objection was made, that the formal part of the certificates, and the names of the electors, be omitted from the reading. The reading of the vote of South Carolina was productive of good-humored excitement. The reading of all the electoral votes having been completed, the tellers reported the result: Whereupon the Vice President, rising, said: Abraham Lincoln, of
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 57.--a proclamation.-by the President of the United States. (search)
be met as soon as practicable by an officer or officers to muster it into service and pay of the United States. At the same time the oath of fidelity to the United States will be administered to every officer and man. The mustering officers will be instructed to receive no man under the rank of commissioned officer, who is in years apparently over 45 or under 18, or who is not in physical strength and vigor. The quota for each State is as follows: Maine1 New Hampshire1 Vermont1 Massachusetts2 Rhode Island1 Connecticut1 New York17 New Jersey4 Pennsylvania16 Delaware1 Tennessee2 Maryland4 Virginia3 North Carolina2 Kentucky4 Arkansas1 Missouri4 Ohio13 Indiana6 Illinois6 Michigan1 Iowa1 Minnesota1 Wisconsin1 It is ordered that each regiment shall consist, on an aggregate of officers and men, of 780. The total thus to be called out is 73,391. The remainder to constitute the 75,000 men under the President's proclamation will be composed of troops in the
Brown have advised that the Rhode Island and Massachusetts volunteers (who were delayed at President Street) be returned to Philadelphia. It is also understood that no more troops will be carried by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.--Baltimore Clipper, extra, April 19. The rattlesnake's Fangs. The eighty-sixth anniversary of the fight at Lexington was signalized, at Baltimore yesterday, by the first blood shed north of Charleston in the great Pro-Slavery Disunion Rebellion. The Massachusetts soldiery passing quietly and inoffensively through that city, in obedience to the orders of their Government, were assaulted by a vast Disunion mob, which first obstructed the Railroad, then blocked up the streets through which they were compelled to march, and passing rapidly from hooting and yelling to throwing showers of paving-stones, they at last wore out the patience of the troops by shooting three of them dead, and wounding several others, when the soldiers fired back, and stretch
Doc. 70.--correspondence between Gov. Andrew and Mayor Brown. Baltimore, April 20, 1861. The Hon. John A. Andrew, Governor of Massachusetts: Sir:--No one deplores the sad events of yester-day in this city more deeply than myself, but they were inevitable. Our people viewed the passage of armed troops to another State through the streets as an invasion of our soil, and could not be restrained. The authorities exerted themselves to the best of their ability, but with only partial snor: To His Honor Geo. W. Brown, Mayor of Baltimore: dear Sir:--I appreciate your kind attention to our wounded and our dead, and trust that at the earliest moment the remains of our fallen will return to us. I am overwhelmed with surprise that a peaceful march of American citizens over the highway to the defence of our common capital should be deemed aggressive to Baltimoreans. Through New York the march was triumphal. John A. Andrew, Governor of Massachusetts. --Evening Post.
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 71.--departure of the New York Seventh Regiment. (search)
gence that the Seventh Regiment, the crack Regiment, the almost adored military body of New York; would leave for Washington, created an excitement scarcely surpassed by any-thing that has transpired since the first news of the attack on Fort Sumter. Although it was announced that 8 P. M. was the time for the assembling of the Regiment at their Armory, over Tompkins Market, Broadway was the scene of gathering for hundreds of people long before noon. The march of the second instalment of Massachusetts troops,. early in the forenoon, was but an incentive to their patriotism. If they had to wait many hours, as indeed they had, they were prepared to stand on the tip-toe of expectation till their favorite Regiment passed, even if nightfall came. The aspect of Broadway was very gay indeed. Minus the firing of pistols and the explosion of Chinese crackers, it was many Fourth-of-Julys rolled into one. The Stars and Stripes were everywhere, from the costliest silk, twenty, thirty, forty f
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 72.--the Eighth Regiment of Massachusetts. (search)
Doc. 72.--the Eighth Regiment of Massachusetts. The staff officers of the Regiment are as follows: Timothy Monroe of Lynn, Colonel; Edward W. Hinks of Lynn, Lieutenant-Colonel; Andrew Elwell of Gloucester, Major; C. M. Merritt of Lynn, Sergeassive hickory staff. He addressed the commandant of the 8th Regiment as follows: Col. Monroe--Sir, you. are from Massachusetts; God bless you! Her sons everywhere are proud of her history, and, while her armies are commanded by such officers as are now at their head, we have faith in her future. As a son of Massachusetts, I beg to present this standard as a token of my appreciation of the cause in which you are engaged. I confide it to your keeping. Stand by it. Col. Monroe responded with the following appropriate and eloquent remarks; As a son of Massachusetts, I receive it from a son of her soil, and I will defend it, God help me. The cheering which followed was deafening--nine cheers were proposed and given for the
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