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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kansas, (search)
s of scholarship. He cannot open his mouth, but out there flies a blunder. Surely he ought to be familiar with the life of Franklin; and yet he referred to this household character,, while acting agent of our fathers in England, as above suspicion; and this was done that he might give a point to a false contrast with the agent of Kansas—not knowing that, however they may differ in genius and fame, in this experience they are alike: that Franklin, when intrusted with the petitions of Massachusetts Bay, was assaulted by a foul-mouthed speaker, where he could not be heard in defence, and denounced as a thief, even as the agent of Kansas has been assaulted on this floor, and denounced as a forger. And let not the vanity of the Senator be inspired by the parallel with the British statesman of that day; for it is only in hostility to freedom that any parallel can be recognized. But it is against the people of Kansas that the sensibilities of the Senator are particularly aroused. Com
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
le form of government and prospered. An Engglish company obtained a grant of territory on Massachusetts Bay and sent over John Endicott (q. v.), with 100 settlers, who seated themselves at Naumkeag,nwealths. The Body of liberties compiled by Mr. Ward was really the first constitution of Massachusetts Bay. In 1651 Roger Williams and John Clarke were appointed agents to seek in England a coers during the late troubles between royalty and the people. Charles II. Ancient map of Massachusetts Bay. dehanded the repeal of all laws contrary to his authority, the taking of an oath of alleg81 to 1686 Sir Edmund Andros, governor-general1686 to 1689 Thomas Hinkley1689 to 1692 Massachusetts Bay colony. Name.Term. John Endicott (acting)1629 to 1630 Matthew Cradock (did not serve) 1642 John Winthrop1642 to 1644 governors of the Massachusetts colonies— Continued. Massachusetts Bay colony. Name.Term. John Endicott1644 to 1645 Thomas Dudley1645 to 1646 John Winthrop16
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Minot, George Richards 1758-1802 (search)
Minot, George Richards 1758-1802 Jurist; born in Boston, Mass., Dec. 22, 1758; graduated at Harvard College in 1778; began law practice in Boston; became probate judge for Suffolk county in 1792; and was secretary of the convention which adopted the national Constitution. His publications include Eulogy on Washington; History of the Insurrection in Massachusetts in 1786; and Continuation of the Hutchinson's history of Massachusetts Bay from the year 1748, with an introductory sketch of events from its original settlement. He died in Boston, Mass., Jan. 2, 1802.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New England. (search)
red by Smith on the Atlantic coast, opposite Drake's New Albion, was, out of respect to that great navigator, called New England, or New Albion. It has been so called ever since. It includes the country from 20 miles east of the Hudson River and the eastern shores of Lake Champlain to the eastern boundary of the United States, and includes the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Vermont. Smith named the promontory at the north entrance to Massachusetts Bay Tragabigzanda, in compliment to a Turkish lady to whom he had been a slave in Constantinople. Prince Charles, however, in filial regard for his mother (Anne of Denmark), named it Cape Anne. Smith gave his name to a cluster of islands, which were afterwards named Isles of Shoals. These and other places, changed from names given by Smith, still retain their new names. The crime of Weymouth was repeated on this expedition. Captain Smith left Hunt, an avaricious and profligate man, to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York City (search)
e salvation of the rights and liberties of America depend, under God, on the firm union of its inhabitants in a vigorous prosecution of the measures necessary for its safety, and convinced of the necessity of preventing the anarchy and confusion which attend a dissolution of the powers of government, we, the freemen, freeholders, and inhabitants of —— being greatly alarmed at the avowed design of the ministry to raise a revenue in America, and shocked by the bloody scenes now acting in Massachusetts Bay, do, in the most solemn manner, resolve never to become slaves, and do associate, under all the ties of religion, honor, and love to our country, to adopt, and endeavor to carry into execution, whatsoever measures may be recommended by the Continental Congress or resolved upon by our provincial convention for the purpose of preserving our constitution and of opposing the several arbitrary acts of the British Parliament, until a reconciliation between Great Britain and America, on const
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Plymouth Declaration of rights. (search)
tals. The first article declared That no act, imposition, law, or ordinance be made or imposed upon us at present or to come but such as shall be enacted by the consent of the body of freemen or associates, or their representatives legally assembled; which is according to the free liberties of the freeborn people of England. The second article read: And for the well governing of this colony, it is also ordered that there be free elections annually of governor, deputy governor, and assistants by the vote of the freemen of this corporation. These and other fundamentals are dated 1636, and were revised in 1671. The style of enactment is: We, the associates of the colony of New Plimouth, coming hither as freeborn subjects of the kingdom of England, endowed with all and singular the privileges belonging to each, being assembled, do enact, etc. The seal adopted by the Plymouth Colony was called the Old colony seal, because Plymouth Colony was established before Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Shawmut (search)
Shawmut A peninsula with three hills which caused it to be called Tri-mountain, on which Boston was built, was discovered by the Pilgrims in 1621. A boat with ten men was sent to explore Massachusetts Bay. Towards the south they saw the blue hills from which the Indian name Massachusetts was derived. Two or three rivers entered the bay, and peninsulas jutted into it; and so attractive were its shores that the Pilgrims regretted they had not seated themselves there. When Winthrop and a large colony came (1630), they landed at Salem, and some of them settled at Charlestown. Sickness prevailed among them. Observing a fine spring of water on Shawmut, and believing its high ground to be more healthy than at Charlestown, Winthrop settled there and founded Boston (q. v. ).
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Slafter, Edmund Farwell 1816- (search)
Slafter, Edmund Farwell 1816- Author; born in Norwich, Vt., May 30, 1816; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1840, and took a course in Andover Theological Seminary; was ordained in the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1845; rector of St. John's, Boston, Mass., in 1846-53. Later he became register of the diocese of Massachusetts. His publications include Sir William Alexander and American Colonization; Voyages of the Northmen to America; John Checkly, or the evolution of religious tolerance in Massachusetts Bay; History and causes of incorrect latitudes as recorded in the journals of early writers, navigators, and explorers, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State sovereignty. (search)
rred their sovereignty, or any part of it, to whom was the transfer made? Not to the people of the United States in the aggregate, for there was no such political body. The articles of confederation in their front declared that each State retained its sovereignty, freedom, and independence; that could only mean the people in their organic character. In like manner the original constitution of Massachusetts declared: The people inhabiting the territory formerly called the Province of Massachusetts Bay do hereby solemnly and mutually agree with each other to form themselves into a free, sovereign, and independent body politic, or State, by the name of The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. In the debates of the convention which formed the Constitution, as they are found reported in Elliot's Debates, there is abundant proof that the men who prepared the instrument recognized sovereignty as belonging to the people of the individual States; that there was no purpose to transfer it to the f
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Thanksgiving day (search)
Thanksgiving day The first recorded public thanksgiving appointed by authority, in America, was proclaimed in Massachusetts Bay in 1831. Owing to the great scarcity of provisions and consequent menace of starvation, Feb. 22 was appointed to be observed as a fast-day. Before that time a long-expected vessel arrived, laden with provisions, and the fast-day was changed into one of thanksgiving. The practice was sometimes observed in New Netherland. Governor Kieft proclaimed a public thanksgiving, to be held in February, 1644, on account of a victory over the Indians; and again, in 1645, because of the conclusion of peace. Thanksgivings and fasts, sometimes general and sometimes partial, were appointed in the several colonies, and early in the Revolutionary War the Continental Congress adopted the practice. The days appointed during the war were as follows: Thursday, July 20, 1775; Friday, May 17, 1776; and another, to be fixed by the several States, ordered by resolution, Dec.
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