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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
legates present, representing all the States except Georgia and North Carolina; see below)......Monday, Sept. 5, 1774 [Peyton Randolph, of Virginia, president; Charles Thomson, secretary. Mr. Thomson remained secretary of the Continental Congress from its beginning to its close, 1774-89.] Delegates to the first Continental Congress. Delegates.State Represented.Credentials Signed. 1. Maj. John SullivanNew HampshireJuly 21, 1774 2. Col. Nathaniel Folsom 3. Hon. Thomas CushingMassachusetts Bay.June 17, 1774 4. John Adams 5. Samuel Adams 6. Robert Treat Paine 7. Hon. Stephen HopkinsRhode Island and Providence PlantationsAug. 10, 1774 8. Hon. Samuel Ward 9. Hon. Eliphalet DyerConnecticutJuly 13, 1774 10. Hon. Roger Sherman 11. Silas Deane 12. James DuaneCity and county of New York, and other counties in province of New York.July 28, 1774 13. Philip Livingston 14. John Jay 15. Isaac Low 16. John Alsop 17. John Herring 18. Simon Boerum 19. Henry Wisue
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Connecticut, (search)
piack (New Haven)......Oct. 25, 1639 [Theophilus Eaton chosen governor.] Milford and Guildford purchased of the Indians and settled......1639 [Laws founded upon and administered according to the Scriptures.] Settlement made at Saybrook by George Fenwick......1639 Fourteen capital laws of Connecticut enacted, founded on passages of Scripture......April 2, 1642 Boundary-line between Connecticut and Massachusetts first run by Woodward and Saffrey......1642 Colonies of Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven confederate under the name of the United Colonies of New England......May 19, 1643 Connecticut purchases of Col. George Fenwick the old Connecticut patent for £1,600, and assumes jurisdiction over the whole territory......1644 New London settled......1648 Governors and magistrates receive no salaries in Connecticut up to......1648 [Then the governor's salary was fixed at £ 30.] Governor Stuyvesant, of the New Netherlands, visits Hart
ender all prisoners and to make a lasting peace at Wells the following May......Nov. 29, 1690 Indians failing to meet President Danforth as agreed at Wells on May 1, he returns to York and sends a reinforcement to Wells. Shortly after their arrival they are attacked by 200 Indians, whom they repulse......June 9, 1691 Charter of William and Mary, or the Provincial charter, passes the seals and receives royal sanction, and the province of Maine is united with the royal province of Massachusetts Bay......Oct. 7, 1691 Two hundred Indians, led by Canadian French, assault York on the Agamenticus River. The inhabitants find shelter in the garrisoned houses and repulse the enemy, who retire after burning the town and killing and capturing about half of the people......Feb. 5, 1692 Eight representatives from Maine appear in the Massachusetts House of Representatives at its first session......June 8, 1692 Five hundred French and Indians under Burneffe attack Wells, defended by
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
and three Indians, explores the country about Massachusetts Bay......October, 1621 Fortune, a vessel of fif a place called Wessagusset (now Weymouth), on Massachusetts Bay, during the year ......1622 This colony, unf the Charles River, and every part thereof in Massachusetts Bay; and in length between the described breadth fips, bringing about 1,500 emigrants, arrive in Massachusetts Bay and at Plymouth during the year ......1630 nguished as Apostle to the Indians, arrives at Massachusetts Bay and becomes first teacher of the church at Roxcountry......1633 Salary of the governor of Massachusetts Bay fixed at £150......1633 Griffin brings 200 arter of Massachusetts......1683 Charter of Massachusetts Bay vacated in England......June 18, 1684 King he House of Representatives of the province of Massachusetts Bay......1762 Parliament subjects various articct for the better regulating the government of Massachusetts Bay, and the other, an act for the more impartial
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Westminster Abbey. (search)
notaph of pathetic interest. It is the only one raised by one of the United States of America, and it was placed here in honor of an English officer. It is the memorial erected by an order of the Great and General Court of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, Feb. 1, 1759, To Lord Viscount Howe, Brigadier-General of his Majesty's forces in North America, who was slain July 6, 1758, on the march of Ticonderoga, in the thirty-fourth year of his age; in testimony of the sense they had of his services and military virtues, and of the affection their officers and soldiers bore to his command. The figure which mourns over the hero's trophies and armorial bearings represents the genius of Massachusetts Bay. The sum voted by the province for the monument was £ 250. Howe was the idol of his soldiers, in all of whose hardships he shared. Among other anecdotes of him we are told that he cut his hair short like his men. He is buried at Albany, and many years after his interment, when his coff
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Weston, Thomas 1575-1624 (search)
ive member of the Plymouth Company, he sold out his interest in the affair and entered upon speculation on his own account. Sixty men, chiefly indentured servants, without women, were sent to the Plymouth colony to make a new and independent settlement not far away. They subsisted for two or three months on the bounty of the Plymouth people, and committed thefts and other crimes. Late in the year (1622) they established themselves at Wissagasset (now Weymouth), on the south shore of Massachusetts Bay, where they wasted their provisions and were reduced to great distress. They dispersed in small parties, begging or stealing from the Indians, who finally resolved to destroy the unwelcome intruders. At about that time Edward Winslow visited and healed the sick Massasoit, who, in gratitude, gave his healer warning of the plot. Winslow hastened back and laid the matter before the governor, when Captain Standish was sent with eight men, under the pretext of trade, to ascertain the t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wilson, James -1798 (search)
it; let us even suppose—for our cause admits of an excess of candor—that all their exaggerated accounts of it were confined strictly to the truth; what will follow? Will it follow that every British colony in America, or even the colony of Massachusetts Bay, or even the town of Boston in that colony, merits the imputation of being factious and seditious? Let the frequent mobs and riots that have happened in Great Britain upon much more trivial occasions shame our calumniators into silence. those venerable assemblies, whose proceedings formed such an accession to British liberty and British renown. We can be at no loss in resolving that the King cannot, by his prerogative, alter the charter or constitution of the colony of Massachusetts Bay. Upon what principle could such an exertion of prerogative be justified? On the acts of Parliament? They are already proved to be void. On the discretionary power which the King has of acting where the laws are silent? That power must
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wrecks. (search)
ican schooners lost at sea between Gloucester and St. George's Bank; forty-two lives lost......Dec. 26, 1885 Cunard steamer Oregon, from Liverpool to New York, run into by an unknown schooner, 18 miles east of Long Island; all the passengers (631) and crew (205) taken off in safety, the ship sinking eight hours afterwards......March 14, 1886 Three Atlantic steamers stranded in one day: the Persian Monarch on the Portland breakwater, the Cunard steamer Pavonia on High Pine Ledge, Massachusetts Bay, and the Beaver line steamer Lake Huron on Madame Island, 7 miles below Quebec; each owing to heavy fog......Oct. 29, 1886 German ship Elizabeth stranded near Dam Neck Mills, Va.; twenty-two lives lost......Jan. 8, 1887 American sloop yacht Mystery, on a. pleasure trip, capsizes off Barren Island, Jamaica Bay, N. Y.; twenty-five lives lost......July 10, 1887 American ship Alfred D. Snow stranded off coast of Ireland; thirty lives lost......Jan. 4, 1888 Steamer Vizcaya, from
aughter.] I hope he is as sound as his brother Moses. It is only twice as long ago as we have lived, I say, since these men of New England invented the greatest political discovery in the world — the confederation of republican states. The first confederation of republican states in America was the invention of New England. I have always admired and respected the people of New England for that great discovery, which, after having been put into successful operation in the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth, and Connecticut and NeW Haven, came ultimately, after having been sanctioned by the wisdom and experience of Dr. Franklin, to be adopted by the people of the thirteen British colonies on this continent, south of the St. Lawrence. It has been reserved for our day, and for this very hour, to see an innovation of another kind, of an opposite nature, by a portion of our countrymen residing south of the Potomac. The Yankees invented confederation. The people of South Caroli
tution was adopted in 1780, with a Bill of Rights prefixed, declaring that all men were born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential, and unalienable rights, among which is liberty. The Courts decided that under this Constitution slavery could not and did not exist. This was a very different process from that described by Mr. Davis. But were the slaves thus made free sold to the South ? Happily, that question may be answered. According to the census of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, taken in 1765, the colored population in 182 towns was 4,978. Dr. Jesse Chickering, in his Statistical View of the Population of Massachusetts, a work of the very highest authority, estimates that a number not exceeding 147 ought to be added for 16 towns from which there were no returns, and 74 for two towns where the returns did not specify color, making 5,199 in all. The next census was that of 1790. The table for Massachusetts reads thus:  Total Colored Population. 17655,199
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