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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 98 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition. 24 0 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 20 0 Browse Search
Charles A. Nelson , A. M., Waltham, past, present and its industries, with an historical sketch of Watertown from its settlement in 1630 to the incorporation of Waltham, January 15, 1739. 16 0 Browse Search
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 1. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier) 10 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 8 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, A book of American explorers 8 0 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 8 0 Browse Search
The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman) 8 0 Browse Search
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2 8 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition.. You can also browse the collection for Massachusetts Bay (Massachusetts, United States) or search for Massachusetts Bay (Massachusetts, United States) in all documents.

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of State, 7 Feb. 1767, and 21 Feb. 1767. The House resented the lust of power, manifested by his intrusion into an elective body of which he had not been chosen a member. Answer of the House, 31 Jan. 1767, in Bradford, 104; and Letter from the House to Dennys De Berdt, 16 March, 1767 The Council, by a unanimous vote, denied his pretensions. The language of the Charter was too explicit to admit of a doubt; Opinion of the Attorney General in England, cited in a Minute relative to Massachusetts Bay, 1767. yet Bernard, as the accomplice of Hutchinson, urged the interposition of the central Government. Men feared more and more the system which Feb Paxton had gone to mature. With unshaken confidence in Hawley, Otis, and Samuel Adams, Freeborn American, in Boston Gazette, 9 March, 1767. they scanned with increasing jealousy every measure that Chap. Xxviii} 1767. Feb. could imply their consent to British taxation. They inquired if more troops were expected; and when the Gov
dispute could not become serious while he remained in the Ministry. The Lieutenant Governor, in spite of his want of an election, had taken a seat in the Council, pleading the Charter as his warrant for doing so; but the Attorney General in England, to whom the case was referred, gave his opinion that the right could not be claimed by virtue of any thing contained in the Charter or the Constitution of the Province. Opinion of the Attorney General, quoted in the Minute relative to Massachusetts Bay, 1767. Bernard wished to control the election of Councillors; and gave out that by the use of his veto, he would always keep places open for Hutchinson and Oliver. Bernard's Letters on the Rejection of Hutchinson and Oliver; but particularly, Bernard to Shelburne, 6 June, 1767. The menace was a violation of the spirit of the Constitution; its only effect was to preserve two perpetual vacancies in the Council. The Council itself Bernard advised to alter from an elective body t
ement; Franklin's Writings, IV. 527. The Rise and Progress of the Differences between Great Britain and her American Colonies. and he took his opin- Chap. XXXIV.} 1768. July. ions from Bernard. That favorite Governor was now promising the Council of Massachusetts, that if they would omit to discuss the question of the power of Parliament, he would support their Petition for relief. The Council followed the advice, See Proceedings of the Governor and Council of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, for June 30, 1768, July 7, 1768, and the Petition of the Council to the King. If it should appear to your majesty, that it is not for the benefit of Great Britain and her colonies (over which your paternal care is conspicuous), that any revenue should be drawn from the colonies, we humbly implore your majesty's gracious recommendation to Parliament, that your American subjects may be relieved from the operation of the several Acts made for that purpose, &c. &c. See Appendix to Letter
Oct. 1768, in Letters to Hillsborough, 126. Lieut. Colonel Dalrymple to Commodore Hood, 4-5 Oct. 1768. and to take the whole upon himself, without the presence of a civil officer. As if they were come to an enemy's country, Council of Massachusetts Bay to Hillsborough, 15 April, 1769. Letters, &c. eight ships of war with tenders were placed by the wharfs, with loaded cannon, and springs on their cables, so that they commanded the town; after this, the fourteenth and twenty-ninth regimentng universal circulation, just as intelligence was received of the proceedings of the town of Boston relative to the proposed convention. From their votes, it was inferred that the troops would be opposed, should they attempt to land; that Massachusetts Bay, if not all the Colonies, must henceforward be considered as in a state of actual rebellion, and measures were concerting to rely upon superiority in arms, and to support authority in America, at all hazards. Depend upon it, said Hillsboro
ings were done, and were done tranquilly and modestly, without a thought of the glory that was their due. Jefferson's Autobiography in his Writings, i. 4. Had the Ancient Dominion been silent, I will not say that Massachusetts might have faltered; but mutual trust would have been wanting. American freedom was more prepared by courageous counsel than by successful war. The Assembly had but one mind, and their Resolves were the Act of Virginia. Had they been framed by the leaders in Massachusetts Bay themselves, they could not have been better adapted to Chap. XL.} 1769. May. vindicate their past proceedings, and to encourage them to perseverance. Hutchinson's Hist. of Massachusetts, III. 233. The next morning the Assembly had just time to adopt an Address to the King, when the Governor, having heard of what he called the abominable measure, Botetourt to Hillsborough, 19 May, 1769. summoned them and said: I have heard of your Resolves, and augur ill of their effects;
Chapter 45: Martial law introduced into Massachusetts.—Hillsbo-rough's Administration of the Colonies continued. July—October, 1770. greater joy was never shown than prevailed in CHAP XLV.} 1770. July. London at the news that America was resuming commercial intercourse. The occasion invited corresponding concessions, which Lord North would have willingly made; but the majority of his colleagues had been led to consider the state of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay more desperate than ever; State of the Disorders Confusion and Misgovernment, &c. &c. and on the sixth of July the King in Council gave an order, making a beginning of Martial Law within that Province, and preparing the way for closing the Port of Boston. Hutchinson paid court by acting in the same spirit; and in July once more summoned the Legislature to Cambridge. For this repeated wrong to the public service of the Colony, he continued to offer no other excuse than the King's will. The highest advoca
tors be sacrificed to the rage of the people whom they had deluded. Hutchinson to Secretary John Pownall, 21 July, 1772; in Remembrancer, 1776, II. 57. The Secretary, on his Aug. part, was proceeding with eager haste to carry Townshend's system into effect; and on the seventh of August, he announced, that the King, with the entire concurrence of Lord North, Compare Hillsborough to Hutchinson, 6 June, 1772. had made provision for the support of his law servants in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. Hillsborough to Lords of Trade, 27 July, 1772, and to Hutchinson, 7 August, 1772. It was almost a special provision for Hutchinson's family. It marks the character of the people, that this act, constituting judges, who held their offices at the King's pleasure, stipendiaries of the Crown, was selected as the crisis Chap. XLVII.} 1772. Aug. of revolution. Meantime Hillsborough was left with few supporters except the herd of flatterers who had soothed his vanity, and by their m
oever, as essential to the dignity of the Crown, and a right appertaining to the State, which it was his duty to preserve entire and inviolate; that he, therefore, could not but be greatly displeased with the Petitions and Remonstrance in which that right was drawn into question; but that he imputed the unwarrantable doctrines held forth in the said Petitions and Remonstrance, to the artifices of a few. Dartmouth to Dr. Franklin, Agent for the late Representatives of the Province of Massachusetts Bay; Whitehall, 2 June, 1778. Dartmouth to Hutchinson, same date. All this while, Lord Dartmouth had a true desire to see lenient measures adopted towards the Colonies, Grafton's Autobiography. not being in the least aware, that he was drifting with the Cabinet Chap. XLIX.} 1773. May. towards the very system of coercion against which he gave the most public and the most explicit pledges. In America men began to prepare for extreme measures. Charles Lee, a British Officer on half
and subdue. At the meeting of the Commons, on the twenty-eighth, Lord North asked leave to bring in a Bill for regulating the government of the Province of Massachusetts Bay On this occasion, Lord George Germain showed him- Chap. LII.} 1774. March self anxious to take a lead. I wish, said he, to see the Council of that countrwere hoisted on deck and emptied into the slip. America had chosen her part, so too had the British Ministry. The second penal Bill for the Government of Massachusetts Bay, which was introduced into Parliament on the twenty-eighth, without any hearing or any notice to the Province, abrogated so much of its Charter as gave to itnd recommended by the King, transferred the place of trial of any magistrates, Revenue officers, or soldiers, indicted for murder or other capital offence in Massachusetts Bay, to Nova Scotia King to Lord North, on Dartmouth's Scruples. or Great Britain. As Lord North brought forward this wholesale Bill of indemnity to the Gove