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ame. A history of the military operations of the troops raised in the State of Mississippi during the war of the Confederacy should embrace their operations withinit is proper to make a brief statement of the reasons which impelled the State of Mississippi to dissolve her connection with the Federal government, as expressed in nly by its own ratification. So, when the rights and liberties of the State of Mississippi and other Southern States were invaded by unlawful conspiracies and combcauses of the war, I proceed to show, in detail, the civil action of the State of Mississippi and the history of the troops in the field. The reasons that moved Miof the confederacy. Official returns of the vote for governor of the State of Mississippi, at an election held on the first Monday of October, 1859, as opened andon of the Immediate Causes which induce and justify the Secession of the State of Mississippi from the Federal Union. In the momentous step which our State has tak
ippi, after Johnston's line had been cut in two on the Tennessee river. Under his orders Columbus was evacuated March 2d, and the Confederate defense of the upper Mississippi was to be made at Island No.10 and New Madrid. General Daniel Ruggles was called to Corinth, and General Bragg was put in command in Northern Mississippi. Northern Mississippi. Depots of supplies were established at Columbus and Grenada, where martial law was put in force March 30th, and subsistence was ordered to be collected at Jackson, Corinth and Iuka, and Grand Junction, Tenn. General Johnston reorganized at Murfreesboro what was left of the force lately at Bowling Green, with the remnants of Zong March and the early days of April, the first great Confederate army outside of Virginia. It defended a line which was practically the north line of the State of Mississippi, extending from the Mississippi to the Tennessee rivers. The greater river was still held by the garrisons extending up to the north line of Tennessee, an
at Jackson, in March, 1863, in an editorial: The subsistence, the clothing and the camp equipage for a tremendous army have been exclusively drawn from the State of Mississippi, and this too, when several of her most populous and productive counties have been under the control of the enemy. Mississippi manufacturers have made neady recognized the devotion and loyalty of the women of the State to the cause in the following resolution, adopted January 28, 1862: That the women of the State of Mississippi, for their exertions in behalf of the cause of Southern Independence, are entitled to the hearty thanks of every lover of his country; and this legislaturevictorious. Many prisoners were taken and much cotton and railroad property destroyed. For about two months from this date there was little activity in northeast Mississippi, except in the way of raids and expeditions. Brig.-Gen. Frank C. Armstrong, chief of cavalry of Price's army, brought that arm of the service in Mississip
ttalion. The flag that was captured on that day from Company A, Capt. B. Curran, was returned to him by Col. John B. Healy, Ninth Connecticut, with public ceremonies, during the Columbian exposition at Chicago. Deason marched on Biloxi, found it abandoned, and was then ordered to rendezvous his regiment at Pass Christian; but it was soon withdrawn to New Orleans, where it remained until the city was evacuated. In March, 1862, the combined naval and military expedition against the lower Mississippi defenses was ready to move. Commodore Farragut had a formidable fleet in the passes, and General Butler, who arrived at Ship Island March 21st, embarked 6,000 men on the 29th to support the naval attack. After a five days bombardment of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Farragut passed the forts April 24th, and took possession of New Orleans, while the remainder of his fleet compelled the surrender of the forts. The garrison of New Orleans had been stripped of troops for the military o
e bridge Grant's campaign on the Central railroad invasion from Arkansas Forrest in West Tennessee Van Dorn at Holly Springs President Davis Visits Mississippi Sherman defeated at Chickasaw Bayou. We will now turn to the field in Northeast Mississippi, where General Price, at Tupelo, confronted Grant and Rosecrans at Corinth. On July 27-29th, Lee, a Kansas colonel, with 400 cavalry, made a raid from Rienzi to Ripley, captured three Confederates and arrested Judge Thompson and the pod to send troops across the Mississippi against Grenada. The combination was a formidable one, and contemplated the concentration of about 100,000 men for the purpose of capturing Vicksburg, and in fact securing possession of the whole of northern Mississippi. Pemberton had a very small force to oppose this gigantic combination, and he made urgent calls for reinforcements as early as October, when it became apparent what was on foot. Grant was at La Grange, Tenn., November 9th, and a cava
aid of the army which had met defeat at Chickasaw Bayou the forces he had withdrawn from northern Mississippi. The Federal commander reported that the defenders of Vicksburg had thoroughly fortifiline of the Yazoo. During these early months of 1863, there had been frequent raids in northern Mississippi from the Federal posts in Tennessee and Corinth, and to meet such inroads, the ConfederatBlack river, and hold the approaches west of the river. Three days later Farragut, in the lower Mississippi, attempted to run the batteries at Port Hudson, but got only two boats through and lost onde was also sent to Jackson. These additions probably increased the fighting strength in northern Mississippi on May 1st to 40,000 men, according to the returns. On April 5th, General Stevenson rems as far as Greensburg, La. During the same period General Chalmers was occupied in northwestern Mississippi with an infantry expedition from Memphis, under Col. George E. Bryant, Twelfth Wisconsi
ver. During the siege of Vicksburg there had been various raids and reconnoissances in northern Mississippi from the Federal posts in Tennessee and at Corinth. General Chalmers was also active in ederal loss was heavy including Colonel Hatch—who had been conspicuous for a long time in Northern Mississippi raids—severely wounded. In the meantime Colonel Slemons had burned the railroad trestle hatchie for the purpose of organizing his men and preparing for that brilliant defense of Northern Mississippi which confirmed his fame as one of the greatest generals of the age. At the close of 1 Jackson, and then included Colonel Pinson's regiment. Ferguson's brigade, operating in northeast Mississippi, included the Twelfth cavalry, Col. W. M. Inge, and later was assigned to Jackson's divi to purchase hogs within the enemy's lines. Col. Frank P. Powers, commanding cavalry in southwest Mississippi, reported that trade in cotton was being carried on between Confederate citizens and sol
remained in charge of operations in the eastern Mississippi valley. Sherman, he said, had gone dowacked; and he repeatedly suggested that northern Mississippi be selected as the Confederate base of ty to raise troops in west Tennessee and north Mississippi. On February 5th he reported that he brh, Forrest being assigned to command in northern Mississippi and west Tennessee; and Lee in southernt remained in command of the cavalry in northern Mississippi. During May the brigade of Mississippia Grange to enter Forrest's country, as northern Mississippi had come to be called in the Federal cas, all that can be done shall be done in north Mississippi to drive the enemy back. I have orderedect. Will the retreat of the enemy from North Mississippi enable you to come with any of your forcJ. D. Stewart, chief of ordnance of the State of Mississippi, which throws light upon the efforts ofiod there was some Federal activity in southwest Mississippi, in the district commanded by Hodge, a[2 more...]
rigade, was ordered to Mobile. On February 3d, Gen. Marcus J. Wright was assigned by General Forrest to command of north Mississippi and west Tennessee, and south Mississippi and east Louisiana were put under charge of Gen. Wirt Adams. General Chalsouth Mississippi and east Louisiana were put under charge of Gen. Wirt Adams. General Chalmers was assigned to the command of all Mississippi cavalry, to be known as Chalmers' division, and the Tennessee and other cavalry were consolidated under Gen. W. H. Jackson. The Mississippi cavalry commands were organized as follows: Gen. F. C. Confederacy which will be attacked by the enemy. Early in March a cavalry brigade marched from Memphis through northern Mississippi, traversing the theatre of the former bloody contests without opposition, though closely watched by part of Forresg to deduce something like an approximate estimate of the total strength and losses of the troops furnished by the State of Mississippi. * * * Whole number in service78,000 Total loss from all causes59,250 —— Balance accounted for8, 750 An
Colonel Charles E. Hooker, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 12.2, Mississippi (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Biographical. (search)
tillery in the battle of Corinth. In the campaign in north Mississippi, both before and after Shiloh, he was ever on the moveater part of his service during 1862 and 1863 was in north Mississippi and middle Tennessee. On the 11th of May, 1864, he r Mississippi regiment. Going through the campaign in north Mississippi and in Kentucky, we find him just before the battle oe of Shiloh. When Bragg was conducting operations in north Mississippi he sent Chalmers with a force of cavalry to make a fellow and in all the brilliant campaigns of Forrest in north Mississippi, west Tennessee and Kentucky, as well as in the Tenneth was at the beginning of the war treasurer of the State of Mississippi. At the first call of his State he responded readye April 3, 1862. After more than a year's service in north Mississippi and Tennessee he was promoted to brigadier-general, Oed colonel December 11, 1862. The regiment served in north Mississippi, and took a gallant part in the defeat of Sherman at