ederate armies in a campaign in Belgium in 1861-1865, and that the Federal commander had accepted battle on the field of Waterloo and taken up the line of defense adopted by Wellington.
He would not have compressed sixtyseven thousand six hundred and sixty-one
Number of English troops engaged at Waterloo. men in battle lines within a space of two miles on the Wavre road, on a slope void of intrenchments.
The chateau of Hougoumont and its inclosures might have been strongly occupied to add iench) been tactically formed like the Emperor's.
The battle of Gettysburg was fought forty-eight years after that of Waterloo.
A comparison of the two strikingly shows the changes in the art of war in a halfcentury only.
There was a similarity of purpose on the part of Lee on the third day's encounter at Gettysburg and the French emperor at Waterloo.
The sun rises in Belgium in June at 3.48 A. M., in Pennsylvania in July at 4.30 A. M. Napoleon, at 11.30 A. M., ordered Reille, on his left,