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H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia., Chapter 11: army organization.—Artillery.—Its history and organization, with a brief Notice of the different kinds of Ordnance, the Manufacture of Projectiles, &c. (search)
lliers. The first cannon were invented in the early part of the fourteenth century, or, perhaps, among the Arabs as early as the middle of the thirteenth century, but they were not much known in Europe till about 1350. Cannon are said to have been employed by the Moors as early as 1249, and by the French in 1338. The English used artillery at the battle of Crecy in 1346. Both cannon and the ancient projectile machines were employed at the siege of Aiguillon in 1339, at Zara in 1345, at Rennes in 1357, and at Naples in 1380. At this last siege the ancient balista was employed to throw into the castle of Naples barrels of infectious matter and mutilated limbs of prisoners of war. We read of the same thing being done in Spain at a later period. Cannon in France were at first called bombards and couleuverines, but were afterwards named from certain figures marked on them, such as serpentines, basilisks, scorpions, &c. In the infancy of the art they were made small, weighing only
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Armand, Charles Teffin, Marquis de la Rouarie, (search)
Armand, Charles Teffin, Marquis de la Rouarie, French military officer; born near Rennes, in 1756; came to America in 1777, and entered the Continental army as a volunteer. He received the commission of colonel, and commanded a small corps, to which was attached a company of cavalry who acted as the police of camps. He was an exceedingly active officer, and was highly esteemed by Washington. In February. 1780, his corps was incorporated with that of Pulaski, who was killed at Savannah a few months before. In March, 1783, his services throughout the war from 1777 were recognized, and he was created a brigadier-general. Returning to France, he took part in the Revolution there, and was for a time a prisoner in the Bastile. The execution of Louis XVI. gave such a shock to his nervous system that he sank under it and died, Jan. 30, 1793.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hilliard d'auberteuil, Michel Rene 1751-1785 (search)
Hilliard d'auberteuil, Michel Rene 1751-1785 Author; born in Rennes, France, Jan. 31, 1751; was a lawyer in Santo Domingo, and during the Revolutionary War visited the United States. He was the author of Historical and political essays on the Anglo-Americans; History of the administration of Lord North, from 1770 until 1782, in the War of North America, etc. He died in Santo Domingo, W. I., in 1785.
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, chapter 14 (search)
n to return in the autumn a well man. From Havre, late in the month, he made an excursion through Normandy and Brittany, taking in Trouville, Caen, Bayeux, St. Lo, Coutances, Granville, Avranches, Pontorson, Mont St. Michel, St. Malo, Dinan, and Rennes, and other places on return, travelling partly by private carriage and partly by diligence. His companion as far as Rennes, whose acquaintance he had made at Bains Frascati, was an English youth, since well known as poet and novelist, Mr. HamiltRennes, whose acquaintance he had made at Bains Frascati, was an English youth, since well known as poet and novelist, Mr. Hamilton Aide. Mr. Aide wrote in his journal:— The longer I am with Charles Sumner the more I find to esteem and admire. . . . His mode of speech is too deliberate, and in his desire to be complete in his analysis or description he is sometimes lengthy; but what comes from him is always worth consideration, even when one feels most disposed to dissent from his views. ... Nothing needs encouragement more than the habit of exercising the thews and sinews of the mind as we do, or should do, those o
remen's Insurance company of Baltimore, died on Tuesday last. Margaret Baer, a young girl, was shot dead in the continental Theatre, Philadelphia, Monday night, by her lover, from whom she had become estranged. Gen. McDowell (of Bull Run notoriety) is ordered to California to take charge of that department. Buckingham (Rep.) has been elected Governor of Connecticut by about 10,000 majority. John James Appleton, of Mass., formerly U. S. charge to Madrid, died lately in Rennes, France. Lieutenant-General Grant has returned to Washington from Fortress Monroe. J. Wilkes Booth is playing a star engagement at the St. charles Theatre, New Orleans. The New York State canals are to be opened on the 30th of April. Rev. Dr. Bellows, of New York, founder of "Every body's church," has sailed for California. Butler had a review of his negro troops at Newport News last week for the benefit of Gen. Grant. Gold was quoted in New York Monday, the 4th, as clo