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Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.), Note on intrenched camps. (search)
would have well sufficed, guarded by a ditch like the Danube! For the rest, the interesting notice of Captain Allard upon those towers, proves that they are well conceived for obtaining the greatest possible fire, upon the whole periphery of attack with a small number of artillerists, although there is a manifest error in the enumeration which he has made of them. In mountainous places like Genoa, (where they are employed for the first time upon a different model,) as well as Besancon, Grenoble, Lyons, Befort, Briancon, Verona, Prague, Salsburg, and the forts covering the gorges of mountains, they would be valuable. With regard to the trace of the camp which seems somewhat extensive, the space of from eighteen to twenty thousand yards, to be garnished completely upon a single line with a reserve, would require a hundred and fifty battalions at least; but it would rarely, occur that both banks would require to be defended at the same time, the same also of the side along the Danub
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia., Chapter 3: Fortifications.Their importance in the defence of States proved by numerous historical examples (search)
ed. For a frontier of moderate extent there may be some six or eight gorges in the mountains by which an army might penetrate; but it will always be found that these roads concentrate on two or three points in the great valleys below. Take, for example, the frontier of France towards Switzerland and Italy. The passes of the mountains are secured by the little works of Fort L'Ecluse, Fort Pierre-chatel, Fort Barraux, Briancon, Mont Dauphin, Colmars, Entrevaux, and Antibes; while Besancon, Grenoble, and Toulon, form a second line; and Lyons a grand central depot. Where a great river or chain of lakes forms the boundary of a state, the system of defence will be much the same as that of an open land frontier, the works of the first line being made to secure the great bridges or ferries by which the enemy might effect a passage; those of the second line, to cover the passes of the highlands that generally approach more or less near the great watercourse; and those of the third line, f
d forty miles in a little more than twelve hours In 1814, Napoleon's army marched at the rate of ten leagues a day, besides fighting a battle every twenty-four hours. Wishing to form a junction with other troops, for the succor of Paris, he marched his army the distance of seventy-five niles in thirty-six hours; the cavalry marching night and day, and the infantry travelling en poste. On his return from Elba, in 1815, his guards marched fifty miles tie first day after landing; reached Grenoble through a rough and mountainous country, a distance of two hundred miles, in six days, and reached Paris, a distance of six hundred miles, in less than twenty days! The marches of the allied powers, during the wars of the French Revolution, were much less rapid than those of the armies of Napoleon. Nevertheless, for a single day the English and Spaniards have made some of the most extraordinary marches on record. In 1809, on the day of the battle of Talavera, General Crawford, fearin
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia., Chapter 11: army organization.—Artillery.—Its history and organization, with a brief Notice of the different kinds of Ordnance, the Manufacture of Projectiles, &c. (search)
anies of canoniers were created, and soon after two companies of bombardiers. In 1693 the first regiment of fusiliers was changed into a royal regiment of artillery, and both the canoniers and bombardiers were eventually incorporated with it. The staff of artillery, towards the close of this reign, was composed of one grand-master, sixty lieutenants, sixty commissaries, and eighty) oficiers-pointeurs. In 1721 the artillery was divided into five battal-ions and stationed at Metz, Strasbourg, Grenoble, Perpignan, and La Fere, where they established schools of theory and practice. In 1756 the artillery was organized into seven regiments, each regiment having its own separate school. This organization continued without any remarkable change till the Revolution. During the earlier campaigns of the French Revolution it is impossible to trace out the changes that took place in army organization, every thing was then so irregular and confused, the troops of different arms being frequently
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Biard, Peter, 1565-1622 (search)
Biard, Peter, 1565-1622 Missionary; born in Grenoble, France, in 1565; came to America as a missionary priest of the Jesuits in 1611(; ascended the Kennebec River, and made friends with the natives in 1612; went up the Penobscot River and started a mission among the natives there in the following year; and soon afterwards founded a colony on \Mount Desert Island, which was destroyed by Samuel, Argall (q. v.). In this attack by the English Biard was taken prisoner, and the act was one of the earliest causes of the hostilities between the colonists in America from France and England. Father Biard was author of Relations de la nouvelle France, which was the first work in the historical series known as the Jesuit relations. He died in France in 1622.
ridges in the world. Widest Arch. Name.River.Place.Number of Arches.Span.Rise.Curve.Architect.Date. Ft. In.Ft. In. Washington AqueductCabin John CreekMaryland1220 090 0SegmentMeigs1861 ChesterDeeChester200 042 0SegmentHarrison1820 Vielle BriondeAllierBrionde1183 370 3SegmentGrennier1454 UlmDanubeUlm181 222 3SegmentWiebeking1806 Castle VecchioAdigeVerona159 1055 3EllipseUnknown1354 LavourAgontLavour159 1064 8EllipseSager1775 LondonThamesLondon5152 029 6EllipseRennie1832 ClaixDracGrenoble150 262 3SegmentUnknown1611 AlmaSeineParis141 028 0EllipseDe la Gourniere1857 Pont y PryddTaafGlamorgan1140 035 0SegmentEdwards1755 NeuillySeineNear Paris5127 1031 10EllipsePeronnet1774 MantesSeineMantes3127 1038 3EllipsePeronnet1765 WaterlooThamesLondon9120 032 0EllipseRennie1816 Blackfriars (Old)ThamesLondon9100 041 6EllipseMylne1771 RialtoCanalVenice96 1020 7SegmentAntonia del Ponte1591 JenaSeineParis91 610 9SegmentLamande1815 Ponte MoloTiberRome77 338 10SemicircleUnknown100B C.
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 1, Chapter 11: Paris.—its schools.—January and February, 1838.—Age, 27. (search)
ntleman's arm to walk across the room. I think they were more neglected at this soiree than ladies are with us. They sat on the sofas, almost entirely by themselves; and at the latter part of the evening another room was opened, and they went in to get some confitures, I think, a whole troop, with scarcely a single gentleman. Among the gentlemen I met here was M. Pellat, Charles Auguste Pellat,—a learned commentator on the Roman Law, and dean of the Law Faculty, 1847-1868,—was born at Grenoble in 1793. the professor who lectures on the Pandects at the École de Droit, and with whom I had considerable conversation; and another gentleman, whose name I do not recollect, who has just published a work upon the establishments for Enfants Trouves in Europe. Several others I was introduced to, and conversed with, but cannot remember their names. De Gerando was so kind as to authorize me to use him in any way in which he could be of service. He expressed a great interest in Dr. Channing
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, chapter 14 (search)
gs, which is at times sadly disabled. For this I am to have galvanism. You will see that I have powerful weapons against the enemy. At the middle of August he tried his strength by an excursion to Brittany. On his return Dr. Brown-Sequard thought of applying fire again, but desisted, fearing that another application would interfere with the baths which were to follow. Shortly after, Sumner left Paris for Aix-les-Bains, taking on the way Orleans and Bourges with their cathedrals, and Grenoble and the Grande Chartreuse. From Chambery he visited the house and burial-place of Madame de Warens, Rousseau's friend. His search for them is related in his letter to Longfellow, September 15. The mineral springs of Aix—aluminous and sulphurous, and issuing from the earth with a temperature as high as one can bear—have been sought from the time of the Romans for the cure of rheumatism and other diseases. The establishment has been much changed since 1858, being enlarged after the cess
eceives frequently, through a mysterious voice, revelations from the Mother of God. Moreover, the sixteen confessors which she has had in succession all confirmed her in her belief that she was supernaturally endowed. In 1856 she was sent by the Lady Superior of St. Thomas to the shrine of Our Lady of La Salette, whither she said she was called by supernatural voices. The reverend fathers of LaSalette, who examined her state, were so much struck with it that they applied to the Bishop of Grenoble to have her placed under the direction of the Abbe Bouland, a priest well known for his theological learning. He was a doctor of divinity, the author of several cannonical works, exe superior of a fraternity at Strasburg, and the founder of the religious periodical, the Roster de Marie, in which for three years he had been the principal writer. With such qualifications he was considered as a man especially fitted to appreciate the nature of the mission of the young prophetess. The Ab