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P. Ovidius Naso, Metamorphoses (ed. Arthur Golding) 32 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 24 4 Browse Search
Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques, and Discoveries of the English Nation 12 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 5 3 Browse Search
James Parton, Horace Greeley, T. W. Higginson, J. S. C. Abbott, E. M. Hoppin, William Winter, Theodore Tilton, Fanny Fern, Grace Greenwood, Mrs. E. C. Stanton, Women of the age; being natives of the lives and deeds of the most prominent women of the present gentlemen 4 0 Browse Search
Historic leaves, volume 2, April, 1903 - January, 1904 4 2 Browse Search
C. Suetonius Tranquillus, The Lives of the Caesars (ed. Alexander Thomson) 4 0 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 1 4 0 Browse Search
C. Suetonius Tranquillus, The Lives of the Caesars (ed. Alexander Thomson) 2 0 Browse Search
Charles E. Stowe, Harriet Beecher Stowe compiled from her letters and journals by her son Charles Edward Stowe 2 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for Lyons (France) or search for Lyons (France) in all documents.

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on another course or layer of tiles, and similar operations to the first took place. The bricks or tiles used were 21 inches in length, 12 inches in breadth, and 1 1/2 inches in thickness. The whole of the water conduit was coated with cement; at bottom, its thickness was 6 inches, at the sides 1 1/2 inches. 24 inches from the bottom of the canal, at distances of 30 inches apart, the side walls were stayed with iron ties to prevent their being burst apart. In the ancient aqueduct at Lyons, called at one part of its course Mont de Pile and at another Champonest, the water was brought over eight bridges in the usual manner, and a siphon was employed for conducting it across the ninth. At this point the valley is very deep, and a reservoir was built from which leaden pipes of large size, bedded in the sides of the valley, conducted the water to others laid over a bridge in an inverted curve; they were then conducted up the opposite side of the valley, and delivered the water in
th this gas would ascend. Balloon. The first machine by which an ascent was made into the upper regions of the atmosphere was invented and constructed by the brothers Stephen and Joseph Montgolfier, paper-manufacturers at Annotay, near Lyons, France. After experimenting unsuccessfully with hydrogen-gas, they tried heating the air contained in the balloon by means of a fire in its open mouth, and in June, 1783, a captive balloon was by this means caused to ascend over 2,000 yards. Novembn a tunnel or gallery. Brob. Bro-cade. (Fabric.) A rich, stout silk. A common name for any kind of stuff wrought and enriched with raised flowers. In the East, a cloth of gold and silk. The manufacture of brocade was established at Lyons, in 1757. Bro-ca-telle. (Masonry.) A kind of marble whose color is a mixture of gray, yellow, red, and dove shades. Bro-ca-tello. (Fabric.) A coarse brocade of cotton, or silk and cotton. Bro-che — goods. (Fabric.) Good
ass though the holes therein, the latter thus determining which threads of the warp shall be raised. In this way the figure on the card determines the nature of the figure on the fabric. Jacquard, the inventor, was a straw-hat manufacturer at Lyons. His attention was first directed toward mechanical inventions by a reward being offered for the production of a machine for making nets. He produced the machine, but did not claim the reward. The attention of Napoleon was called to his invente model of Vaucanson, produced the apparatus which bears his name, and was rewarded with a pension of 1,000 francs. This was afterwards increased to 6,000. He was also awarded a bronze medal at the French Exposition in 1801. On returning to Lyons, he met with great opposition from the weavers there, who endeavored to forcibly suppress the invention. The Conseil de Prudhommes, a board of master workmen in the various branches of trade, who are appointed to look after the manufacturing int
b b, and rotated by the cord which connects the end of the spring-pole with the treadle c. The chisel rests upon the bar. The earliest screw-lathe known is one described in the work of Jaques Besson (see Plate 9 of that work) published at Lyons, France, in the year 1578. This curious lathe, which is also illustrated and described on page 616, Vol. II., Holtzapffel's Turning and mechanical manipulation, has its tool traversed alongside the work by means of a guide-screw, which is moved simability to mistakes, deranging the pattern, and to obviate this a mechanical drawboy was invented. Jacquard's ingenious invention superseded this, producing an entire revolution in the art of figureweaving. Joseph Maria Jacquard was born at Lyons, 1752; invented his loom for weaving figured fabrics in 1801; and died at Orleans in 1834. The action of the Jacquard in producing patterns upon fabric may be briefly described as follows: — To the ordinary looms perforated cards are added,
of Siam published 200 years since, describes a machine of this kind used in descending hights. It was not employed in Europe till 1783, when M. le Normand proved its efficacy by letting himself from the windows of a lofty house in the city of Lyons. Blanchard, in a balloon ascension in August, 1785, let down a dog from a great hight by means of a parachute, without injury. He afterward applied it to descending from a balloon, in 1793, but, the machine failing to expand fully, he broke hItaly, in 1444. Seven of them bore inscriptions in Latin and one in Etruscan. The civil, criminal, and ceremonial laws of the Greeks were engraved on bronze tables. The speech of Claudius, on the same alloy, is preserved in the town hall of Lyons, France. The pacts between the Romans, Spartans, and Jews were written on brass. In many cabinets in Europe are discharges of Roman soldiers written on copper plates. The laws of the twelve tables at Rome were inscribed on oaken boards; then tra
1817. Birkenshaw's malleable face upon a cast base, 1820. Birkenshaw, of Bedlington, Durham, invented the rolled rail; the iron, while hot, being passed between grooved rollers of the required pattern (i j k l). m n o p are respectively the Spanish, Marseilles, Strasburg, and Great Western (England) patterns. q, Durham and Sunderland, England. r, Berlin and Potsdam, Prussia. s, London and Blackwall, England. t, Manchester and Birmingham, England. u, Saint-Etienne to Lyon, France. v, Wilmington and Susquehanna, United States. w, Great Western (Old), England. x, London and Croydon, England, which first dispensed Railway-rails. with longitudinal sleepers and chairs. y, Morris and Prevost, England. z, Birmingham and Gloucester, England. a′, London and Birmingham, England. b′, London and Brighton, England. c′, Midland counties, England. d′, contractor's rail. e′, street-car rail. f′, locomotive street-rail. g′, continuous
rd became common in Europe. In the year 1555, the Bishop of Ely, ambassador from Mary Queen of England to the court of Rome, visited a saw-mill in the vicinity of Lyons, which he thus describes: — The saw-mill is driven with an upright wheel, and the water that maketh it go is gathered whole into a narrow trough, which delivaly and France. Louis XI., in 1480, obtained Italian workmen and established the manufacture at Tours, and in 1521 Francis I. established a colony of Milanese at Lyons. The manufacture was encouraged in England by James I. in emulation of his Brother the French King. as he styles him. The revocation of the Edict of Nantes by ropriety to bent tubes used for conducting water from one hill to another across an intervening valley. An instance of these is found in the old Roman Aqueduct at Lyons (Fig. 290, page 129). See aqueduct; Souterazici. One of the largest siphons of this kind in the world is that of the iron pipe which conducts the water under F
ork. (Mining.) When all the water is extracted. Wa′ter-ing. 1. (Flax.) The soaking of flax halm to loosen the shives from the hare and remove the mucilage. Steeping; Retting. 2. (Fabric.) A process of giving a wave-like appearance to fabrics, by passing them between metallic rollers variously engraved, which, bearing unequally upon the stuff, render the surface unequal, so as to reflect the light differently. Watering silk is said to have been invented by Octavius May, at Lyons, seventeenth century. See moire, etc. In 1780, the mode of ornamentation was by pressing between figured steel plates. Steel cylinders were introduced afterward. Moire silk for watering is made of double width, which is indispensable in obtaining the bold waterings, for these depend not only on the quality of the silk, but greatly on the way they are folded when subjected to the enormous pressure in watering. They should be folded in such a manner that the air which is contained bet