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ained substantially the same condition as had been before exacted, and the commission could not avail themselves of the permission to which such terms were attached. The result was that they confined their examination to the camps, depots, parks, workshops, &c. of the English, Sardinian, and Turkish armies, never entering the French camps in the Crimea except on visits of courtesy. On the 2d of November they left Balaklava in an English steamer, and spent some days in Constantinople and Scutari, inspecting the hospitals and depots of the allies. From Constantinople they proceeded to Vienna, examining on their route the defences of Varna and the remarkable triumphs of civil engineering in the works on the Soemmering Railroad. On the 16th of December they reached Vienna, and spent some days in a careful observation of the Austrian military establishments, and, after leaving Vienna, went to Venice, Verona, Mantua, and Milan, examining the military and naval establishments in each
on. See also weapons. Fig. 1070 gives an idea of the proportionate magnitudes of some of the projectiles of celebrated cannon. The diameters and weights are inscribed in figures; the upper figure being the bore, the lower figure the weight, of the shot. (The balls a t i, in the figure, are of stone.) For description of the cannon themselves, see cannon. In Fig. 1070, a is the stone projectile of TsarPooschka (Muscovite). b shows seven sizes of the Turkish granite balls of Scutari, weighing respectively 373, 498, 747, 810, 871, 1,182, and 1,640 pounds. c is the basalt ball of Male — k-y-mydan (Indian). d is the granite ball of the great gun of Mohammed II. e, the stone ball of Dulle-Griete (Flemish). f, stone ball of Dhool-Dhance (East Indian). g, stone ball of Mons Meg (Scotch). h, granite ball of Michelette le Grand. i, granite ball of Michelette le Petite. j, Mallet's iron bomb (English). k, to s, English elongated iron projectiles. t
ish-speaking nations, to systematize the patriotic ardor of her countrywomen, and institute such measures of reform in the care of sick and wounded soldiers in military hospitals, as should conduce to the comfort and speedy recovery of their inmates. She had voluntarily passed through the course of training, required of the hospital nurses and assistants, in Pastor Fliedner's Deaconess' Institution, at Kaiserswerth on the Rhine, before she entered upon her great mission in the hospitals at Scutari. She was ably seconded in her labors by other ladies of rank from England, who, actuated only by patriotic zeal, gave themselves to the work of bringing order out of chaos, cheerfulness out of gloom, cleanliness out of the most revolting filth, and the sunshine of health out of the lazar house of corruption and death In this heroic undertaking they periled their lives, more certainly, than those who took part in the fierce charge of Balaclava Some fell victims to their untiring zeal; other
diet. Although such a list was furnished at this time, yet it was only possible while the hospital had an ample base, like City Point. The armies, when operating at a distance, could give but two or three articles; and in active campaigns these were furnished with great irregularity. to show the variety of the articles, and her careful consideration of the condition of separate men. The following passage from the pen of Harriet Martineau, in regard to the management of the kitchen at Scutari, by Florence Nightingale, is true also of those organized by Miss Gilson in Virginia. The parallel is so close, and the illustration of the daily administration of this department of her work so vivid, that, if the circumstances under which it was written were not known, I should have said it was a faithful picture of our kitchen in the Colored Hospital at City Point:-- The very idea of that kitchen was savory in the wards; for out of it came, at the right moment, arrowroot, hot and o
Oliver Otis Howard, Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard, major general , United States army : volume 2, Chapter 65: in Europe, Egypt, and Constantinople (search)
Captain Henry Otis Dwight, the son of a missionary and a missionary himself, who had come home to America to bear the part of a soldier throughout our Civil War and then had returned to his missionary field, was there at Constantinople. He devoted several days to our entertainment and showed us the walls of the city, the mosques, the old churches, including Saint .Sophia, the Constantine Arch, the Hippodrome, the Obelisk, and Pera. We passed over to the other side of the Bosphorus (to Scutari) where Dr. Cyrus Hamlin's great work had been done in furnishing the soldiers with bread during the Crimean War, and there we found a splendid girls' school quite equal in quality if not in numbers to Robert College. Miss Williams, the principal teacher, married a missionary while we were there; and we saw the departure of the couple from the institution. The girls were all in tears while they threw rice after the departing couple. I think that my most instructive visit was to a large
James Parton, Horace Greeley, T. W. Higginson, J. S. C. Abbott, E. M. Hoppin, William Winter, Theodore Tilton, Fanny Fern, Grace Greenwood, Mrs. E. C. Stanton, Women of the age; being natives of the lives and deeds of the most prominent women of the present gentlemen, Florence Nightingale. (search)
England to reform them. January the 25th the surgeon of a ship, appointed to convey the sick to the general hospital at Scutari, went on shore at Balaklava and applied to an officer in charge of stores for two or three stoves to put on board his shre worthy of the name in the Crimea. In view of such facts as these no one can be surprised that the great hospitals at Scutari were in such a condition, that, probably, they were the direct means of killing ten men for every one whom they saved frrming, and that she was almost as graceful as the ladies of Paris. From Marseilles they were conveyed in a steamer to Scutari, where the principal hospitals were placed, which they reached on the 5th of November. In all the town, crowded with miin and again. The same excellent and liberal-minded chaplain, the Rev. S. G. Osborne, in his work on the Hospitals of Scutari, describes, in the most interesting manner, the appearance and demeanor of Miss Nightingale. In appearance, he says, sh
d religion enjoined; then they were placed on as many cars as there were tribes, and the procession proceeded slowly through the city, to the Ceramicus, where funeral games were exhibited, and an orator, publicly appointed for the occasion, pronounced an eulogium. Even the Turks, who are so opposed to the cultivation of the fine arts, embellish their grave-yards with evergreens. With them it is a religious duty to plant trees around the graves of their kindred, and the burying ground of Scutari is one of the most interesting objects in the environs of Constantinople. Situated in the rear of the town and extending along the declivity of the Asiatic shore, towards the sea of Marmora, it presents a vast forest of majestic trees; and thither the inhabitants of the imperial city generally resort, during the sultry months of summer, to enjoy the cool breezes, which descend from the Euxine, or are wafted over the waves of the Propontis. Throughout Italy, France and England, there are
daughter of John and Margaret C. Wight, of or near Norfolk, in the 26th year of her age." Such is the common-place notice of the martyrdom of a woman,--a lady whose heroism was not second to that of Florence Nightingales,--she of Albion and Scutari, whose merited fame was spread world-wide while yet her heroic deeds were being performed, and whose slightest change of health is ever yet instantly made known through Christendom with feelings of sadness or emotions of joy, as such change may ial comfort to the sick soldiers — came not thus; but, she came as did the Samaritan to the traveler, as did Mary to the dead Christ, as did she of Louisiana to the plague-stricken of Norfolk, as did "Sainte Philomena" to the Crimean soldiers at Scutari,--came earnestly, whole-solidly, and religiously zealous to the lonely suffering soldiers, and nursed them as would a Sister of Charity,--as would a sister, aye as a mother. Her ministrations were not those of form, but were those of deed--