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That is why the young spend their days in the courts instead of in the gymnasia; that is why our old men fight our battles, while our young men make speeches— they take Alcibiades as their model, Alcibiades who carries his villainy to such unheard-of lengths that, after recommending that the people of MelosIn 425 B.C. Melos refused to pay the increased tribute demanded of her, and during the years which followed displayed a general defiance of Athens. Athens finally acted in the summer of 416. A fleet attacked the island, the male population was massacred, and the women and children sold as slaves. See Thuc. 5. be sold into slavery, he purchased a woman from among the prisoners and has since had a son by her, a child whose birth was more unnatural than that of Aegis—thus,Son of Thyestes by his own daughter, Pelopeia. He was exposed as a child, but saved by shepherds. His uncle, Atreus, then brought him up as his own son. Later he murdered Atreus and placed Thyestes on his throne
For surely, Moerocles, we are not now going to exact ten talents from the MeliansMelos, an island in the southern Aegean. in accordance with the terms of your decree, because they gave harborage to the pirates, and yet suffer this man to go free who has transgressed both your decree and the laws which maintain our state. And shall we prevent from wrongdoing the islanders, against whom we must man our ships in order to hold them to their duty, but you abominable creatures, upon whom these jurymen should inflict the penalty according to the laws, while they sit right here—shall we let you go? You will not, at least if you are wise.Read the stelê.The marble slab upon which the decree was inscribed. Stele
It is no great thing to possess strength, whatever kind it is, but to use it as one should. For of what advantage to Milo of Croton was his enormous strength of body?How Milo's strength brought about his death is told in Strabo 6.1.12. The death of Polydamas, the Thessalian, when he was crushed by the rocks,Polydamas, a famous athlete, was in a cave when the roof began to crack. His companions fled to safety, but Polydamas thought he could support the roof (cp. Pa his enormous strength of body?How Milo's strength brought about his death is told in Strabo 6.1.12. The death of Polydamas, the Thessalian, when he was crushed by the rocks,Polydamas, a famous athlete, was in a cave when the roof began to crack. His companions fled to safety, but Polydamas thought he could support the roof (cp. Paus. 6.5.4 ff.). made clear to all men how precarious it is to have great strength but little sense.Const. Exc. 4, pp. 285-286.
And now it will be useful to distinguish those Greeks who chose the side of the barbarians, in order that, incurring our censure here, their example may, by the obloquy visited upon them, deter for the future any who may become traitors to the common freedom. The Aenianians, Dolopians, Melians,The inhabitants of Malis (also called Melis) in S. Thessaly, not of the island Melos in the southern Aegean. Perrhaebians, and Magnetans took the side of the barbarians even while the defending force was still at Tempe, and after its departure the Achaeans of Phthia, Locrians, Thessalians, and the majority of the Boeotians went over to the barbarians. But the Greeks who were meeting in congress at the IsthmusAt Corinth. voted to make the Greeks who voluntarily chose the cause of the Persians pay a tithe to the gods, when they should be successful in the war, and to send ambassadors to those Greeks who were neutral to urge them to join in