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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 8 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 10 6 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 6 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 4 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, A book of American explorers 4 2 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 4 0 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3 4 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Walcott Boynton, Reader's History of American Literature 2 0 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 2 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 18: Lee's invasion of Maryland, and his retreat toward Richmond. (search)
m Spain you are not yet in the field! Six hours rest is quite enough for them. I conquered at Nangis with a brigade of dragoons coming from Spain, who from Bayonne had not drawn rein. Do you say that the six battalions from Nimes want clothes and equipage, and are uninstructed? Augereau, what miserable excuses! I have destroyed 80,000 enemies with battalions of conscripts, scarcely clothed, and without cartridge-boxes. The National Guard are pitiful. I have here 4,000 from Angers and Bretagne, in round hats, without cartridge-boxes, but with good weapons; and I have made them tell. There is no money, do you say? But where do you expect to get money but from the pockets of the enemy? You have no teams? Seize them I You have no magazines? Tut, tut, that is too ridiculous! I order you to put yourself in the field twelve hours after you receive this letter. If you are still the Augereau of Castiglione, keep your command. If your sixty years are too much for you, relinquish i
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.), Sketch of the principal maritime expeditions. (search)
ody, the Russians perform prodigies, and are forced anew to yield to numbers. Zimisces knowing how to honor courage, finally makes with them an advantageous treaty. About the same time the Danes are attracted to England, by the hope of pillage; we are assured that Lothaire also invited their king Ogier, into France, to avenge himself upon his brothers. The first success of those pirates augmented their taste for adventures: every five or six years they vomit upon the coasts of France and Bretagne, bands which devastate every thing. Ogier, Hastings, Regner, Sigefroi, conduct them sometimes to the mouths of the Seine, sometimes to those of the Loire, finally to those of the Garonne. It is pretended even that Hastings entered the Mediterranean, and ascended the Rhone as far as Avignon, which is at least doubtful. The strength of their armaments is not known, the largest appears to have been three hundred sail. At the commencement of the tenth century, Rollo, descending at first u
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabot 1476-1557 (search)
ent almost to lat. 60°, when the ice again barred his way. Then he sailed southward, and discovered a large island, which he called New Found Land (Newfoundland), and perceived the immense number of codfish in the waters surrounding it. Leaving that island, he coasted as far as the shores of Maine, and, some writers think, as far south as the Carolinas. On his return Cabot revealed the secret of the codfish at New Found Land, and within five or six years thereafter fishermen from England, Brittany, and Normandy were gathering treasures there. As Cabot did not bring back gold from America, King Henry paid no more attention to him; and in 1512 he went to Spain, by invitation of King Ferdinand, and enjoyed honors and emoluments until that monarch's death in 1516, when, annoyed by the jealousies of the Spanish nobility, he returned to England. Henry VIII furnished Cabot with a vessel, in 1517, to seek for a northwest passage to India; but he unsuccessfully fought the ice-pack at Huds
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Champlain, Samuel de 1567-1635 (search)
Champlain, Samuel de 1567-1635 French navigator; born in Brouage, France, in 1567. His family had many fishermen and Samuel De Champlain. mariners, and he was carefully educated for a navigator. In early life he was in the cavalry of Brittany, and was with his uncle, pilot-general of the fleets of Spain, when that officer conducted back to that country the troops who had served in France. In 1599 he commanded a vessel of the Spanish fleet that sailed to Mexico, and he drew up a faithful account of the voyage. On his return he received a pension from Henry IV. of France; and he was induced by M. de Chastes, governor of Dieppe, to explore and prepare the way for a. French colony in America. Chastes had received a charter from the King to found settlements in New France, and the monarch commissioned Champlain lieutenant-general of Canada. With this authority, he sailed from Honfleur on March 5, 1603, with a single vessel, commanded by Pont-Greve, a skilful navigator. In Ma
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), George (William Frederick) 1737-1820 (search)
ecause he was generally in political opposition to him and led a loose life. After a serious dispute with Russia, which threatened to seize Turkey, and another George III. with Spain, war with revolutionized France began in 1793, and the most arbitrary rule was exercised in England, driving the people at times to the verge of revolution. Ireland was goaded into rebellion, which was suppressed by the most cruel methods—equal in atrocity to any perpetrated by the French in La Vendee and Brittany. The union of Great Britain and Ireland was effected in 1800, the parliament of the latter ceasing to exist. Against the King's wishes, peace was made with France in 1802; but war was again begun the next year. Then came the struggle with Napoleon Bonaparte, which lasted until the overthrow of that ruler at Waterloo, June, 1815. In 1810 the King lost his youngest and favorite daughter, Amelia, by death. His anxiety during her illness deprived him of reason. He had been threatened wit
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Verrazzano, Giovanni da 1508- (search)
dent to follow him in his course northward, remembering that he was the first European who explored this part of the coast. A newe land, he exclaims in his letter, never before seen of any man, either auncient or moderne. Among the places which he describes, New York Harbor, Block Island (which he named Louisa, in honor of the King's mother), Newport, and other places have been identified. He continued along the Maine coast and as far as Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, which fishermen from Brittany had found twenty years before (the name of Cape Breton is a trace of them), thence returning to France. He reached Dieppe early in July, and it is from Dieppe, July 8, 1524, that his letter to the King is dated. It is the earliest description known to exist of the shores of the United States. There are two copies of Verrazzano's letter, both of them, however, Italian translations, the original letter not being in existence. One was printed by Ramusio in 1556, and this was translated i
En′gine. 1. An engine or machine employed in raising water, as pumps, etc.; or receiving motion by the weight or impulse of water, as waterwheels, etc.; or in transmitting power, as the hydrostatic press, etc. See hydraulic Engineering and appliances; pump; water-elevator; water-wheels, etc. 2. A machine driven by the pressure of a column of water; the term is especially applied to one in which the piston of a cylinder is driven by water-power. The hydraulic engine of Huelgoat, in Brittany, is used to drain a mine; is single-acting, and acts directly to lift the piston of the pump. It makes five and a half strokes per minute, the stroke being a little more than eight feet in length. The pistonrod is 767 feet long, and it weighs 16 tons. The power of the engine is derived from a source at a hight 370 feet above its own level. See Delaunay's Mechanics. Perret's hydraulic engine A (French) has a cylinder and a double-acting piston. The motion is communicated to a working
istles being the nearest approximation, the machine might be useful in the United States for bruising sheaf oats for feed. Straw-cutter with spiral flanged cylinders. In the furzebruis-er, the plant is broken by hammers and then ground between rollers, which break and mash it. We should dispense with the hammers and be content with a mashing action which would break the kernel and scatter flour enough over the straw to make the whole mass palatable. Straw-cutter. The peasants of Brittany use a more primitive mode of producing the same effect; a pair of pestles suspended from the ends of a bar, which is oscillated by the feet of a man standing thereon. Straw-drain. (Husbandry.) A drain filled with straw. Straw-fab′ric loom. A loom for making goods the weft of which is of straw. Each piece of filling is laid in separately, and looms of this character are made to work with straw, slats, splints, wands, willows, cane, rattan, palm-leaf, splints, whalebone, and wh
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Walcott Boynton, Reader's History of American Literature, A Glossary of Important Contributors to American Literature (search)
andora (1875); Keramos (1878); Ultima Thule (1880); and In the Harbor (1882). He died in Cambridge, Mass., March 24, 1882. Lowell, James Russell Born in Cambridge, Mass., Feb. 22, 1819. Graduating from Harvard in 1838, he was admitted to the bar, but devoted himself to literature. He contributed to The liberty Bell, anti-slavery standard, and the Boston Courier in which the Biglow papers appeared (1846-48). He issued his first collection of verse, A year's life, in 1841; A legend of Brittany (1844); Conversations with some of the old poets (1845); The vision of Sir Launfal (1845); A Fable for critics (1848); and Poems (1848). He became professor of modern languages at Harvard, was the first editor of the Atlantic Mlonthly, and was joint editor with Professor Norton of the North American Review. Fireside travels appeared in 1864; a second series of Biglow papers (1866); Under the Willows (1869); Among my books (1870); and My study Windows (1871). He was minister to Spain, and l
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, chapter 14 (search)
ills) have driven my pain into one of my legs, which is at times sadly disabled. For this I am to have galvanism. You will see that I have powerful weapons against the enemy. At the middle of August he tried his strength by an excursion to Brittany. On his return Dr. Brown-Sequard thought of applying fire again, but desisted, fearing that another application would interfere with the baths which were to follow. Shortly after, Sumner left Paris for Aix-les-Bains, taking on the way Orleans ely upon. He wrote, August 16, to his brother: If anybody cares to know how I am doing, you can say better and better, and that I mean to return in the autumn a well man. From Havre, late in the month, he made an excursion through Normandy and Brittany, taking in Trouville, Caen, Bayeux, St. Lo, Coutances, Granville, Avranches, Pontorson, Mont St. Michel, St. Malo, Dinan, and Rennes, and other places on return, travelling partly by private carriage and partly by diligence. His companion as fa
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