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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burgoyne, Sir John, 1723-1792 (search)
the head of the lake. These were overtaken and destroyed by the pursuing British. Burgoyne pressed forward almost unopposed, for the American forces were very weak. The latter retreated first to Fort Edward, and then gradually down the Hudson almost to Albany. The British advanced but slowly, for the Americans, under the command of Gen. Philip Schuyler, harassed them at every step. An expedition sent by Burgoyne to capture stores and cattle, and procure horses in this region and at Bennington, Vt., was defeated in a battle at Hoosick, N. Y. (Aug. 16), by a force hastily gathered under General Stark. Already another invading force of British regulars, Canadians, Tories, and Indians, under Colonel St. Leger, which was sent by Burgoyne, by way of Oswego, to march down the Mohawk Valley and meet the latter at Albany, had been defeated in a battle at Oriskany (Aug. 6). Schuyler was superseded by Gates in command of the northern army. Gates formed a fortified camp on Bemis's Height
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Channing, William Ellery 1780-1842 (search)
Channing, William Ellery 1780-1842 Clergyman; born in Newport, R. I., April 7, 1780; graduated at Harvard in 1798 with highest honors; was a teacher in a private family in Richmond, Va., for a year afterwards; and, returning in feeble health in 1802, studied theology, and became pastor of the Federal Street Church in Boston, June 1, 1803. All through his laborious life he suffered from ill-health. In 1822 he sought physical improvement by a voyage to Europe, and in 1830 he went to St. Croix, William Ellery Channing W. I., for the same purpose. With a colleague he occasionally officiated in the pulpit until 1840, when he resigned. In August, 1842, he delivered his last public address at Lenox, Mass., in commemoration of the abolition of slavery in the West Indies. Mr. Channing contributed much towards stimulating anti-slavery feeling. He died in Bennington, Vt., Oct. 2, 1842.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fay, Jonas 1737-1818 (search)
Fay, Jonas 1737-1818 Patriot; born in Hardwick, Mass., Jan. 17, 1737; received a good English education, and was with a Massachusetts regiment at Fort Edward in 1756. He settled at Bennington in 1766, and became prominent in the disputes between New York and the New Hampshire grants. He was the agent of the grants sent to New York in 1772 to inform Governor Tryon of the grounds of their complaint. Mr. Fay was clerk to the convention (1774) that resolved to defend Ethan Allen and other letion then adopted, and of the communication announcing the fact to Congress. Dr. Fay was secretary of the convention that formed the new State constitution in 1777, and one of the council of safety that first administered the government. In 1782 he was judge of the Supreme Court of the State; agent of the State to Congress at different times; and, in conjunction with Ethan Allen, he published an account of the New York and New Hampshire controversy. He died in Bennington, Vt., March 6, 1818.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hall, Hiland 1795-1885 (search)
Hall, Hiland 1795-1885 Jurist; born in Bennington, Vt., July 20, 1795; admitted to the bar in 1819; was a member of the first National Republican Convention in 1856. He was governor of Vermont in 1858-59; and published a History of Vermont. He died in Springfield, Mass., Dec. 18, 1885.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), King's Mountain, battle on (search)
r Colonels Shelby, Sevier, Campbell, and others, united to oppose Ferguson, and on Oct. 7 they fell upon his camp among a cluster of high, wooded, gravelly hills of King's Mountain. A severe engagement ensued, and the British forces were totally defeated. Ferguson was slain, and 300 of his men were killed or wounded. The spoils of victory were 800 prisoners and 1,500 stand of arms. The loss of the Americans was twenty men. The event was to Cornwallis what the defeat of the British near Bennington was to Burgoyne. Among the prisoners were some of the most cruel Tories of the western Carolinas, who had executed the severe orders of Cornwallis. Ten of them, after a trial by drum-head court-martial, were hung on the limb of a great tulip-tree. On the spot where Ferguson fell, a small monument was erected to commemorate the event, and to the memory of some of the patriots killed in the battle. The defeat of the British changed the aspects of the war in the South. It awed the To
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Langdon, John 1739-1819 (search)
of the Continental Congress (1775-76), but in June, in the latter year, he resigned his seat and became navy agent. He was speaker of the Assembly, and was ready to make any reasonable sacrifice to promote the cause. When means were needed to support a New Hampshire regiment, he gave all his hard money, pledged his plate, and applied to the same purpose the proceeds of seventy hogsheads of tobacco. He furnished means for raising a brigade of the troops with which Stark gained the victory at Bennington. He was active in civil affairs, also, all through the war, serving in the Continental Congress and his State legislature. In 1785 he was president of New Hampshire, and in 1787 was one of the framers of the federal Constitution. He was governor of his State in 1788, and again from 1805 to 1811; was United States Senator from 1789 to 1801, and declined the office of Secretary of the Navy (1811) and of Vice-President of the United States (1812). He died in Portsmouth, Sept. 18, 1819.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Navy of the United States (search)
0Single-turret monitorI.340S.2 Manhattan2,100Single-turret monitorI.340S.2 Detroit2,089Unprotected cruiserS.5,227T. S.10 Montgomery2,089Unprotected cruiserS.5,580T. S.10 Marblehead2,089Unprotected cruiserS.5,451T. S.10 Mohican1,900CruiserW.1,100S.6 Catskill1,875Single-turret monitorI.340S.2 Jason1,875Single-turret monitorI.340S.2 Lehigh1,875Single-turret monitorI.340S.2 Montauk1,875Single-turret monitorI.340S.2 Nahant1,875Single-turret monitorS.340S.2 Manila1,800GunboatI.750S.2 Bennington1,710GunboatI.3,436T. S.6 Concord1,710GunboatS.3,405T. S.6 Yorktown1,710GunboatS.3,392T. S.6 Ships of the Navy in 1901.—Continued. Third rate Name.Displacement (Tons).Type.Hull.Indicated Horse-Power.Propulsion.Guns (Main Battery) Topeka1,700GunboatI.2,000S.8 Dolphin1,486Despatch-boatS.2,253S.3 Wilmington1,392Light-draft gunboatS.1,894T. S.8 Helena1,392Light-draft gunboatS.1,988T. S.8 Adams1,375CruiserW.800S.6 Alliance1,375CruiserW.800S.6 Essex1,375CruiserW.800S.6 Enterpris
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colony of New Hampshire, (search)
e people of New Hampshire took an active part Their men were engaged in many important battles, from that of Bunker Hill to First seal of New Hampshire. that at Yorktown; and were particularly distinguished for their bravery in the battles of Bennington, Bemis's Heights, Saratoga, and Monmouth. The first seal of New Hampshire as an independent State is represented in the engraving. The tree and fish indicate the productions of the State. Shortly after the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748),guing that his province ought to have an extent which would equal that of the western boundary of Massachusetts, Governor Wentworth granted fifteen townships adjoining the recent Massachusetts settlements on the Hoosic. One township was called Bennington, which was in compliment to the governor. Emigrants from Connecticut and Massachusetts began to settle on the domain, when they were checked by the French and Indian War. Afterwards, violent disputes with New York about these grants ensued. S
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
and is rejected April 22, 1778 French treaty reaches Congress by messenger May 2, 1778 Deane's treaty with France ratifiedMay 4, 1778 Mischianza, a festival, is given at Philadelphia by the British officers in honor of Sir William Howe (who had been succeeded by Sir Henry Clinton), six days before his return to England May 18, 1778 Affair at Barren HillMay 20, 1778 British raid in Warren and Bristol, R. I.May 25, 1778 Col. Ethan Allen, released from im- prisonment, returns to Bennington, Vt. May 31, 1778 Earl of Carlisle, George Johnstone, and William Eden, appointed peace commissioners to America, with Prof. Adam Ferguson as secretaryJune 10, 1778 British evacuate Philadelphia and retire across the Delaware into New Jersey June 18, 1778 Americans break camp at Valley Forge and follow June 18, 1778 Battle of Monmouth Court-house, N. J., British retreat June 28, 1778 Molly Pitcher commissioned sergeant by Washington for bravery at Monmouth June 29, 1778 Massacre of in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ruttenber, Edward Manning 1825- (search)
Ruttenber, Edward Manning 1825- Author; born in Bennington, Vt., July 17, 1825; connected with the bureau of military records, 1863-65; editor Newburg Telegraph, Goshen Republican, etc. He is the author of a History of Newburg, N. Y.; History of Orange county, N. Y.; The Indian tribes on the Hudson River, etc.
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