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h, and on the same day determined to seize Bowling Green. He placed General S. B. Buckner in chargof our troops, I have determined to occupy Bowling Green at once. Information I believe to be r practicable moment) to take possession of Bowling Green with 5,000 troops, and prepare to support I hope it may meet. The occupation of Bowling Green is an act of self-defense, rendered necessps; and the territory between Columbus and Bowling Green was occupied by moving detachments, which e dispositions gave the Confederates, when Bowling Green was occupied, an angular base, with its ex in Tennessee. On taking possession of Bowling Green, General Buckner, in General Order No. 2, st Virginia, Ohio, and Kentucky corner, to Bowling Green, roughly indicates the Western edge of thid, so as to render any point in advance of Bowling Green unsafe; while Bowling Green itself, situatte line by force of natural conditions, so Bowling Green, likewise, became its salient. The commun[14 more...]
prognosticate final results. I do the duty which, for the time being, lies before me, and I leave the rest to Providence. He possessed, in an admirable degree, the habit of reticence-so essential in a commander. When he left Columbus for Bowling Green, his departure was conducted at night with such privacy that I doubt if any one of those he left at the former place, except the officer in command, had even a suspicion of his intention to transfer his headquarters. A few days before we lehat he knew he did not need to enjoin secrecy on me. It was accordingly arranged that I should have an indefinite leave of absence, but return to the staff should he enter on a campaign in Missouri. I accompanied him a part of the way toward Bowling Green, and then went on to Richmond, Virginia. While he was not a martinet, his enforcement of discipline was admirable, and yet extremely quiet. When he reached Columbus, the discipline of the considerable forces assembled there had been visi
to the sublimest efforts. A month after Buckner's advance, the army at Bowling Green numbered only 12,000 men, 4,000 of whom were obtained not from recruits, buwith great regard, yours truly, J. P. Benjamin. General A. S. Johnston, Bowling Green, Kentucky. The circular accompanying this letter states: 1. No unarmed ts letter to the Governor of Mississippi: headquarters, Western Department, Bowling Green, Kentucky, December 24, 1861. Sir: On assuming command of this departmens now assembled between Louisville and this place. The general position of Bowling Green is good and commanding; but the peculiar topography of the place, and the l resort against the impending disasters: headquarters, Western Department, Bowling Green, January 8, 1862. Sir: The calls made upon the Government from every asserred from the following correspondence: headquarters, Western Department, Bowling Green, January 12, 1862. Sir: Adjutant-General Whitthorne, of Tennessee, has i
t Columbus; Buckner's in the centre, about Bowling Green; and Zollicoffer's, on the right, at Cumbehat the enemy was about to advance against Bowling Green. He replied: Hold on Bowling Green andhis date: headquarters, Western division, Bowling Green, Kentucky, October 17, 1861. General: Id. The Confederate army assembled near Bowling Green numbered, as stated, 12,000 men. This incls given in Special Order No. 51, issued at Bowling Green, October 28, 1861. It is given in full, aeral Johnston assumed the chief command at Bowling Green, devolving the active duties of the field the river, and report to him that night at Bowling Green. Colonel Brown said that he would prefer nt he felt able to repel a direct attack on Bowling Green, and considered Columbus secure. At Colume time: headquarters, Western Department, Bowling Green, Kentucky, October 21, 1861. sir: I am fifty-two miles out of Louisville, toward Bowling Green .... I continued to strengthen the two[6 more...]
s table. But the list contains no mention of a number of Kentucky regiments then actually or nearly completed, some of which were then doing service, such as those commanded by Garrard, Pope, Ward, Hobson, Grider, McHenry, Jackson, Burbridge, Bruce, and others. By reference to Van Horne's work, it will be found that a number of these were brigaded December 3d. Nor is any account taken of the numerous organizations of Home Guards. General Sherman estimated the Confederate force from Bowling Green to Clarksville at from 25,000 to 30,000 men-double their real numbers. Appendix B (2). General Johnston estimated the Federal force in his front at 15,000 to 20,000; in the Lower Green River country at 3,000; near Camp Dick Robinson, at 10,000; and elsewhere in Northern Kentucky, at 10,000. These figures were substantially correct. Sherman's command, from his own account, may be tabulated thus: Fourteen regiments at Nolin (his figures)13,000 Twenty-eight regiments mentioned
his own course of action. The camp at Bowling Green was a city of refuge for Kentuckians whoseugitives resorted either to Richmond or to Bowling Green, according to the direction of their escapd the army, many civilians had gathered at Bowling Green. Some of these were men of mark in the Stes from Russellville, on the railroad from Bowling Green to Memphis. It was guarded by a detail ofnts of Kentucky infantry were recruited at Bowling Green during the autumn of 1861, though some of ernors: headquarters, Western Department, Bowling Green, December 8, 1861. Sir: The enemy, froof War. headquarters, Western Department, Bowling Green, December 25, 1861. Sir: The recent movle one between Green River and Nashville. Bowling Green, from its topography, is naturally a stron Louisiana colonel: In the days around Bowling Green, said--, I was in command of the--Louisian me the following incident as occurring at Bowling Green: A distinguished Tennessee politicia[1 more...]
y. Buell's right wing also menaced Donelson and Henry, while his centre was directed against Bowling Green, and his left was advancing against Zollicoffer at Mill Spring on the Upper Cumberland. If cky; while, at the same time, he might, to some extent, protect the right of the position at Bowling Green. The lack of telegraphic communication, and the wretched character of the roads, made any rffective cooperation, almost impossible. Still, Zollicoffer could not be drawn in nearer to Bowling Green, without laying open to the enemy a choice of roads into East Tennessee. General Johnston de the result could have been to the defeated commander. His line was broken; his position at Bowling Green apparently turned on that flank, and an army on which he counted demolished. His correspondther field, and he was recalled by General Buell to take part in a combined movement against Bowling Green. Before his command reached there, the condition of affairs had changed; and it was moved r
ated. Whether the Barren River, and a line from Bowling Green to Columbus, should be adopted for defense, or t also near to and in front of the railroads from Bowling Green and Nashville, running west. The topography first knew him in California. They met next at Bowling Green. Gilner had skill and judgment, and his militar the Federal commanders to force the position at Bowling Green at great sacrifice, or to attempt to reduce the the rebel line? Cullom drew the pencil through Bowling Green, Forts Donelson and Henry, and Columbus, Kentuck threaten Columbus, and force the abandonment of Bowling Green. . . . This line of the Cumberland and Tennesseehich should prevent reinforcements being sent to Bowling Green, toward which Buell was still reaching out. Gran brigade and part of Buckner's, from his army at Bowling Green. The infantry, artillery, and baggage, were senrses moving by land. General Johnston's army at Bowling Green had numbered, December 8th, 18,000 men, includin
ccountability, more of which will appear hereafter. It is difficult to over-estimate the consequences to the Federal arms of the surrender of Donelson. The material results were great; but, great as they were, the moral effects were still greater. An army was demolished; nearly one-half of the Confederate soldiers in Tennessee were killed, captured, or scattered; the line of defense was broken, so as to open the whole of Kentucky, and a great part of Tennessee, to the Federal arms; Bowling Green, Nashville, Columbus-all were turned; and the valley of the Cumberland was rendered untenable. But, mighty as was the disaster, its consequences on the minds of the parties to the civil strife were still more ominous to the Confederate cause. Where now were the impregnable fortifications, said to be guarded by 100,000 desperate Southerners; where now the boasted prowess of troops, who were to quail at no odds; where the inexhaustible resources that were to defy all methods of approach?
n were given up, the rear of the armies at Bowling Green and Columbus would have been uncovered. Hon and Henry were nearly twice as far from Bowling Green by land as from the Federal strongholds byGenerals Johnston, Beauregard, and Hardee. Bowling Green, Kentucky, February 7, 1862. At a meetiral Albert Sidney Johnston, in the town of Bowling Green, Kentucky, and in the presence of then Colowen, commanding the forts and the town of Bowling Green, of which former my regiment garrisoned Fo Not very long before the evacuation of Bowling Green, the general and myself being alone, lie las closed by his assuring me he would hold Bowling Green as long as it was safe to do so-even to thjunction of the Gallatin and Nashville and Bowling Green and Nashville [turnpike] roads, about ten camp, were seen suddenly to retreat toward Bowling Green. The enemy pursued, and succeeded in shelry, the Federal vanguard appeared opposite Bowling Green, and opened fire from several pieces of ar[27 more...]
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