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of William. I hope you may get through safely to-day, but we must win a victory. Gibson says he felt greatly stirred by his words. Sharp skirmishing had begun before he reached the front. Here he met Colonel John S. Marmaduke, commanding the Third Arkansas Regiment. This officer, in reply to General Johnston's questions, explained, with some pride, that he held the centre of the front line, the other regiments forming on him. Marmaduke had been with General Johnston in Utah, at Bowling Green, and in the retreat to Corinth, and regarded him with the entire affection and veneration of a young soldier for his master in the art of war. General Johnston put his hand on Marmaduke's shoulder, and said to him with an earnestness that went to his heart, My son, we must this day conquer or perish! Marmaduke felt himself nerved to a tenfold resolution. General Johnston said to the ambitious Hindman, who had been in the vanguard from the beginning: You have earned your spurs as maj
eceive the enemy as to his, real strength. We were led to believe that there were at least one hundred thousand men here, and that the fortifications were frowning terrifically with cannon. All this, my friend, is pure fiction. We have not more than twenty-five thousand men, all told, and I think cannot count more than fifty light field-pieces. It is true, we have some few dozen heavy siege-guns, but by no means enough to frighten an enemy seriously bent on mischief. The position of Bowling Green is an admirably selected one, with Green River along our front, and railway communication to Nashville and the whole South. Had we simply to contend with an enemy advancing from Louisville, and attacking in front, we should have nothing to fear; but, as you are aware, our flanks and rear are threatened by an immense force, and, although they have made no demonstrations in those quarters, I cannot believe their generals to be so blind as to be unaware of their advantages by the Cumberlan
t they were Union people up there, and had hung out the Stars and Stripes. February, 12 To-morrow we start for Bowling Green, our division in the lead. Before night we shall overtake the rebels, and before the next evening will doubtless figd so pushed on with rapid pace. A regiment of cavalry and Loomis' battery were in advance. When within ten miles of Bowling Green the guns opened in our front. Leaving the regiment in charge of the Major, I rode ahead rapidly as I could, and reached the river bank opposite Bowling Green in time to see a detachment of rebel cavalry fire the buildings which contained their army stores. The town was ablaze in twenty different places. They had destroyed the bridge over Barren river in the mo required, when we went back to our old quarters. February, 16 To-day we crossed the Big Barren, and are now in Bowling Green. Turchin's brigade preceded us, and has gutted many houses. The rebels burned a million dollars worth of stores, bu
General Horace Porter, Campaigning with Grant, Chapter 8 (search)
roads which would not separate them by distances of more than four miles. It appears to have been about midday of the 22d when Lee obtained information, through his cavalry, of our advance toward the North Anna. Hancock could not well have reached Hanover Junction before Lee, for Lee's route from the right of his intrenchments on the Po to Hanover Junction by the Telegraph road was about twenty-eight miles, while the route of Hancock's corps from Anderson's Mill to Hanover Junction via Bowling Green was about thirty-four miles; besides, as Hancock was advancing with a detached corps through an enemy's country and over unknown roads, he had to move with caution. Early in the afternoon General Grant decided to halt for a couple of hours, to be in easy communication with the troops that were following. He selected for the halt a plantation. which was beautifully situated on high ground, commanding a charming view of the valley of the Mattapony. A very comfortable house stood no
Torbert to make a reconnoissance up the Gordonsville road, to secure a by-road leading over Mallory's ford, on the North Anna, to the Catharpen road, as I purposed following that route to Spottsylvania Court House on my return, and thence via Bowling Green and Dunkirk to the White House. About a mile beyond Trevillian the Gordonsville road forks — the left fork leading to Charlottesville-and about a mile beyond the fork Hampton had taken up and strongly intrenched a line across both roads, beiederate wounded, who had been too severely hurt to be removed from the field-hospitals at the time of the battles. Such of our wounded as were able to travel were brought away. On the 16th I marched from Edge Hill on the Ta River through Bowling Green to Dr. Butler's, on the north side of the Mattapony. When I arrived here I was unable to ascertain the position of the Army of the Potomac, and was uncertain whether or not the base at the White House had been discontinued. I had heard noth
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 2.21 (search)
oved down the river some 500 or 600 yards, when it turned sharp to the right and crossed the Bowling Green road. The enemy's artillery opened fire from the crest and the angle of the Bowling Green rBowling Green road. I directed General Meade to put his column directly for the nearest point of wood, and, having gained the crest, to extend his attack along it to the extreme point of the heights, where most of the enemy's artillery was posted. As the column crossed the Bowling Green road the artillery of his division was ordered into position on the rise of the ground between this road and the railroad; the enemy on the crest, while Simpson's had to be thrown to the left, to oppose that on the Bowling Green road, which was taking the column in flank. Hall's battery was at the same time thrown to td almost its original intensity, I directed General Meade to re-form his division across the Bowling Green road, and ordered the remainder of Berry's brigade, which had come up, to the support of the
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Sedgwick at Fredericksburg and Salem Heights. (search)
of the 2d of May Hooker sent word to Sedgwick to take up his line on the Chancellorsville road and attack and destroy any forces he might meet. He also added that he (Sedgwick) would probably fall upon the rear of Lee's forces, and between them they would use Lee up. If Hooker thought an insignificant force was in Sedgwick's front, the engagement soon to take place showed how mistaken he was. Sedgwick received the order about 11 o'clock at night. He at once advanced his command to the Bowling Green road and then marched by the right flank toward Fredericksburg. Newton's division was in the advance. The night was dark and the road made darker by the foliage of the trees on either side. The progress was necessarily slow. Frequent short halts were made while the skirmishers were feeling their way. Once, when the, halt was prolonged and nothing broke the deep silence of the night except an occasional shot followed by the never-to-be-forgotten ping of the minie-ball, General Newton,
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 7: military operations in Missouri, New Mexico, and Eastern Kentucky--capture of Fort Henry. (search)
your brave associates its profound thanks for the service you have rendered. The moral effect of the victory on the Confederates was dismal, and drew forth the most serious complaints against the authorities at Richmond, and especially against Mallory, the so-called Secretary of the Navy. Painful apprehensions of future calamities were awakened; for it was felt that, if Fort Donelson should now fall, the Confederate cause in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Missouri must be ruined. The first great step toward that event had been taken. The National troops were now firmly planted in the rear of Columbus, on the Mississippi, and were only about ten miles by land from the bridge over which was the railway connection between that post and Bowling Green. There was also nothing left to obstruct the passage of gunboats up the Tennessee to the fertile regions of Northern Alabama, and carrying the flag of the Republic far toward the heart of the Confederacy. Tail-piece — delivery of a swor
s based on a simultaneous action, action in one and the same moment of time, the plan of the defense must be based on a consecutive action, or action in two consecutive moments of time. To bring those two consecutive moments of time as near as possible to each other, the rebels, in their defense, have to make the best use of their central position, and they have to complete their interior lines of communication, as would be a railway from Manassas Junction to Fredericksburg and one from Bowling Green to King William. To make their successive action possible, if even A and AI act simultaneously, they have to oppose such artificial obstacles to the advance of A and AI that they would be enabled to act with their main body against the one of the two which offers the first chance, while the other is occupied with the surmounting of those artificial obstacles. The amount of those obstacles must be calculated by the time the rebels need to pass from one action to the other. B's line of
1865 2 Lavergne, Tenn., Oct. 8, 1862 1 McAfee's X Roads, June 11, 1864 2 Picket Duty 2 Bowling Green, Ky., Oct. 22, 1862 1 Noonday Creek, Ga., June 20, 1864 3 Guerrillas 2 Stone's River, Tena. 3 Crampton's Gap, Md. 27 Spotsylvania, Va. 59 Antietam, Md. 2 Cedar Creek, Va. 3 Bowling Green Road, Va. 17 Cold Harbor, Va. 3 Salem Heights, Va.     Present, also, at West Pointof Petersburg, Va. 5 Spotsylvania, Va., May 18, 1864 1 Hatcher's Run, March 29, 1865 1 Bowling Green, Va. 1 Gravelly Run, Va., March 31, 1865 1 North Anna, Va. 1 Five Forks, Va., April 1, 181864 1 Kenesaw Mountain, Ga. 4 Place unknown 2 Present, also, at Dry Mountain, Ky.; Bowling Green, Ky.; Lavergne, Tenn.; Dug Gap, Ga.; Mission Ridge, Tenn.; Resaca, Ga.; New Hope Church, Ga.ed to Bacon Creek, Ky., where it went into winter-quarters. In February Mitchel advanced to Bowling Green, Ky., and thence to Nashville; during the next month. his division marched through Tennesse
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