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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 242 36 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 68 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 36 2 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events, Diary from December 17, 1860 - April 30, 1864 (ed. Frank Moore) 30 8 Browse Search
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865 16 16 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I. 15 1 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 7. (ed. Frank Moore) 12 0 Browse Search
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 12 12 Browse Search
Philip Henry Sheridan, Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan, General, United States Army . 10 0 Browse Search
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 10 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for Buffalo, N. Y. (New York, United States) or search for Buffalo, N. Y. (New York, United States) in all documents.

Your search returned 19 results in 11 document sections:

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An′i-mals. In the nomenclature of the mechanic arts, the names of animals have not been entirely overlooked e. g.: — Ass.Cricket.Hound.Rat. Bear.Crow.Jack.Seal. Bee.Dog.Jenny.Serpent. Beetle.Dolphin.Kite.Skate. Buck.Drill.Leech.Slug. Buffalo.Fish.Lizard.Snail. Bull-dog.Fly.Mole.Sole. Butterfly.Fox.Monkey.Starling. Camel.Frog.Mouse.Swift. Cat.Goose.Mule.Throstle. Cock.Hawk.Pig.Turtle. Cow.Hedgehog.Pike.Urchin. Crab.Hog.Ram.Worm. Crane.Horse. Each of these useful animals i43. The Washington Observatory about 1844. The Georgetown, D. C., Observatory in 1844. The Cincinnati Observatory in 1845. The Cambridge Observatory in 1847. The Amherst Observatory in 1847. Dartmouth, Newark, Shelbyville, Ky., Buffalo, Michigan University, Albany, and Hamilton College, have also observatories. A good article on the astronomical observatories of the United States may be found in Harper's Magazine, June, 1856. See also Observations at the Washington Observa
tremity. Breakwaters. The width of the structure is 175 feet at base and 30 feet at top, and it is composed of rough blocks of stone. A transverse section is shown at c, Fig. 882. The inner slope has an angle of 45°, the outer slope has an inclination of 3 base to 1 of hight to a depth of about 19 feet below the highest spring-tides, and from thence to the bottom of 45°. Breakwaters have also been constructed by the United States government at several lake-ports, particularly at Buffalo and Cleveland on Lake Erie, and Chicago on Lake Michigan. The covering pier or breakwater of Buffalo Harbor (d, Fig. 883) is built of stone, and cost about 8200,--000. The illustration shows a cross-section. It measures 1,452 feet in length. The top of the pier on which the roadway is formed measures eighteen feet in breadth, and is elevated about five feet above the level of the water in the harbor. On the side of the roadway which is exposed to the lake, a parapetwall, five feet in
s. The Erie Canal was commenced in 1817, and completed in 1825. The main line leading from Albany, on the Hudson, to Buffalo, on Lake Erie, measures 363 miles in length, and cost about $7,200,000. The Champlain, Oswego, Chemung, Cayuga, and Croochurch service, is also called a chime, or altar chime. A new carillon of bells manufactured in France and mounted in Buffalo, is 43 in number. They are worked by a keyboard, and discourse beautiful music. Attached to the carillon, and indepe. These machines worked successfully for years. H. H. Day now proposes to transfer the power of the Niagara Falls to Buffalo, minus certain admitted losses in working, which would leave a handsome surplus. Also the lower falls at Rochester, N. e.Cloth-press. Brushing-machine.Cloth-shearing machine. Bucking.Cloth-smoothing machine. Bucking-keir.Cloth-sponger. Buffalo.Cloth-stretcher. Bunch.Cloth-teaseler. Bundle.Cloth-tenter-bar. Bundling-press.Coiling or laying slivers. Burling-ir
outs is 12,000 bushels an hour. A vessel with a capacity for 18,000 bushels may be loaded in an hour and a half. The Oswego and Ogdensburg schooners and vessels destined for the Welland Canal usually take on from 12,000 to 20,000 bushels. The Buffalo vessels are larger, often receiving 30,000, and in a few cases 45,000 bushels. 4. (Surgical.) An instrument employed in raising portions of bone which have been depressed, or for raising and detaching the portion of bone separated by the crce in the harbor much damaged, and a number of lives were lost. An explosion of a storehouse containing some hundreds of pounds of nitro-glycerine took place at Fairport, Ohio, in 1870, accompanied with much loss of life. The shock was felt at Buffalo, 160 miles distant. Nobel, in 1867, invented a compound called dynamite, which consists of three parts nitroglycerine and one part of porous earth. Dynamite is supposed to be safe against explosion from concussion or pressure. See dynamite.
part goes to waste. Pipes have been laid to Titusville, and two hundred and fifty dwelling-houses, shops, etc., are now supplied with the gas for illumination and fuel. For heating purposes it is admirable, but for illumination it requires to be passed through naphtha, as it is deficient in carbon. If the owners could satisfy themselves of the continuity of the gas flow, we presume that pipes would be laid from the well to several of the large cities, such as Pittsburg, Cleveland, and Buffalo. The process of making gas consists in the distillation of coal, though other forms of hydrocarbon will yield it, and the subsequent purification of the same to purge it of noxious matters, — tar, ammonia, and sulphur. These operations are conducted respectively in the gas-retort, condenser, washer, and purifier (which see). The coal is placed in the retort a by means of long scoops, which are handled by three men, two scoopfuls forming a charge, — 220 pounds. The retort is of iron o
Hippopotamus-hide makes a leather of great thickness, resembling a board when tanned. It is used in the construction of implements used for beetling in bleaching and washing cotton and linen goods. Alligator-skins are now largely used. Buffalo, elephant, shark, and rhinoceros skins also find their way to the tan-vat and a market. 1. Morocco leather is made from goat and kid skins, a peculiar grain being given to the surface. 2. Chamois, shammy, shamoy, or shamois leather was orire,— Alum-leather.Lamb-skin. American leather.Line-leather. Backs.Linings. Band-leather.Maroquin. Bazil.Oil-leather. Belt-leather.Pad-leather. Bridle-leather.Patent-leather. Bronze-leather.Roan. Buckskin-leather.Rough-tanned leather. Buffalo.Russet-leather. Buff-leather.Rough-tanned leather. Butts.Saddle-leather. Calf-skin.Saffian. Chamois-leather.Salted hides. Cordovan-leather.Seal-skin. Curried leather.Shagreen. Deer-skin.Sheep-skin. Dog-skin.Shoe and boot leather. Dyed l
culverin. Pel′le-tan-jet. An annular jet of steam used as a form of pump to induce a flow of liquid in an opening within or around the said issuing jet. It differs in principle in no substantial respect from the Giffard injector (which see). See also steamjet; aspirator; ejector. Pe-lo′pi-um. Symbol, Pe. A rare metal. Pelt. 1. The undressed skin of a beast with the hair on. They may be large or small, but are usually (not always) intended for furs or felting. Peltry. Buffalo, wolf, gray fox, etc., are for robes. Mink, otter, lynx, marten, sable, black fox, etc., are for wearing furs. Musk-rat, coypu, beaver, musquash, hare, rabbit, and others, for the fine hair nearest the hide, for the purpose of felting. Sheepskins with the wool on are also called pelts. When the hair is removed they become mere skins. As tanned pelts they form mats. 2. The ball-leather used in making inking-pads. Pelvimeter. Pel-vim′e-ter. (Surgical.) An instrument
globe. The figures for Smithsonian Institution by C. A. Schott, Esq.:— Brunswick, Me44.68 Hanover, N. H.40.32 Burlington, Vt.34.15 New Bedford, Mass41.42 Providence, R. I.41.54 Fort Columbus, N. Y. Harbor43.24 Penn Yan, N. Y.28.42 Buffalo, N. Y.33.84 Newark, N. J.44.85 Philadelphia, Pa44.05 Pittsburgh, Pa37.09 Washington, D. C.37.52 Baltimore, Md. (Fort McHenry)41.10 Fortress Monroe, Va.47.04 White sulphur Springs, Va37.54 Gaston, N. C.43.40 Charleston, S. C.43.63 Savannah,ger of ink attaching itself to the plate in inking — wax is dropped upon the ground before blackleading, so as to make elevations at those points which become depressions in the electro-cast. This process was adopted by Jewett and Chandler of Buffalo for many years in making the cuts for the Patent Office reports, and is still practiced by Mr. Chandler in making the cuts forming the illustrations of this Dictionary and numerous other works. Re-lief′–pro′cess. See photo-relief proc
structor. His devices were eminently worthy of the engineer on the principle of Leupold's maxim, — Artis est naturam imitare. Of the fourth description are the solid breakwaters of Plymouth, Cherbourg, Cette, at the mouth of the Delaware, Buffalo, and elsewhere. Sea-walls are made in many places to protect harbors or to save the land from encroachment. When faced with coursed masonry, they may have the form shown at B. a is an earthen embankment; b, a solid wall or core of puddle;per mile. The saving in cost of transportation by the use of steam is estimated at $3,000,000 dollars annually, assuming the present business of the canal as a basis. Boats of this kind are now habitually making the round trip from New York to Buffalo and back in two weeks, occasionally in 12 days, and a speed of 6 miles an hour has been attained on the canal without detriment to its banks. These boats are of the propeller class, and employ the Baxter marine engine, a simplified form of surf
a weight greater than that of a continuous line of locomotives covering the span, — and left in that condition for three days; the deflection amounted to but one inch, and, on the removal of the load, the truss resumed exactly its former position. The entire cost of the bridge was about $1,500,000. Bridge-trusses. Fig. 6710, 6711, show several forms of trusses adopted by the principal bridge-building firms in the United States. See also iron bridge. a, Kellogg Bridge Company, Buffalo, N. Y. b, American Bridge Company. c, Phoenixville Bridge Company, Philadelphia. d, Watson Manufacturing Company, Paterson, N. J. Bridge-trusses. e, Detroit Bridge and Iron Works, Detroit, Mich. f, Baltimore Bridge Company, Baltimore, Md. g, Kellogg and Maurice, Athens, Pa. h, Niagara Bridge Works, Niagara, N. Y. i, Macdonald, New York. j, Louisville Bridge and Iron Company, Louisville, Ky. k, Patapsco Bridge and Iron Works, Baltimore, Md. Trussed Gird′er.
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