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ir of business. Under an energy and perseverance so systematic and undeviating the account has been gradually reduced, item by item. On the night of Sunday, the eighth of March, 1863, it may fairly be considered that the account was discharged. To come to the narrative of the event alluded to, and which it is the design of this paper to describe: Previous to the eighth of March Captain Mosby had put himself to much trouble to discover, the strength and positions of the enemy in Fairfax county, with the design of making a raid in that direction, if circumstances permitted. The information brought to him was as follows: On the Little River turnpike at Germantown, a mile or two distant from Fairfax, were three regiments of the enemy's cavalry, commanded by Colonel Wyndham, Acting Brigadier-General, with his headquarters at the Court-House. Within a few hundred yards of the town were two infantry regiments. In the vicinity of Fairfax Station, about two miles off, an infantry b
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 3: a cavalry officer of the army of the United States. (search)
mmander, Robert E. Lee, his executor, summoned them together within his lines and gave them their free papers, as well as passes through the Confederate lines to go whither they would. Mr. Custis in his will says: I give and bequeath to my dearly beloved daughter, Mary Custis Lee, my Arlington House estate, containing seven hundred acres, more or less, and my mill on Four Mile Run, in the County of Alexandria, and the lands of mine adjacent to said mill in the counties of Alexandria and Fairfax, in the State of Virginia, the use and benefit of all just mentioned during the term of her natural life. . . . My daughter, Mary Custis Lee, has the privilege by this will of dividing my family plate among my grandchildren; but the Mount Vernon plate, together with every article I possess relating to Washington, and that came from Mount Vernon, is to remain with my daughter at Arlington House during said daughter's life, and at her death to go to my eldest grandson, George Washington Custi
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 5: invasion of Virginia. (search)
and Butler, at Fort Monroe, was protesting against Scott's order to send to Washington his Illinois volunteers. All conditions were favorable to a march through Maryland by the Southern army, and either capture the Federal capital or occupy the strategic point at the junction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad with the Washington and Baltimore Railroad at the Relay House. Thousands of Marylanders whose sympathies were with the South would have increased the numbers of the Confederate army. Fairfax and Loudoun counties in Virginia, and Howard and Montgomery counties in Maryland, were teeming with food for men and horses. Half a million rounds of ammunition for small arms had been captured. Gorgas, chief of ordnance, had many rounds also in Richmond, for on July 14th General Lee ordered him to send a full supply to General Wise in West Virginia. Besides ammunition, large quantities of muskets, pistols, knapsacks, swords, cannons, blankets, wagons, ambulances, hospital and subsistenc
hree cheers were given for General Dix and the Federal Union, with a tiger, and in less than three minutes the whole ceremonies were over, and the regiment on its way to camp again. The men looked well, and marched well, and evinced that enthusiasm for the National cause which has always distinguished them.--Baltimore American, December 6. A foraging expedition, under command of Gen. George F. Meade, consisting of the Second brigade of Gen. McCall's division, left Camp Pierpont, Fairfax County, Va., to-day, with a large number of transportation wagons. They saw nothing of the enemy, but obtained from a farm about three miles from Dranseville, on the Leesburg turnpike, Va., a large quantity of wheat, oats, corn, potatoes, brick, and lumber; twenty-seven fat hogs, a pair of fat oxen, a wagon, and seven horses; with all of which they reached their quarters near Langley, Va., about sundown.--Forney's War Press (Phil.), December 14. A riot occurred at Nashville, Tenn., occasion
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., A bit of partisan service. (search)
e had suffered. He seemed to be animated. by the most vindictive hatred for his former comrades. I felt an instinctive confidence in his sincerity which he never betrayed. After I had thoroughly tested his fidelity I made him a lieutenant. He served with me until he was killed in October, :1864. I questioned Ames closely about the location of the camps and outposts, and he confirmed the knowledge I had previously obtained. I determined first to take him on a trial-trip down into Fairfax County. There was a cavalry post at a certain school-house, and I started with Ames one afternoon to attack it. A deep snow was on the ground, and it was raining and sleeting. About two weeks before, I had captured the same post, but I thought they would not expect me back so soon. To satisfy my men I did not let Ames carry any arms, for they all were certain that he had been sent to decoy me into a trap. The soldiers in the Union camps slept soundly that night, for they felt sure that noth
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 20: commencement of civil War. (search)
it afforded valuable information to the insurgents. General Sandford, of the New York militia, took temporary command of the forces on Arlington Hights; and when he ascertained that the family of Colonel Lee had left Arlington House a fortnight before, he made that fine mansion his Headquarters, and sent word to Lee, then at Richmond, that he would see that his premises should receive no harm. He issued a proclamation, May 25, 1861. in which he assured the frightened inhabitants of Fairfax County that no one, peaceably inclined, should be molested, and he exhorted the fugitives to return to their homes and resume their accustomed avocations. Two days afterward, May 27. he was succeeded by General McDowell, of the regular Army, who was appointed to the command of all the National forces then in Virginia. Colonel Wilcox, who was in command at Alexandria, was succeeded by Colonel Charles P. Stone, who, as we have observed, had been in charge of the troops for the protection of Wa
n the Southern section of the Republic. The price of slaves in Fairfax County is the same as here given. Sale of servants.-- A. H. e, but work, they say, is precarious and fluctuating. Iii. Fairfax county. Alexandria final views Suburbs of Alexandria a smallan's speech, or allusions to the Federal Constitution. Iv. Fairfax county. Fairfax Court House a white slave his story Northern Abolitionists, perhaps, in Virginia, at A farmer's House in Fairfax county, May 18.--Fairfax Court House, from which I dated my last letteightly and haggard appearance. It supports a paper, called the Fairfax County News, from the last but one issue of which I learn — and the faists. If they alone, or chiefly, are the fathers of mulattoes, Fairfax county, Henrietta county, and every part of Virginia I have visited, ae. It was an uncompleted line, I afterwards found — this was in Fairfax county--which had been stopped for want of funds, although intersectin
escape themselves scot free — not only free from Scott, but from all our other Generals. They wish to enjoy entire quietude, in order to raise their cotton, that they may hold it out to foreign nations as a bribe to break our blockade. That is their object and their heart's desire. They wish, also, to intrench themselves within those Border States, where they can get plenty of subsistence, and wring a reluctant support from the Union men of those States. The counties of Alexandria and Fairfax gave an immense Union vote when the question was submitted to them; and, at the last vote upon the Ordinance of Secession, they would have given the same vote for the Union if they had not been restrained by the bayonets of the Confederate troops; for, in whatever part of Virginia they were free from the Confederate bayonets, they gave a majority of votes against Secession. The same was the case in Tennessee. Any such plan as that which The Times says is Gen. Scott's plan of carrying on t
my, one hundred strong, is only a mile from town, on the road to Fairfax Court House. Lieut. Tompkins, of the cavalry company, went out reconnoitring this evening, and discovered obstructions on the road a short distance from town. The half demolished train of platform cars that carried the Ohio troops on their unfortunate reconnoissance of this point, some weeks since, is still standing where it was fired upon from the masked battery. Leonard B. Perkins, a well-known Union man of Fairfax County, acts as guide to the division. General Tyler's staff will spend the night at the house of Mr. J. B. Bowman, another enthusiastic Union man, who made himself so obnoxious to the rebels by transporting the dead and wounded Ohio men into Alexandria free of charge. The wife of Colonel Richardson, commanding the Fourth brigade, is the only lady with the expedition. Great relief is felt by all the Union men in this vicinity in consequence of the appearance of the Union troops, as reb
The murderers of the United States pickets near Alexandria.--It is undoubtedly the understanding among the people residing in the neighborhood of the pickets of Gen. McDowell's command, and the line of pickets of the disunionists in Gen. McDowell's immediate vicinity, that the nightly attempts being made to murder the United States picket guards by stealthily creeping up in the bush and firing at their backs, is the work of the two brothers of the late James Jackson, who killed Col. Ellsworth. They are said to be finely mounted, and we (personally) know well, know every cow trail in the vicinity of the United States lines in Fairfax and Alexandria counties. They are believed to head a company of some fifteen or twenty. It is necessary that their assassin work should be summarily stopped, as it can be, it seems to us, by a constantly moving patrol thrown out a short distance in advance of the regular picket guards.--Washington Star, June 5.
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