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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 28: passage of the fleet by Vicksburg and capture of Grand Gulf.--capture of Alexandria, etc. (search)
cksburg, and shortly afterwards six of these, on a dark night, passed down in charge of their pilots — a daring set of men who never shrunk from any dangerous service,--only one steamer was sunk by the enemy's shot. A sufficient number of gun boats had been left at the mouth of the Yazoo River to take care of the upper Mississippi, and to look out for two formidable rams that were building at Yazoo City, forty miles from the mouth of the river. Sherman remained with his division at Young's Point, ready to make another attack from the Yazoo if opportunity offered, and also to protect the supplies at Milliken's Bend from General Sterling Price, who with a large Confederate force was encamped some thirty miles away on the west bank of the Mississippi. The Mississippi Marine Brigade, consisting of two thousand men, under Brigadier-General Alfred Ellet, in six or seven large steamers, was left there. These flying troops were attached to the Navy. Every precaution had been taken
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 30: (search)
on was created throughout the country by a thrilling account of an attack made on a body of colored troops stationed at Milliken's Bend, by a portion of the Confederate army under General Price. Milliken's Bend is but two or three miles above Young's Point and was in daily communication with that place. It was a mooted question whether the blacks enlisted as soldiers would be reliable in battle and they were mostly employed, as at Milliken's Bend, in guarding stores or in other duty, where t General Price, or his subordinate. General Holmes, which hung about the swampy region to the west of Vicksburg, found, on the surrender of that place, their occupation gone. All the Federal stores and munitions of war were transferred from Young's Point and Milliken's Bend to Vicksburg, and the Confederates could no longer hope to replenish their stock by raids on these points. General Price therefore determined to change his base and carry on operations elsewhere. He was an active, enterp
ands — for operating against the place. On the 30th of January, 1863, Grant having left Memphis, took the command at Young's Point in Louisiana, on the western bank of Mississippi, not far above Vicksburg, bent on solving the problem. It was a wund immediately behind. This gave so limited a space, that one corps of Grant's army, when he assumed the command at Young's Point, was at Lake Providence, seventy miles above Vicksburg. The troops suffered much from malarial fevers and other sick lay encamped, then to cross the Mississippi, and thus to be able to attack Vicksburg from the south and east. Above Young's Point, at Milliken's Bend, begins a series of bayous, forming, as it were, the chord of an immense bend of the Mississippi, risk incurred by himself; but mentioning it, he is at pains to minimise it. When he assumed command in person at Young's Point, General McClernand, from whom the command now passed to Grant, his senior and superior, showed temper and remonstrat
day; the doors and windows of Dr. Cox's (Presbyterian) church being broken, with those of Dr. Ludlow's church; while a Baptist, a Methodist, and a Protestant Episcopal church, belonging to colored congregations, were badly shattered, and one of them nearly destroyed, as was a school-house for colored children, and many dwellings inhabited by negroes, while others were seriously injured. Many rioters were arrested during these days by the police, but none of them was ever punished. Newark, New Jersey, imitated this riot on the 11th, but with indifferent success. A church was somewhat injured. Philadelphia followed on the 13th of August. Her riots lasted three nights, and the harmless and powerless blacks were mainly their victims. Forty-four houses (mostly small) were destroyed or seriously injured. Among them was a colored Presbyterian church. Several of the blacks were chased and assaulted, one of them being beaten to death, and another losing his life in attempting to sw
ndertook to prevent him. The other was sold for $750 to an honorable slave-holder in Warsaw, Ky., who, upon proof of the outrage, promptly and cheerfully returned him to freedom. One girl, who was hired from New York, to live as a servant in Newark, N. J., was taken directly through Newark to Washington, and there offered to a slave-trader for $600, but not accepted; when she, having become alarmed, appealed to the hotel-keeper for protection; whereupon the kidnappers abandoned her, but were uNewark to Washington, and there offered to a slave-trader for $600, but not accepted; when she, having become alarmed, appealed to the hotel-keeper for protection; whereupon the kidnappers abandoned her, but were ultimately arrested at Ellicott's Mills, Md., and returned to New-York, where the husband was convicted, and sent to the penitentiary. In one instance, a negro, near Edwardsville, Ills., who had been employed in the work of capturing several alleged fugitives, finally met a white man on the highway, presented a pistol, and arrested him as a runaway slave, for whom a reward of $200 had been offered. The white man happened, however, to be acquainted in Edwardsville, and was thus enabled to establ
he had been, upon a careful canvass and comparison of the Electoral votes by Congress, proclaimed February 13th. by Vice-President Breckinridge the duly elected President of the United States, for four years from the 4th of March ensuing. Immense crowds surrounded the stations at which the special train halted wherein he, with his family and a few friends, was borne eastward through Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Columbus, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Erie, Buffalo, Albany, New York City, Trenton, Newark, Philadelphia, Lancaster, and Harrisburg, on his way to the White House. He was everywhere received and honored as the chief of a free people; and his unstudied remarks in reply to the complimentary addresses which he day by day received indicated his decided disbelief in any bloody issue of our domestic complications. Thus, at Indianapolis, where he spent the first night of his journey, he replied to an address of welcome from Gov. Morton, as follows: fellow-citizens of the State o
g all fanatics, and adopting the Montgomery Constitution, thus legalizing slaveholding as well as slavehunting on their soil. Among those who were understood to urge such adhesion were Gov. Seymour, of New York, Judge Woodward and Francis W. Hughes, For many years, Chairman of the Democratic State Committee. of Pennsylvania, Rodman M. Price, Formerly Representative in Congress from California; since, Democratic Governor of New Jersey. Gov. Price's letter to L. W. Burnett, Esq., of Newark, N. J., appeared in The Newark Mercury of April 4, 1861. lie says: If we find that to remain with the North, separated from those who have, heretofore, consumed our manufactures, and given employment to a large portion of our labor, deprived of that reciprocity of trade which we have hitherto enjoyed, our Commerce will cease, European competition will be invited to Southern markets, our people be compelled to seek employment else-where, our State becoming depopulated and impoverished, ther
she burns the Harvey Birch; is blockaded by the Tuscarora, etc., 603. National Intelligencer, The, its letter from Henry Clay, 162 to 64; on the President's call, 460; letter to, supposed to be from Gen. Scott, 549. Nebraska, the Kansas struggle, 224 to 251. Nelson, Gen. Wm., at Piketon, Ky., 616, Nelson, Judge Samuel, 252; on Dred Scott, 257. Nelson, Thos. A. R.,of Tenn., renounces the Union on his way to Congress, 555. Nevada Territory, organized by Congress, 388. Newark, N. J., pro-Slavery riots at, 126. Newby, D., killed at Harper's Ferry, 292. New Hampshire, 20; slave population in 1790; troops furnished during the Revolution, 36; abolishes Slavery, 108; State election of 1860, 326. New Jersey, slave population of; troops furnished during the Revolution, 36; Legislature favors the Missouri Restriction, 77; first Abolition Society in, 197; provides for Emancipation, 108; Republican triumph in, in 1858, 300. New Mexico, in Congress, 190 to 196; 201
endurance of 12 to 15 hours, the raging sea began to lift the deck from the hull with every surge. Ere this, her fires had been extinguished, her boats, all but one, filled or stove, and her men utterly exhausted by long fasting and exposure to the cold waves which broke over them continually; while no attention was paid from the fleet to their signal of distress, or even their hail to the S. R. Spaulding, which passed out to sea. At length, two mechanies, W. H. and Charles A. Beach, of Newark, N. J., launched the yawl, and, aided by engineer Wm. Miller, steward Geo. Mason, and Hugh McCabe, fireman, pulled successfully through the surf, over the bar, to the fleet, whence boats were at once dispatched to take off the remainder of the crew, who were speedily rescued. The vessel and cargo were totally lost; as were the steam gunboat Zouave, the transports Louisiana and Pocahontas, and two or three others. Col. J. W. Allen and Surgeon S. F. Weller, 9th New Jersey, were drowned Jan.
a total of 218 out of 560 engaged. The regiment arrived at Helena, Ark., in July, 1862, remaining there five months and then embarking in December, 1862, for Chickasaw Bayou, where it was under fire. The spring of 1863 was passed in camp at Young's Point, on the Mississippi, where its ranks were sadly depleted by disease. The Ninth was actively engaged at the Siege of Vicksburg, losing there 121 killed or wounded. In the assault on Vicksburg, May 19th, it lost 4 killed and 12 wounded; in thson's Creek beat them all. After this battle the regiment was stationed in Missouri until May, 1862, when it was ordered to Corinth. The summer of 1862 was spent in opening and guarding the Mobile & Ohio R. R. In January, 1863, it moved to Young's Point, opposite Vicksburg, where the regiment was mounted by order of General Grant. It served as mounted infantry during the ensuing eighteen months, including the siege of Vicksburg, after which it joined the expedition to Natchez. During this
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