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Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 2: the overture. (search)
ne, and in case of the success of either, to take Petersburg by direct front attack. To carry out this plan hese corps on the left of our entrenchments before Petersburg, were to be taken by troops of the Army of the Jaorps were to hold their old positions in front of Petersburg, ready to break through the enemy's works if theyould like you to cross the Southside Road between Petersburg and Burkesville, and destroy it to some extent. . The principal road leading out westerly from Petersburg is the Boydton Plank Road, for the first ten mile The enemy's main line of entrenchments west from Petersburg covered the important Boydton Plank Road, but onl on the Southside Railroad ten miles distant from Petersburg, covering this road till it strikes Hatcher's Runnfidence of quick success. If Lee's lines before Petersburg were held in place, it would be easy work to cut ications, turn his right, and roll him back upon Petersburg or Richmond; if, on the other hand, his main line
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 3: the White Oak Road. (search)
roads were impracticable for a rapid movement like that demanded. Grant's predilection for his forceful and brilliant cavalry commander could not overcome the material difficulty of moving the Sixth Corps from its place in the main line before Petersburg: he could only offer him the Fifth. And Meade, with meekness quite suggestive of a newly regenerate nature, seems to have offered no objection to this distraction from the main objective, and this inauguration of proceedings which repeatedly b Beyond doubt it was Grant's plan when he formed his new purpose on the night of the twenty-ninth, to turn the enemy on their Claiborne flank, and follow this up sharply by vigorous assault on the weakest point of their main line in front of Petersburg. The positions taken up by the Fifth and Second Corps are explained by such a purpose, and the trying tasks and hard fighting required of them for the first three days are therein justified. The evidence of this purpose is ample. Everythi
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 4: Five Forks. (search)
he be removed from the command of the army. (Serial No. 80, p. 35.) It now appears that Warren was in great disfavor with Meade also, after arriving before Petersburg. Meade called upon Warren to ask to be relieved from command of his corps on the alternative that charges would be preferred against him. (Dana's despatch, Jun had been through Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Bethesda Church, the North Anna, Petersburg:we had formed habits. We went into a fight with knowledge of what it meant and what was to be done. We went at things with dogged resolution; not much show; nher intended for excuse or sarcasm. He answers that his troops, most of them, had fought at Gettysburg, and through the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and the Weldon Railroad, and none of them had ever but once fought behind breastworks. Ibid, p. 450. The unsteadiness of Ayres' skirmishers was no vita
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 5: the week of flying fights. (search)
irtually turned the right of the defenses of Petersburg and broken the Confederate hold upon Virginit across Hatcher's Run to just south west of Petersburg, and faced them towards it. If he had done right's and Ord's attacks, and closing in on Petersburg. Sheridan, arriving at the ClaiborneRoad anmarch off in the opposite direction, towards Petersburg. It is certainly a curious conjuncture thats to be faced to the right and moved towards Petersburg. This appears to settle that part of the qu train that tried to run the gauntlet out of Petersburg under the Confederate flag. This train was burden of the retreat from the direction of Petersburg to fall this way, I prepared to hold this ropose of cutting off the enemy's retreat from Petersburg. This day was remarkable in the fact that t the jewelers and possibly the milliners, of Petersburg and Richmond had been disappointed in a vente center of the enemy's entrenchments before Petersburg to join our force and had with him the Twent[8 more...]
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 6: Appomattox. (search)
selves at Gettysburg by their heroism and their losses, with a fine new regiment of full ranks,--mostly veterans also. I devoted my best energies to the perfecting of this command during the campaign before Richmond and the opening assaults on Petersburg, but in the first battle here was severely wounded leading a charge, after rather presumptuously advising against it. Here General Grant promoted me on the field to Brigadier-General in terms referring to previous history. Returning to the fron Marye's Heights at Fredericksburg, close before which we piled our dead for breastworks so that the living might stay and live. Here too come Gordon's Georgians and Hoke's North Carolinians, who stood before the terrific mine explosion at Petersburg, and advancing retook the smoking crater and the dismal heaps of dead-ours more than theirs-huddled in the ghastly chasm. Here are the men of McGowan, Hunton, and Scales, who broke the Fifth Corps lines on the White Oak Road, and were so de
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 7: the return of the Army. (search)
out for permanent duty along the railroad between Burkeville and Petersburg, and the next morning we moved for the new field. Ayres' Divisiomy division, the First, took up the line from Wilson's Station to Petersburg, headquarters being at Wilson's. The distance from here to PetersPetersburg being twenty-seven miles, made for me a disproportionate responsibility, and an order from army headquarters terminated my jurisdiction aere kept very busy. Even the relief of duty from Sutherland's to Petersburg left us seventeen miles to care for, and enlarging duties. Our n on the 3d the corps took up its march along the Cox Road towards Petersburg. That was an interesting and picturesque march. The successive we had forced back Fitzhugh Lee and caught the last train out of Petersburg under Confederate auspices; then Sutherland's, ten miles farther,ze the Crater of the Mine of fearful memory. And now we enter Petersburg, filled with thoughts that fleck the sunshine; pondering the para
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 9: the last review. (search)
itable Prin. Cilley, with his 1st Maine Cavalry; these now sent to complete the peace around Petersburg. Now rides the provost marshal general, gallant George Macy of the 20th Massachusetts, hisghty tread, our horses hardly able to keep their feet, bearing us over to the gloomy tests of Petersburg, the long beginning of the end. And where are the brave young feet that pressed your well-auntless Morrow, of the Iron Brigade, erect above the scars of Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and Petersburg; resolute Baxter, and bold Dick Coulter,--veterans, marked, too, with wounds. Theirs is the b daring spirit; Prescott, of the 32d Massachusetts, who lay touching feet with me after mortal Petersburg of June 18th, under the midnight requiem of the somber pines,--I doomed of all to go, and biddand men in that single action. This same 1st Maine, afterwards in the rashly-bidden charge at Petersburg, June 18, 1864, added to its immortal roll six hundred and thirty-two lost in that futile assa
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 10: Sherman's Army. (search)
slike to Western men, but quite the contrary, as very many of them bore close relationship to our New England families; and as to the merits of Sherman's army we did not hesitate to do it justice or give it sincere and generous praise. The taunts thrown at us by men on that side met the retort from similar characters on our side that in their boasted march to the sea they met only fat turkeys and sucking pigs. What little truth there might have been under this satire we were not disposed to inquire, but did our best to rebuke such expressions and cultivate all around a spirit of broad loyalty and common good-will; as to the claim that Sherman's army did all the fighting, we rested on the testimony of official figures, which showed the losses of Sherman's army from Chattanooga to Atlanta, 31,687 men; Meade's losses for the same period, from the Rapidan to Petersburg, 88,387. Time, however, soon settled these bickerings by separation and return to the duties of a common citizenship.
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Military order of the Loyal Legion of the United States: headquarters Commandery of the State of Maine. (search)
e consolidation of two brigades of Pennsylvania troops of the 1st Corps and Chamberlain was assigned to the command by General Warren, commanding the corps. At Petersburg, on the 18th of June, he led an attack on a strong position from which a heavy artillery fire was directed on his advance. Many of his men were swept down and e Inf'y Volunteers, for meritorious and efficient services on the field of battle and especially for gallant conduct in leading his brigade against the enemy at Petersburg on the 18th inst., in which he was dangerously wounded, hereby, in pursuance of the authority of the Secretary of War, is appointed Brig. Gen. of U. S. Voluntee Operations on the White Oak Road, Virginia, March 31, 1865, read December 6, 1893; in Volume II, Five Forks, read May 2, 1900; in Volume III, Reminiscences of Petersburg and Appomattox, October, 1903, read March 2, 1904, and The Grand review of the Army of the Potomac, read May 2, 1906. Among the papers in the hands of the Publ
e year 1864, and the spring of 1865. At Trevillian's, Sheridan was driven back and Charlottesville saved; on the Weldon railroad the Federal cavalry, under Kautz and Wilson, was nearly cut to pieces, and broke in disorder, leaving on the roads their wagons, cannons, ambulances, their dead men and horses; near Bellfield the Federal column sent to destroy the railroad was encountered, stubbornly opposed, and driven back before they could burn the bridge at Hicksford; at Burgess' Mill, near Petersburg, where General Grant made his first great blow with two corps of infantry, at the Southside railroad, Hampton met them in front and flank, fought them all an October day nearly, lost his brave son Preston, dead from a bullet on the field, but in conjunction with Mahone, that hardy fighter, sent the enemy in haste back to their works; thus saving for the time the great war artery of the Southern army. Thenceforward, until he was sent to South Carolina, Hampton held the right of Lee in the
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