Browsing named entities in HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks). You can also browse the collection for Salem (Massachusetts, United States) or search for Salem (Massachusetts, United States) in all documents.

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Chapter 1: Name and location. Medford, a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, lies in 42° 25′ 14″ 42, north latitude, and 71° 07′ 14″ 32, west longitude. It is about five miles N. N. W. from the State House in Boston; and about four miles N. W. by N. from Bunker-Hill Monument. It borders on Somerville, West Cambridge, Winchester, Stoneham, Melrose, and Malden. It received the name of Meadford from the adventurers who arrived at Salem, in May, 1630, and came thence to settle here in June. When these first comers marked the flatness and extent of the marshes, resembling vast meads or meadows, it may have been this peculiarity of surface which suggested the name of Meadford, or the great meadow. In one of the earliest deeds of sale it is written Metford, and in the records of the Massachusetts Colony, 1641, Meadfoard. The Selectmen and Town-clerks often spelled it Meadford ; but, after April, 1715, it has been uniformly written Medford. No reason is given for th
n to consult of our place of sitting down; for Salem, where we landed, pleased us not. And, to that Roxbury; others upon the river Sangus between Salem and Charlestown; and the Western-men four milemer of anno 1628 (9), undertake a journey from Salem, and travelled the woods above twelve miles toilderness, full of timber. This party from Salem, passing through Medford, were the first Europuth, Union, High, Purchase, Cross, Ship, Park, Salem, Fulton, and Forest. It has become a fashioRiver, it must be used by many travellers from Salem, Saugus, Andover, Reading, &c. Woburn was oblirode over it in October, 1789, when he visited Salem. At that time, he came to Medford to see his Sagamore James of Lynn, and Sagamore George of Salem. George finally became Sachem of the Pawtuckell her lands, from Mr. Mayhue's house to neere Salem, to the present Governor, Mr. John Winthrop, skeags owned the territory from North River, in Salem, to Charles River; and their numbers were comp[3 more...]
in the Plymouth and Massachusetts Colonies before the year 1655, without any more formal act of incorporation. Among the oldest are the following: Plymouth, 1620; Salem, 1629 ; Charlestown, 1629; Boston, 1630; Medford or Mystic, 1630; Watertown, 1630; Roxbury, 1630; Dorchester, 1630 ; Cambridge or Newton, 1633; Ipswich, 1634; Concs fully assented to by the general vote of the people and the erection of hands. May 25, 1636: Mr. Bishop, as magistrate, appointed to keep the county court at Salem. 1643: Massachusetts Colony had thirty towns, and was divided into four counties,--Middlesex, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex. 1646: Selectmen were empowered to nance of Mr. Patrick and Mr. Underhill, the sum of £ 50, viz.: out of Charlton, £ 7; Boston, £ 11; Dorchester, £ 7; Rockbury, £ 5; Watertown, £ 11; Meadford, £ 3 ; Salem, £ 3; Wessaguscus, £ 2 ; Nantascett, £ 1. It appears from the records that the inhabitants of Medford did not receive legal notice of their incorporation as
two firearms, which Mr. Poor, some days after, carried to Watertown. Captain Isaac Hall declared, That, the winter before said battle, he went to settle accounts with said Royal, at his house; and that said Royal showed him his arms and accoutrements (which were in very good order), and told him that he determined to stand for his country, &c. Mr. Billings said, That he heard Captain Jenks say, that, a day or two before said battle, Colonel Royal sent for him, and desired him to go to Salem, and procure him a passage to Antigua in a vessel bound there; and that he (said Jenks) would have gone, but the battle prevented him. To this testimony may be added that of Colonel Royal himself. In a letter to Dr. Tufts, dated Kensington, April 12, 1779, he says:-- I doubt not you, and Mr. Hall, and the rest of my friends, will do all in your power to procure me liberty from the General Court to return home as soon as my health will admit of. He vindicated his character against
Certain persons were appointed in Medford as watchers of the Indians and wild beasts. March 9, 1637 :-- All watchers shall come to the public assemblies with their muskets fit for service. Same date:-- No person shall travel above one mile from his dwelling-house without some arms, upon pain of 12d. for every default. In 1637, two hundred men, as warriors, were to be raised in Massachusetts. The following towns furnished numbers in proportion to their population: Boston, 26; Salem, 18; Saugus, 16; Ipswich, 17; Newbury, 8; Roxbury, 10; Hingham, 6; Meadford, 3. May 14: Ordered that there shall be a watch of two a night kept in every plantation till the next General Court. June 2, 1641: Ordered that all the out-towns shall each of them have a barrel of gunpowder. Sept. 15, 1641: On this day began a muster, which lasted two days: twelve hundred soldiers. And though there was plenty of wine and strong beer, yet no man drunk, no oath sworn, no quarrel, no hurt d
autumn of the same year, Mr. Porter married Susanna, daughter of Major Stephen Sewall, Esq., of Salem, and a sister of Stephen Sewall (H. C., 1721), afterwards Chief Justice. Judge Samuel, her uncle, gives the following account of the wedding:-- 1713, Oct. 22: I go to Salem; visit Mrs. Epes, Colonel Hathorne. See Mr. Noyes marry Mr. Aaron Porter and Miss Susan Sewall at my brother's. Was a y were highly esteemed by their uncle, Judge Sewall, who frequently called on them when going to Salem and Newbury. His diary says:-- July 28, 1714: According to my promise, I carried my daughter 1s. Got thither about one. Over the ferry before dark. 5s. for the calash. Mr. Porter went to Salem on Monday, and was not come home, though the sun scarce half an hour high, when came away. Laus seventy-five pounds, New England currency. It was acknowledged before Stephen Sewall, Esq., of Salem, his father-in-law; and on the back is this-note: Sold to Stephen Hall, on the 7th of June, 1739
owle, of Portsmouth. He began business in 1763, at Newport, R. I., in company with Anne Franklin. He left Newport in March, 1768, and opened a printing-office in Salem in April, and commenced the publication of the Essex Gazette, Aug. 2 of that year. In 1772, he admitted his brother Ebenezer as partner in trade; and the firm was Samuel and Ebenezer Hall. They remained in Salem until May, 1775, when they removed to Cambridge, and printed in Stoughton Hall. Their paper was then called New England chronicle and Salem Gazette. Ebenezer was born in Medford, September, 1749, and died in February, 1776, aged twenty-seven. He learned the art of printing from ung man, and promised to be an able editor. After the death of Ebenezer, his brother Samuel removed to Boston, and remained there till 1781, when he returned to Salem, and, on Thursday, Oct. 17, 1781, published the Salem Gazette. The last sheet of this paper which he issued was on Thursday, Nov. 22, 1785. After this, he remove
penter, and served his time with Mr. Enos Briggs, at Salem, where he worked five years. He was fond of being insoon showed good reasons for his predilection. From Salem, he went to Mr. Barker's yard, in Charlestown (the pipLondonSprague & James'sSprague & JamesAugustus NealSalem368 136 BrigSappho Repaired, at an expense equal hipParisSprague & James'sSprague & JamesAugustus NealSalem369 143 BrigLucillaSprague & James'sSprague & JamesDTheodoreSprague & James'sSprague & JamesAugustus NealSalem156 215 ShipAdrianSprague & James'sSprague & JamesWit BostonSprague & James'sSprague & JamesAugustus NealSalem269 274 ShipMiddlesexSprague & James'sFoster & TaylopAustraliaT. Magoun'sHayden & CudworthSilsbee & StoneSalem557 426 ShipManliusT. Magoun'sHayden & CudworthMagou1ShipSyrenSprague & James'sJ. TaylorSilsbee & PickmanSalem1050 450 Stmr.John TaylorSprague & James'sJ. TaylorNused these sloops as passenger-packets to Boston and Salem. So important had become this mode of conveyance fo<
ds; viz., out of Charlton, seven pounds; Boston, eleven pounds; Dorchester, seven pounds; Rocksbury, five pounds; Watertown, eleven pounds; Meadford, three pounds; Salem, three pounds; Wessaguscus, two pounds; Nantascett, one pound. This tax was paid for instructing the colonists in military tactics; an art quite necessary for lls us, that,-- Of a tax of £ 1,500, levied by the General Court in 1637, the proportion paid by Medford was £ 52. 10s.; by Boston, £ 233. 10s.; Ipswich, £ 180; Salem, £ 170. 10s.; Dorchester, £ 140; Charles-town, £ 138; Roxbury, £ 115; Watertown, £ 110; Newton, £ 106; Lynn, £ 105. Mr. Savage says of this time (1637), Properhe Fountain house, next in order of time, was built as early as 1725; and yet stands, a comfortable residence. Being well placed on the great thoroughfare between Salem and Boston, it had extensive patronage. It aimed to be a little superior to other houses. Its sign represented two men shaking hands, who were called palaver
1849.  53Mary, b. Jan. 27, 1769; m. Samuel Gray, of Salem.  54Joanna C., b. May 18, 1772; m. Nathl. Hall, Noilchrist, James, was a shipmaster, out of Boston and Salem, in the China and East India trade. He died June 14n N. H. He published, in 1768, the Essex Gazette, at Salem, whence he removed, in 1775, to Cambridge, where he elphia.  9Porter, John, came from England, 1632; of Salem, 1637; was made freeman, 1646. Had children, who se: John d. Jan. 18, 1703, aged 87; and William was of Salem, 1648, afterwards of Beverly, where he was represent on board the Christian, from London, and settled in Salem, where land was granted him in 1643. His first wife by the governor and company to Captain Endicott, at Salem, 1629, as a cleaver of timber. Part of the town of Salem was early called Ryall's side. He purchased of Gorges, 1643, on east side of Royall's River, in North Yaurner. Jan. 6, 1793.Lydia Tufts, m. John Albree, of Salem. Nov. 10, 1793.Simon Tufts, m. Susanna Hickling Cox