Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Salem (Massachusetts, United States) or search for Salem (Massachusetts, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Anglican Church. (search)
any express renunciation of the authority of the Church of England, the Plymouth people had laid aside its liturgy and rituals. Endicott followed this example at Salem, and had the sympathy of three godly ministers there — Higginson, Skelton, and Bright; also of Smith. a sort of interloper. A church was organized there — the fi) protested, and set up a separate worship. The energetic Endicott promptly arrested the malcontents and sent them to England. Following up the system adopted at Salem, the emigrants, under the charter of 1630, established Nonconformist churches wherever settlements were planted — Charlestown, Watertown, Boston, Dorchester, etc. At Salem the choice of minister and teacher was made as follows: Every fit member wrote in a note the name whom the Lord moved him to think was fit for pastor, and so likewise for teacher. Skelton was chosen for the first office. Higginson for the second. When they accepted, three or four of the gravest members of the church lai<
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Averill, William woods, 1832- (search)
Monroe county, with a loss of over 300 men, three guns, and 700 small-arms. Averill's loss was about 100 men. West Virginia was now nearly free of armed Confederates, and Averill started, in December, with a strong force of Virginia mounted infantry, Pennsylvania cavalry. and Ewing's battery, to destroy railway communications between the armies of Lee in Virginia and Bragg in Tennessee. He crossed the mountains amid ice and snow. and first struck the Virginia and Tennessee Railway at Salem, on the headwaters of the Roanoke River, where he destroved the station-house, rolling-stock, and Confederate supplies. Also, in the course of six hours his troops tore up the track, heated and ruined the rails, burned five bridges, and destroyed several culverts over the space of 15 miles. This raid aroused all the Confederates of the mountain region, and seven separate commands were arranged in a line extending from Staunton to Newport to intercept the raider. He dashed through this line
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bollan, William, 1740-1776 (search)
Bollan, William, 1740-1776 Lawyer; born in England; came to America about 1740, and settled in Boston. He married a daughter of Governor Shirley, of Massachusetts, and was appointed collector of customs at Salem and Marblehead. In 1745 he was sent to England to solicit the reimbursement of more than $800,000 advanced by Massachusetts for the expedition against Cape Breton. He was successful ; and became agent for Massachusetts in 1762, but was dismissed. Being in England in 1769, he obtained copies of thirty-three letters written by Governor Bernard and General Gage, calumniating the colonists, and sent then to Boston. For this act he was denounced in Parliament. He strongly recommended the British government to pursue conciliatory measures towards the colonists in 1775: and in various ways, in person and in writing, he showed his warm friendship for the Americans. Mr. Bollan wrote several political pamphlets relating to American affairs: and in 1774 he presented. as col
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boston, (search)
and the friends of the Americans were abashed. Ministerial anger rose to a high pitch, and Lord North introduced into Parliament (March 14, 1774) a bill providing for the shutting — up of the port of Boston and removing the seat of government to Salem. The measure was popular. Even Barre and Conway gave it their approval, and the Bostonians removed their portraits from Faneuil Hall. Violent language was used in Parliament against the people of Boston. They ought to have their town knocked gan to fortify Boston Neck, for the purpose of defence only, as he declared. The Neck was a narrow isthmus that connected the peninsula of Shawmut, on which Boston stood, with the mainland at Roxbury. He also removed the seat of government from Salem back to Boston. The work of fortifying went slowly on, for British gold could not buy the labor of Boston carpenters, though suffering from the dreadful depression, and workmen had to be procured elsewhere. Workmen and timber shipped at New Yor
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838 (search)
Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838 Mathematician and astronomer; born in Salem, Mass., March 26, 1773; learned the business of a ship-chandler, and then spent nine years on the sea, attaining the rank of master. With great native talent and equal industry, he became one of the greatest men of science of his time. While he was yet on the sea he published (1800) his Practical navigator. He made the first Nathaniel Rowditch. entire translation into English of La Place's Mecanique Celeste, and published it, in 4 volumes, in 1829, with most valuable commentaries, in which were recorded the more recent discoveries in astronomy. It was estimated that there were at that time only two or three persons in America, and not more than twelve in Great Britain, who were able to read the original work critically. La Place added much to his work many years after it was published. Bowditch translated this supplement; and it has been published, as a fifth volume, under the editorial care of Prof
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bradstreet, Simon, -1697 (search)
k. He married Anne, a daughter of Thomas Dudley, and was persuaded to engage in the settlement of Massachusetts. Invested with the office of judge, he arrived at Salem in the summer of 1630. The next year he was among the founders of Cambridge, and was one of the first settlers at Andover. Very active, he was almost continually in public life, and lived at Salem, Ipswich, and Boston. He was secretary, agent, and commissioner of the United Colonies of New England; and in 1662 he was despatched to congratulate Charles II. on his restoration. He was assistant from 1630 to 1679, and deputy-governor from 1673 to 1679. From that time till 1686 (when the chprisoned, he was restored to the office, which he held until the arrival of Governor Phipps, in 1692, with the new charter. His wife, Anne Bradstreet, was a poetess of considerable merit. Her poems were published in London in 1650, and a second edition was published in Boston in 1678. Simon died in Salem, Mass., March 27, 1697.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brewster, Benjamin Harris, 1816-1888 (search)
Brewster, Benjamin Harris, 1816-1888 Lawyer; born in Salem county. N. J.., Oct. 13, 1816; was graduated at Princeton College in 1834, and admitted to the Philadelphia bar in 1838; was appointed Attorney-General of the United States in December, 1881, and conducted the prosecution of the Star Route trials. He died in Philadelphia, Pa., April 4, 1888.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burnet, William, 1688- (search)
harter, granted by King William, and refused to vote a fixed salary. A spirited contest in writing ensued. In one of his communications the governor threatened the colony with the loss of their charter. They remained firm, because, they said, it is the undoubted right of all Englishmen, by Magna Charta, to raise and dispose of money for the public service of their own free accord, without compulsion. At a town meeting in Boston, during the controversy, a unanimous declaration was made that the people of the town were opposed to settling a fixed salary on the governor. That official then adjourned the legislature to Salem, remarking, in his message for that purpose, that the interposition of towns was a needless and officious step, better adapted to the republic of Holland than to a British constitution. The Assembly adhered to their determination, and the governor was compelled to yield. In person he was very commanding; frank in manner, and of ready wit. He died Sept. 7, 1729.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabot, George 1751-1823 (search)
Cabot, George 1751-1823 Statesman; born in Salem, Mass., Dec. 3, 1751; educated at Harvard College; member of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress; also of the State convention which accepted the national Constitution; was a United States Senator in 1791-96; and became the first Secretary of the Navy in 1798. He died in Boston, Mass., April 18, 1823.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Calef, Robert (search)
Calef, Robert Author; place and date of birth uncertain; became a merchant in Boston; and is noted for his controversy with Cotton Mather concerning the witchcraft delusion in New England. Mather had published a work entitled Wonders of the invisible world, and Calef attacked the book, the author, and the subject in a publication entitled More wonders of the invisible world. Calef's book was published in London in 1700, and in Salem the same year. About this time the people and magistrates had come to their senses, persecutions had ceased, and the folly of the belief in witchcraft was broadly apparent. Mather, however, continued to write in favor of it, and to give instances of the doings of witches in their midst. Flashy people, wrote Mather, may burlesque these things, but when hundreds of the most sober people, in a country where they have as much mother-wit certainly as the rest of mankind, know them to be true, nothing but the absurd and froward spirit of Sadducism [dis
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