722 1-2At Falls of Ohio River, Louisville, Ky.
Miami and Erie8,062,6801835274Cincinnati, O., to Toledo, O.
Morris 6,000,0001836103Easton, Pa., to Jersey City, N. J.
Muscle Shoals and Elk River Shoals.3,156,919188916Big Muscle Shoals, Tenn., to Elk River Shoals, Tenn.
Newbern and Beaufort3Clubfoot Creek to Harlow Creek, N C.
Ogeechee 407,818184016Savannah River, Ga., to Ogeechee River, Ga.
Ohio 4,695,2041835317Cleveland, O., to Portsmouth, O.
Oswego5,239,526182838Oswego, N. Y., to Syracuse, N. Y.
Pennsylvania7,731,7501839193Columbia, Northumberland, W1ilkesbarre, Huntingdon, Pa.
Portage Lake and Lake Superior528,892187325From Keweenaw Bay to Lake Superior.
Port Arthur18997Port Arthur, Tex., to Gulf of Mexico.
Santa Fe 70,00188010Waldo, Fla., to Melrose, Fla.
Sault Ste. Marie 4,000,00018953Connects Lakes Superior and Huron at St. Mary's River.
Schuylkill Navigation Co12,461,6001826108Mill Creek, Pa., to Philadelphia, Pa.
Sturgeon Bay and Lake Michigan99,66118811 1-4Between
Jersey City, N. J.206,433163,00343,430
Providence, R. I.175,597132,14643,451
Kansas City, Mo.163,752132,71631,036
St. Paul, Minn.163,065133,15629,909
Rochester, N. Y.162,608133,89628,712
Syracuse, N. Y.108,37488,14320,231
New Haven, Conn.108,02781,29826,729
Paterson, N. J.105,17178,34726,824
Fall River, Mass.104,86374,39830,465
St. Joseph, Mo.102,97952,32450,655
Los Angeles, Cal.102,47950,39552,084
Albany, N. Y.94,15194,923*772
Grand Rapids, Mi
N. Y., 600 buildings, besides steamboats, piers, etc.; 24 acres burned over; loss, $3,000,000Sept. 9, 1848
St. Louis, Mo., 15 blocks of houses and 23 steamboats; loss estimated at $3,000,000May 17, 1849
San Francisco, Cal., nearly 2,500 buildings burned; estimated loss about $3,500,000; many lives lostMay 3-5, 1851
San Francisco, Cal., 500 buildings; estimated loss, $3,000,000June 22, 1851
Congressional Library, Washington, D. C., 35,000 volumes, with works of artDec. 24, 1851
Syracuse, N. Y., 12 acres of ground burned over, about 100 buildings; loss, $1,000,000Nov. 8, 1856
New York Crystal Palace destroyed, with an immense amount of property on exhibitionOct. 5, 1858
Portland, Me., nearly destroyed; 10,000 people rendered homeless; loss, $15,000,000July 4, 1866
Great Chicago fire, burning over about 3 1/2 square miles, destroying 17,450 buildings, killing 200 persons, and rendering 98,500 homeless; loss over $200,000,000. The most destructive fire ever knownOct. 8-9, 187
The second of the five nations that composed the original Iroquois Confederacy (q. v.). Their domain extended from a point east of Utica to Deep Spring, near Manlius, south of Syracuse, in Onondaga county, N. Y. Divided into three clans—the Wolf, Bear, and Turtle—their tribal totem was a stone in a forked stick, and their name meant tribe of the granite rock.
Tradition says that when the great confederacy was formed, Hiawatha said to them: You, Oneidas, a people who recline your bodies against the Everlasting Stone, that cannot be moved, shall be the second nation, because you give wise counsel.
Very soon after the settlement of Canada they became involved in wars with the French and their Huron and Montagnais allies.
In 1653 they joined their neighbors, the Onondagas, in a treaty of peace with the French, and received missionaries from the latter.
At that time they had been so reduced by war with southern tribes that they had only 150 warriors.
In the genera