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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 19 3 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 10 4 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 3. 2 0 Browse Search
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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Literary notices. (search)
an earnest of what future numbers are to be, we can most cordially commend it as a valuable auxiliary, which at the same time pleases and cultivates the taste of our people. The Magazine of American history, edited by John Austin Stevens, Esq., and published by A. S. Barnes & Co., New York, has been for several years one of our most valued exchanges. The December number contains interesting papers on The battle of Buena Vista, The case of Major Andre, The seventy-six stone house at Tappan, Arnold the Traitor and Andre the sufferer — correspondence between Josiah Quincy, Jared Sparks and Colonel Benjamin Tallmadge, and other articles of interest and value. We cannot agree to all that the distinguished editor writes (especially when he gets an opportunity of indulging his partisan bitterness against the South) and may take an early opportunity of expressing our dissent; but the Magazine is admirably edited, beautifully gotten up, and is of great interest to the general reade
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Andre, John, 1751- (search)
ountry. Having held a personal interview with the traitor, he was returning to New York on horseback, when he was arrested, near Tarrytown, conveyed to Tappan, in Rockland county, nearly opposite, tried as a spy, and was condemned and executed, Oct. 2, 1780. In March, 1901. Lord Grey, in examining a lot of family papers that hthe offender, not unmixed with denunciations of the court of inquiry that condemned him, have been abundant, and not always wise or Washington's headquarters at Tappan. just. The court that condemned him saw clearly, by his own confession, that he deserved the fate of a spy; and if they had been swayed by other motives than thoy said, in regard to Catiline, Mercy towards a traitor is an injury to the state. Andre was treated with great consideration by Washington, whose headquarters at Tappan were near the place of his trial. The commander-in-chief supplied the former The captors' medal. with all needed refreshments for his table. Washington did no
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Champe, John 1752-1798 (search)
Champe, John 1752-1798 Patriot; born in Loudon county, Va., in 1752; sent to New York as a spy after the treason of Arnold, at the request of Washington. As it was also rumored that another American officer (supposed to be General Gates) was a traitor, Champ was instructed to discover the second traitor, and, if possible, to take Arnold. He left the American camp at Tappan at night, in the character of a deserter, was pursued, but reached Paulus Hook, where the British vessels were anchored. After he had been examined by Sir Henry Clinton, he was sent to Arnold, who appointed him a sergeant-major in a force which he was recruiting. He found evidence which proved that the suspected general was innocent, and forwarded the same to Washington. He learned also that Arnold was accustomed to walk in his garden every night, and conceived a plan for his capture. With a comrade he was to seize and gag him, and convey him as a drunken soldier to a boat in waiting, which would immedia
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Grey, Charles, Earl 1729- (search)
Grey, Charles, Earl 1729- Military officer; born in England Oct. 23, 1729; was aidede-camp to Wolfe, at Quebec, in 1759; was commissioned lieutenant-colonel in 1761; and, as colonel, accompanied General Howe to Boston in 1775, who gave him the rank of major-general. He led the party that surprised General Wayne in the night. He was an active commander in the battle of Germantown (q. v.) and as a marauder on the New England coast in the fall of 1778. He surprised and cut in pieces Baylor's dragoons at Tappan. For these and other services in America he was made a lieutenant-general in 1783. He became a general in 1795; was elevated to the peerage in 1801; and was the father of the celebrated English statesman of the same name. He died Nov. 14, 1807.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
. 6, 1780 Battle of Camden, S. C.; Gates defeated Aug. 16, 1780 Battles of Musgrove Mills and Fishing Creek, S. C. Aug. 18, 1780 Maj. John Andre, British adjutant-general, meets Benedict Arnold near Stony Point, N. Y. Sept. 21, 1780 Major Andre captured near Tarrytown.Sept. 23, 1780 Arnold escapes to the British vessel Vulture Sept. 24, 1780 Battle of Charlotte, N. C. Sept. 26, 1780 Andre convicted as a spy by military board, Gen. Nathanael Greene, president, Sept. 29, and hung at Tappan, N. Y. Oct. 2, 1780 Congress votes John Paulding, David Williams, and Isaac Van Wart, cap- tors of Andre, its thanks, a silver medal, and a pension of $200 each yearly, for life Oct., 1780 Henry Laurens, minister from United States, seized on his way to Holland by a British frigate, Sept. 3, and imprisoned in the Tower of LondonOct. 6, 1780 Battle of King's Mountain, S. C.Oct. 7, 1780 Congress resolves that western lands to be ceded shall be formed into republican States, and become equ
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Trials. (search)
ldwell, and Patrick Carr.......March 5, 1770 Maj.-Gen. Charles Lee, court-martial after the battle of Monmouth; found guilty of, first, disobedience of orders in not attacking the enemy; second, unnecessary and disorderly retreat; third, disrespect to the commander-in-chief; suspended from command for one year, tried......July 4, 1778 John Hett Smith, for assisting Benedict Arnold, New York, not guilty......1780 Maj. John Andre, adjutant-general, British army, seized as a spy at Tappan, N. Y., Sept. 23, 1780, tried by military court and hanged......Oct. 2, 1780 Stewart, Wright, Porter, Vigol, and Mitchell, Western insurgents, found guilty......1795 William Blount, United States Senate, impeached for misdemeanor......1797 William Cobbett, for libelling the King of Spain and his ambassador, writing as Peter Porcupine in Porcupine's gazette, July 17, before Supreme Court of Pennsylvania; acquitted......1797 Thomas Cooper, of Northumberland, Pa., convicted under the s
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, (search)
up; work directed by Gen. John Newton, U. S. A., from the beginning, 1869......Sept. 24, 1876 Lucius Robinson elected governor over Edwin D. Morgan......November, 1876 Cornelius Vanderbilt dies at New York......Jan. 4, 1877 Rock salt first discovered in the State by Charles B. Everest, 4 miles from Warsaw......June 20, 1878 William Cullen Bryant, born 1794, dies at New York City......1878 Cyrus W. Field erects a monument in memory of Maj. John Andre on the site of his grave at Tappan......1879 Alonzo B. Cornell, Republican, elected governor......1879 New capitol at Albany opened......Feb. 12, 1879 State board of health authorized by law......May 18, 1880 Commission for the protection of game and fish established by law......June 26, 1880 New York and Connecticut joint boundary commission award to New York a small strip 4.68 square miles in area, called the oblong tract ......1880 Population of the State, 5,082,871......1880 New York agricultural expe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washington, William 1752- (search)
Washington, William 1752- Military officer; born in Stafford county, Va., Feb. William Washington. 28, 1752; son of Baily Washington, a kinsman of George Washington; entered the military service early in the Revolutionary War, becoming a captain in the Virginia line under Mercer. He was in Silver medal awarded to William Washington. the battle on Long Island, and was badly wounded at Trenton, but engaged in the battle at Princeton. Lieutenant-colonel of Baylor's dragoons, he was with them when surprised at Tappan. In 1779-80 he was very active in South Carolina, in connection with General Morgan, and for his valor at the Cowpens, Congress gave him thanks and a silver medal. In Greene's famous retreat Colonel Washington was very efficient; so, also, was he at the battles of Hobkirk's Hill and Eutaw Springs. At the latter place he was made prisoner and remained so until the close of the war, when he married and settled in Charleston, where he died, March 6, 1810.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washingtoniana. -1857 (search)
Schuyler House, Pompton, N. J., 1777; the Ring House, at Chad's Ford, on the Brandywine, and the Elmar House, Whitemarsh, 1777; the Potts House, Valley Forge, 1777-78; Freeman's Tavern, Morristown, N. J., 1777-78; the Brinkerhoff House, Fishkill, N. Y., 1778; at Fredericksburg (in Putnam county, N. Y.) 1779; Ford Mansion, Morristown, 1779-80; New Windsor-on-the-Hudson, 1779, 1780, and 1781; Hopper House, Bergen county, N. J., 1780; Birdsall House, Peekskill, N. Y., 1780; De Windt House, at Tappan, 1780; Moore's house, Yorktown, Va., 1781; Hasbrouch House, Newburg, 1782, 1783; Farm-house at Rocky Hill, N. J., near Princeton, 1783; and Fraunce's Tavern, corner of Broad and Pearl streets, New York City, where he parted with his officers, 1783. During his whole military career Washington never received the slightest personal injury. In the desperate battle on the Monongahela, where Braddock was mortally wounded, Washington was the only officer unhurt. To his mother he wrote: I lucki
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Westminster Abbey. (search)
ulation, he said, my intention, and without my knowledge, I was conducted within one of your posts. Surely, he said to Major Tallmadge, you do not consider Hale's case and mine alike. Yes, replied the American major, precisely similar, and similar will be your fate. How much he won the sympathy and affection of his captors by his frankness and courage; how Washington thought him more unfortunate than guilty, and with his own hands closed the shutters of his room from which the gibbet at Tappan was visible; how until the last fatal moment he was kept in merciful ignorance that he was not to die a soldier's death; how bravely he met his miserable fate; how he was buried under the gallows, and a peach-tree planted on the spot; how, forty years later, at the request of the Duke of York, his remains were disinterred and sent to England; how it was found that the peach-tree had twined its roots among his hair; how the funeral service was read over his remains on Nov. 28, 1821, in the ab
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