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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, chapter 2 (search)
the broad river rippled duskily towards Beaufort. The shores were low and wooded, like any New England shore; there were a few gunboats, twenty schooners, and some steamers, among them the famous Planter, which Robert Small, the slave, presented to the nation. The river-banks were soft and graceful, though low, and as we steamed up to Beaufort on the flood-tide this morning, it seemed almost as fair as the smooth and lovely canals which Stedman traversed to meet his negro soldiers in Surinam. The air was cool as at home, yet the foliage seemed green, glimpses of stiff tropical vegetation appeared along the banks, with great clumps of shrubs, whose pale seed-vessels looked like tardy blossoms. Then we saw on a picturesque point an old plantation, with stately magnolia avenue, decaying house, and tiny church amid the woods, reminding me of Virginia; behind it stood a neat encampment of white tents, and there, said my companion, is your future regiment. Three miles farther br
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 12: the negro as a soldier. (search)
th, and in the habit of patience that centuries had fortified. The shrewder men all said substantially the same thing What was the use of insurrection, where everything was. against them? They had no knowledge, no money, no arms, no drill, no organization,--above all, no mutual confidence. It was the tradition among them that all insurrections were always betrayed by somebody. They had no mountain passes to defend like the Maroons of Jamaica, -no impenetrable swamps, like the Maroons of Surinam. Where they had these, even on a small scale, they had used them,--as in certain swamps round Savannah and in the everglades of Florida, where they united with the Indians, and would stand fire-so I was told by General Saxton, who had fought them there — when the Indians would retreat. It always seemed to me that, had I been a slave, my life would have been one long scheme of insurrection. But I learned to respect the patient self-control of those who had waited till the course of eve
blockade. Part Second, So Bull he vent hin the blockade for to bust; The Christians they cried, and the sinners they cussed; There vos blowina, and blusterina, and mighty parade, And hall to get ready to break the blockade. Ven hall hof a sudden it come in the ‘ed Hof a prudent hold covey, who up and ‘e said: “Hit's bad to vant cotton, but worser by far, His the sufferina hand misery you'll make by a war. “There his cotton in Hingy, Peru, and Assam, Guayaquai and Jamaica, Canton, Surinam; ‘Arf a loaf, or ‘arf cotton, tight papers hi call, But a ‘ole var hentire his the devil and hall.” So he sent not ‘is vessel hacross the broad sea, Vich vos hawful ‘ard lines for poor Jefferson D., Hand wrote hunto Doodle, “Old hon, and be true!” And Jonathan hanswered Bull, “Bully for you!” Sequel after-times. Has Bull vos valking in London haround, ‘E found the Times lyina hupon the cold ground, With a big bale hof cotton right hover ‘is side; Says Bull,
panish Main. At St. Thomas we heard that the Sumter had gone into Surinam (Dutch Guayana) on the 20th of August. We hustled three hundred arned by a mail (that day received) that the Sumter had sailed from Surinam on the 31st August for parts unknown. We remained only an hour atat at Demarara, and obtained no news of importance; struck out for Surinam, where we arrived on the morning of the 13th. Here we were informand merchants were very much opposed to giving. The Governor of Surinam ordered the Sumter to leave the port in twenty-four hours, but, aser of war at the time in port. Previous to entering the port of Surinam the Sumter had gone to Cayenne, (French Guayana;) but the Governorkind; in consequence of which the Sumter was obliged to proceed to Surinam under sail. Had vessels been sent in pursuit of her at once after have no cause to congratulate themselves. When the Sumter left Surinam, which she was enabled to do by getting coals from an Englishman,
ha, b. Aug. 10, 1753; m. Thos. Bradshaw, Nov. 26, 1772.  81Abigail, b. Mar. 9, 1757; m. Daniel Tufts. 23-52Dr. Simon Tufts, jun., m., 1st, Lucy Dudley, who d. Nov., 1768, aged 41. He graduated at H. C., 1767. By his first wife, he had--  52-82Simon, b. 1750.  83Lucy, b. Apr. 11, 1752.  84Catharine, b. Apr. 25, 1754.   He m., 2d, Elizabeth Hall, Oct. 5, 1769, and had by her--  85Turell, b. 1770; d. June 9, 1842.  86Cotton, b. 1772; insane; d. Feb. 12, 1835.  87Hall, b. 1775; d. at Surinam, July 19, 1801.  88Hepzibah, b. 1777; m. Benjamin Hall.  89Stephen, b. 1779.   His widow d. Aug. 30, 1830, aged 87. He d. Dec. 31, 1786. 23-54William Tufts m.--------, and had--  54-90Catharine, b. 1754. 23-55COTTON Tufts m.----Smith, sister-in-law of President John Adams; was grad. H. C., 1749, A. A.S.; lived in Weymouth; Pres. of Mass. Medical Ass. about 1776. His funeral sermon, preached by Jacob Norton, is extant. He had an only child,--  55-91Cotton. 23-56Samuel Tu
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discoverers of. (search)
On Aug. 1 the same summer Columbus discovered the continent of South America, near the mouth of the Orinoco River. Americus Vespucius, a Florentine, and an agent of the de Medici family of Florence, was in Spain when the great discovery of Columbus was made. In May, 1499. Vespucius sailed from Spain with Alonzo de Ojeda as an advanturer and self-constituted geographer for the new-found world. They followed the southern track of Columbus in his third voyage, and off the coast of Surinam, South America, they saw the mountains of the continent. That was a year after Columbus first saw the continent of America. On his return, in 1500. Vespucius gave an account of the voyage in a letter to Lorenzo de‘ Medici (for text of letter, see Americus Vespucius). He made other voyages, and in a letter to Rene. Duke of Lorraine, written in 1504, he gave an account of his four voyages, in which he erroneously dated the time of his departure on his first voyage May 29, 1497, or a year or more
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Americus Vespucius, 1451-1512 (search)
t of the Medici family of Florence, and he became personally acquainted with the discoverer. That acquaintance Americus Vespucius. inspired the Florentine with an ardent desire to make a voyage to the newly found continent, and he was gratified when, in 1499, he sailed from Spain with Alonzo de Ojeda as an adventurer and self-constituted geographer of the expedition. Ojeda followed the track of Columbus in his third voyage, and discovered mountains in South America when off the coast of Surinam. He ran up the coast to the mouth of the Orinoco River (where Columbus had discovered the continent the year before), passed along the coast of Venezuela, crossed the Caribbean Sea to Santo Domingo, kidnapped some natives of the Antilles. and returned to Spain in June, 1500, and sold his victims for slaves to Spanish grandees. In May, 1501, Vespucius, then in the service of the King of Portugal, sailed on his second voyage to America, exploring the coast of Brazil. In 1503 he commanded
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ames, Fisher, 1758-1808 (search)
ent a justification for the deed by trivial calculations of commercial profit and loss. This is little worthy of the subject, of this body, or of the nation. If the treaty is bad, it will appear to be so in its mass. Evil, to a fatal extreme, if that be its tendency, requires no proof; it brings it. Extremes speak for themselves and make their own law. What if the direct voyage of American ships to Jamaica, with horses or lumber, might net 1 or 2 per centum more than the present trade to Surinam — would the proof of the fact avail anything in so grave a question as the violation of the public engagements? . . . Why do they complain that the West Indies are not laid open? Why do they lament that any restriction is stipulated on the commerce of the East Indies? Why do they pretend that, if they reject this and insist upon more, more will be accomplished? Let us be explicit — more would not satisfy. If all was granted, would not a treaty of amity with Great Britain still be obn
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), U. S. S. Constitution, or old Ironsides, (search)
of the war. From this time the Constitution was ranked among the seamen as a lucky ship, and she was called Old Ironsides. Gold box presented to Bainbridge by the City of New York. When Bainbridge relinquished the command of the Constitution, in 1813, she was thoroughly repaired and placed in charge of Capt. Charles Stewart. She left Boston Harbor, for a cruise, on Dec. 30, 1813, and for seventeen days did not see a sail. At the beginning of February, 1814, she was on the coast of Surinam, and, on the 14th, captured the British war-schooner Picton, sixteen guns, together with a letter-of-marque which was under her convoy. On her way homeward she chased the British frigate La Pique, thirty-six guns, off Porto Rico, but she escaped under cover of the night. Early on Sunday morning, April 3, when off Cape Ann, she fell in with two heavy British frigates (the Junon and La Nymphe); and she was compelled to seek safety in the harbor of Marblehead. She was in great peril there f
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Franklin, Benjamin 1706-1790 (search)
must have known and remembered it), that these colonies had been planted and established Without any expense to the state. New York is the only colony in the founding of which England can pretend to have been at any expense, and that was only the charge of a small armament to take it from the Dutch, who planted it. But to retain this colony at the peace, another at that time fully as valuable, planted by private countrymen of ours, was given up by the crown to the Dutch in exchange—viz., Surinam, now a wealthy sugar colony in Guiana, and which, but for that cession, might still have remained in our possession. Of late, indeed, Britain has been at some expense in planting two colonies, Georgia and Nova Scotia, but those are not in our confederacy; and the expense she has been at in their name has chiefly been in grants of sums unnecessarily large, by way of salaries to officers sent from England, and in jobs to friends, whereby dependants might be provided for; those excessive gran
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