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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 16 0 Browse Search
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 3 3 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 2 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 11. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
Edward H. Savage, author of Police Recollections; Or Boston by Daylight and Gas-Light ., Boston events: a brief mention and the date of more than 5,000 events that transpired in Boston from 1630 to 1880, covering a period of 250 years, together with other occurrences of interest, arranged in alphabetical order 2 0 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 2 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 8 2 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 0 Browse Search
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 1 1 Browse Search
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865 1 1 Browse Search
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H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia., Chapter 8: our northern frontier defences.—Brief description of the fortifications on the frontier, and an analysis of our northern campaigns. (search)
early part of the summer and placed under the command of General Dearborn, another old officer of the Revolution. Instead of pushing this force rapidly forward upon the strategic line of Lake Champlain, the general was directed to divide it into three parts, and to send one division against the Niagara frontier, a second against Kingston, and a third against Montreal. These orders were dispatched from Washington the 26th of June, nearly a month after Hull had begun his march from Dayton. Dearborn's army, on the first of September, consisted of six thousand five hundred regulars and seven thousand militia--thirteen thousand five hundred in all: six thousand three hundred for the Niagara frontier, two thousand two hundred at Sacketts Harbor, and five thousand for Lake, Champlain. Even with this absurd plan of campaign and faulty division of the forces, we might have succeeded if the general had acted with energy, so exceedingly weak were the Canadian means of defence; but instead of
a. 4 Petersburg Assault, Va. 36 Place unknown 2 Mine Explosion, Va. 6     Present, also, at Pierceville, Ind.; Totopotomoy; Bethesda Church; Pegram Farm; Hatcher's Run; Fort Stedman. notes.--Recruiting for this regiment began in the fall of 1862, and on July 7, 1863, six companies were mustered in. These six companies were immediately ordered to Indiana, where they took an active part in checking the advance of Morgan's Raid, after which they returned to the rendezvous at Dearborn, Mich., where the remaining four companies were soon afterwards recruited. It was ordered to Chicago in August, and placed on guard over the Confederate prisoners at Camp Douglass. It joined the Army of the Potomac in March, 1864, at Annapolis, Md., where it was assigned to Christ's (2d) Brigade, Willcox's (3d) Division. The regiment encountered hard fighting at Spotsylvania, its losses in the action of May 12th amounting to 34 killed, 117 wounded, and 3 missing, Major John Piper being amon
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Beaver Dams, affair at the. (search)
his flank and rear, and kept up a galling fire at every exposed situation. The Americans pushed forward over the Beaver Dam Creek. fighting the dusky foe at a great disadvantage, and made conscious that they were almost surrounded by them. After keeping up this contest, for about three hours, Boerstler determined to abandon the expedition, when he found himself confronted by an unexpected force. Mrs. Laura Secord, a slight and delicate woman, living at Queenstown, became acquainted with Dearborn's plans, and at the time when Boerstler and his forces left Fort George--a hot summer evening — she made a circuitous journey of 19 miles on foot to the quarters of Lieutenant-Colonel Fitzgibbon (who was in command of some regulars at the Beaver Dams) and warned him of his danger. Thus forewarned, he had ordered the Indian ambush, and, displaying his men to the best advantage after Boerstler had crossed the creek, he boldly demanded the surrender of the Americans to Major De Haven, command
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chicago, (search)
the Pottawatomie tongue, wild onion, or a polecat, both of which abounded in that region. Of the skin of the polecat the Indians made tobacco-pouches. The spot was first visited by Marquette, a French Jesuit missionary, in 1673, who encamped there in the winter of 1674-75. The French built a fort there, which is marked on a map, in 1683, Fort Checagou. When Canada was ceded to Great Britain this fort was abandoned. The United States government built a fort there in 1804, and named it Dearborn, in honor of the Secretary of War. It was on the south side of the Chicago River, near its mouth. In the War of 1812-15. This fort was evacuated by its garrison in 1812, when the troops and other white inhabitants there were fallen upon by hostile Indians and many people murdered—Aug. 15. The garrison of the fort was commanded by Capt. N. Heald, assisted by Lieutenant Helm. The young wives of both officers were in the fort. The garrison and the family of Mr. Kinzie, living near by
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), George, Fort, (search)
y the fleet of Chauncey, who, with Dearborn and other naval commanders, went before in the pilot-schooner Lady of the Lake, and selected a landing-place 4 miles east of Fort Niagara. The British force at Fort George and vicinity, under General Vincent, then numbered about 1,800. Besides that fort, they had several works along the Niagara River. The American troops were debarked May 8, and Chauncey sailed for Sackett's Harbor for supplies and reinforcements for the army. He returned to Dearborn's camp, in the Madison, on May 22, and the same evening Commodore Perry arrived there. Arrangements were immediately made for an attack on Fort George. The commodore and Perry reconnoitred the enemy's batteries in the Lady of the Lake. Dearborn was ill, but on the morning of the 27th the troops were conveyed by the squadron to a point a little westward of the mouth of the Niagara, and landed under cover of the guns of the fleet. The advance was led by Col. Winfield Scott, accompanied by
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hull, William 1753-1825 (search)
a, for a provisional armistice, confined to the American troops on the northern frontier and the armies of the British along the opposite and corresponding line. To effect this armistice Sir George's adjutant-general, Edward Baynes, repaired to Dearborn's headquarters at Greenbush, opposite Albany, and there the armistice was signed, Aug. 9, 1812. This armistice was rejected by the government of the United States, and Dearborn was directed to put an end to it immediately. But he continued it the capture of the army of General Hull. Dearborn gave that commander no intimation of the armistice; and it was during its unwarranted continuance for twenty days that the forced surrender of Hull to overwhelming numbers, Aug. 16, took place. Dearborn's excuse for his silence was that he did not consider Hull within the limits of his command. General Hull, on his release at Montreal, on parole, returned to his farm at Newton, Mass., from which he was summoned to appear before a court-marti
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Navy of the United States (search)
tt's Harbor), and the fact that the British were building war vessels at Kingston, made it important that an American squadron should appear on those waters very speedily. The only hope of creating a squadron in time to secure the supremacy of the lake to the Americans was in their ability to convert merchant vessels afloat into warriors. Several of these were already afloat on the lake. To destroy them was a prime object of the British; to save them was a prime object of the Americans. Dearborn's armistice allowed the escape of some of them confined on the St. Lawrence, and at the close of August, 1812, Isaac Chauncey, one of the best practical seamen in the navy, was commissioned commander-in-chief of the navy on Lakes Ontario and Erie. Henry Eckford, a naturalized Scotchman, and an eminent ship-builder, with a competent number of men, hastened to Sackett's Harbor to prepare a squadron. With great facility one was prepared, and on Nov. 8 Chauncey appeared on Lake Ontario with
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Thayer, Sylvanus 1785-1872 (search)
Thayer, Sylvanus 1785-1872 Military officer; born in Braintree, Mass., June 9, 1785; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1807 and at West Point in 1808, entering the corps of engineers. He was chief engineer of Dearborn's army in 1812, and of Hampton's division in 1813. He was chief engineer in the defence of Norfolk, Va., in 1814. In 1815 he was sent with Colonel McRae to Belgium and France to examine the fortifications there; and from 1817 to 1833 he was superintendent at West Point, and established the academy on its present basis. In 1838 he was made lieutenantcolonel, and from 1833 to 1857 was constructing engineer of the defences of Boston Harbor, and temporary chief of the engineer corps from 1857 to 1859. He was commissioned colonel in March, 1863; brevetted brigadier-general in May; and resigned June 1. He died in South Braintree, Mass., Sept. 7, 1872.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), War of 1812, (search)
the War of 1812-15. The defeat of Hull weakened the confidence of the government and the people in an easy conquest of Canada, and immediate steps were taken, when the armistice of Dearborn was ended, to place troops along the northern frontier sufficient to make successful invasion, or prevent one from the other side. Vermont and New York joined, in co-operation with the United States, in placing (September, 1812) 3,000 regulars and 2,000 militia on the borders of Lake Champlain, under Dearborn's immediate command. Another force of militia was stationed at different points along the south bank of the St. Lawrence, their left resting at Sackett's Harbor, at the eastern end of Lake Ontario. A third army was placed along the Niagara frontier, from Fort Niagara to Buffalo, then a small village. This latter force of about 6,000 men, half regulars and volunteers and half militia, were under the immediate command of Maj.-Gen. Stephen Van Rensselaer, a leading Federalist of New York.
points of suspension of the beam and the load. The beam is suspended by one or the other of the hooks; the end hook swings over, so as to be in place for weighing in either case. Beranger (France) makes a steelyard in which the weight traverses along a screw the length of the graduated arm, and parallel to it. The head of the screw is 4 inches in diameter, and divided into 100 parts, which permits the weight to be adjusted to a distance equal to 1/100 part of the pitch of the screw. Dearborn's steelyard (Massachusetts, 1800) has the center of motion, center of gravity, and point of suspension adjustable, so that it vibrates like a scale-beam when unloaded and when loaded in equilibrium- Fig. 5750 is Payne's weighingmachine. The weights are attached to a graduated box, which slides with some friction on the beam. The larger weight is used for the hundred weights and quarters, which are indicated by the graduations on the beam. The smaller weight is employed for determinin
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