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E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 34 0 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 24 0 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Orations, Three orations on the Agrarian law, the four against Catiline, the orations for Rabirius, Murena, Sylla, Archias, Flaccus, Scaurus, etc. (ed. C. D. Yonge) 6 0 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 6 0 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 4 0 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 4 0 Browse Search
C. Valerius Catullus, Carmina (ed. Sir Richard Francis Burton) 2 0 Browse Search
Euripides, Rhesus (ed. Gilbert Murray) 2 0 Browse Search
Epictetus, Works (ed. George Long) 2 0 Browse Search
Q. Horatius Flaccus (Horace), Odes (ed. John Conington) 2 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill). You can also browse the collection for Bithynia (Turkey) or search for Bithynia (Turkey) in all documents.

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E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Family and circumstances. (search)
s able early in his young manhood to go to Rome, and to make that city thenceforth his abiding-place (c. 68.34 ff.). He owned a villa at Sirmio (c. 31), and another on the edge of the Sabine hills (c. 44). And there is no indication that while at Rome he was busy with any pursuit that could fill his purse, although, like many another young Roman, he later obtained a provincial appointment, and went to Bithynia on the staff of the governor Memmius in the hope of wealth (cf. § 29 ff.). The hope, he tells us (cc. 10, 28), proved abortive, but Catullus had yet money enough -- perhaps even to purchase a yacht for his homeward journey like any millionaire (cf. § 35 and introductory note to c. 4) - at any rate to continue his merry life at Rome, apparently without great pecuniary embarrassment. All these indicati
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Journey to Bithynia. (search)
Journey to Bithynia. 29. But the first date in the life of Catullus that can be definitely fixed by tinal rupture with Lesbia (cf. § 24). He went to Bithynia (cc. 10.7; 31.5; 46.4) on the staff of that might lead him to look with desire upon a journey to Bithynia. In the first place, it offered him an opportunity to vis B.C., and therefore in all probability ruled over Bithynia in 57-56 B.C., though this fact cannot be substantiated from other sources. Of the journey of Catullus to Bithynia and of his stay there we have no record up to the period of his ap there. What were the other occupations of his life in Bithynia we cannot tell. No poems remain, at any rate, to mark blished cannot be determined. 32. Life in Bithynia was surely unsatisfactory from a financial point of view.
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Later years. Relations with Caesar. (search)
of bitter poems (cc. 16, 21, 23, 26), though for Juventius he had only sorrowful remonstrance (cc. 24, 81). 38. Yet all this experience appears to have touched him in no wise deeply. It was but a passing diversion, and his jealousy not the bitter passion felt against his rivals with Lesbia. With far more earnestness did he throw himself into the political quarrel of his time. The year of his return from Bithynia (56 B.C.) had witnessed the so-called renewal of the triumvirate at Luca, and Caesar appeared to have won everything. In accordance with the agreement made at the Luca conference, Pompey and Crassus were consuls a second time for the year 55, and the senatorial party was at its wits' end. Catullus was apparently not an active political worker, but he did not hesitate to join his political friends in personal attacks up
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Friends and foes. (search)
certain Piso, a provincial governor. They returned to Rome apparently not long after the time of the return of Catullus himself from Bithynia (56 B.C.; cf. § 31 ff.). 69. If, then, there be such a connection as indicated between cc. 9 and 13, the abseveral years; for the reference to Lesbia in c. 13.11 clearly antedates the break of Catullus with her, and that occurred before his journey to Bithynia. But it is not incredible that two friends so intimately connected as Veranius and Fabullus should have been together on more than one ctions of Piso were held up to undeserved obloquy. 71. The service of Catullus on the staff of C. Memmius, governor of Bithynia, has already been discussed (§ 29 ff.). Concerning Memmius himself we may add further that neither his political nor his personal
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Poem 4 (search)
A dedicatory inscription. — On the return of Catullus from Bithynia in 56 B.C. (see Intr. 33ff.) to his dearly loved home at Sirmio, he suspended as a votive offering in a shrine on his own property a model of the yacht that had brought him safely through his perils by sea, and this poem is in the form of a dedicatory inscription appended thereto. It is needless, not to say impossible, to suppose, as some have done, that the actual yacht was brought up the Po and the Mincio, or by an overland route, and beached in the Lago di Garda, but the votive model is spoken of as if the experiences of its prototype were its own. (For a strong presentation of a different interpretation of the poem cf. C. L. Smith, Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, vol. 3, p. 75.) Two other poems, Catul. 46.1 and Catul. 31.1, speak respectively of the beginning and end of the homeward journey. A
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Poem 10 (search)
was shown up wben attempting to put on airs about his supposed wealth acquired in Bithynia, whitber he went in 57 B.C. in the retinue of the governor Memmius (see Intr. 29fluence of the province upon the purse of Catullus. quid esset iam Bithynia: what sort of a place Bithynia is nowadays. Cf. Hor. Ep. 1.11.7 scisBithynia is nowadays. Cf. Hor. Ep. 1.11.7 scis Lebedus quid sit ; Gell. 4.1.12 hoc enim quis homo sit ostendere est, non, quid homo sit dicere. iam: not that the q natum: if Catullus means that the custom of riding in a litter originated in Bithynia, he tells us what we learn from no other source, —for the grammarian Probus, in one. hic: i.e. in Rome now. illic: i.e. in Bithynia then. grabati: (Gr. kra/bbatos) a Macedonian word for a be
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Poem 14 (search)
cimens of some poetasters. On the personality of Calvus cf. Intr. 60. The allusion in Catul. 14.3 suggests that the poem was not written till after the great speech of Calvus against Vatinius, recorded in 53. It cannot, therefore, be assigned to an earlier date than the year 58 B.C., and probably was written on the Saturnalia of 56 B.C. (cf. introductory note to Catul. 53.1). On the Saturnalia of the year 57, Catullus was apparently in Bithynia, and on that of 55, quite possibly in Verona, while this poem appears to have been written in or near Rome.—Meter, Phalaecean. ni te: cf. the opening verses of the address of Maecenas to, Horace quoted by Suet. Vit. Hor.: ni te visceribus meis, Horati, plus iam diligo, etc. plus oculis: cf. Catul. 3.5n. iucundissime: in about the same sense as carissime; Calvus is addressed as iu
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Poem 25 (search)
ne drawings (in Plin. NH 35.56), and as tablets were commonly made of box ( Prop. 4.23.8 vulgari buxo sordida cera fuit ), a Bithynian wood (cf. Catul. 4.13n.), it is quite possible that the objects referred to here were pugillares, carved or otherwise decorated on the outside, and so more valuable and tempting to a thief than was the ordinary kind. Perhaps they were a memento of the journey of Catullus himself to Bithynia. It would not be strange for the poet to bring his tablets to some dinner parties (Catul. 50.1ff.). Thynos: cf. Catul. 31.5n. inepte, stupid, in expecting te be able to escape detection while flaunting his spoils openly: by the same word Asinius is addressed in Catul. 12.4, but with a slightly different application. reglutina: as if whatever was touched by a thief
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Poem 29 (search)
he question in this verse touches upon the fitness of giving such gifts; that in the next verse upon Mamurra's fitness to receive them. cf. Catul. 41.4; Catul. 43.5.. praeda Pontica: probably not that brought back by Pompey in 62 B.C. from the conquest of Mithradates, but that from the capture of Mitylene in 79 B.C., when Caesar was an officer in the army of the governor of Pontus and Bithynia. Thus early was the patrimony of Mamurra already squandered, and thus early, when gains were but small, did Caesar begin to lavish wealth upon him. Hibera: sc. praeda; when Caesar, in 61-60 B.C., governed Further Spain as propraetor. scit: is witness to; cf. Verg. A. 11.258 scelerum poenas expendimus omnes; … scit triste Minervae sidus ; Ov. Met. 12.439
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Poem 31 (search)
m is a most unartificial and joyous pouring out of the poet's warmth of feeling at reaching Sirmio after his year of absence with Memmius in Bithynia (v. 5), and forms a perfect conclusion to Catul. 46.1ff., while it is itself supplemented by the quieter reminiscent strains of Catul. 4.1ff. With b caput Arcti. Thyniam: the Thyni, a people from Thrace, are said to have settled that portion of Bithynia which lay close to the Thracian Bosphorus and was sometimes said to be divided from Bithynia proper by the river Psilis; but the two nameBithynia proper by the river Psilis; but the two names, long before the time of Catullus, had ceased to express any actual distinction. liquisse: for reliquisse, as not infrequently in Catullus (cf. e.g. Catul. 46.4); but in Catul. 35.3 and elsewhere relinquere occurs. quid est beatius: cf. Catul. 9.
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