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Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley) 4 0 Browse Search
Apollodorus, Library and Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer) 2 0 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 2 0 Browse Search
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Apollodorus, Library (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book 3 (search)
icular of his journey to India, was probably suggested by a simple observation of the wide geographical diffusion of the vine. Wherever the plant was cultivated and wine made from the grapes, there it would be supposed that the vine-god must have tarried, dispensing the boon or the bane of his gifts to mortals. There seems to be some reason to think that the original home of the vine was in the regions to the south of the Black Sea, the Caucasus, and the Caspian Sea, where the plant still grows wild “with the luxuriant wildness of a tropical creeper, clinging to tall trees and producing abundant fruit without pruning or cultivation.” See A. de Candolle, Origin of Cultivated Plants (London, 1884), pp. 191ff. Compare A. Engler, in Victor Hehn, Kulturpflanzen und Hausthiere in ihrem Ubergang aus Asien (Berlin, 1902), pp. 85ff. But these regions are precisely those which Dionysus was supposed to
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley), Book 1, chapter 202 (search)
eir way of life. The AraxesThe Araxes of this chapter appears to be, from the description of its course, the modern Aras. But the Araxes of Hdt. 1.205, separating Cyrus' kingdom from the Massagetae, must be either the Oxus (jihon) or Jaxartes (Sihon), both of which now flow into the Aral Sea. For a full discussion of the question the reader is referred to Essay IX. in the Appendix to Book I. of Rawlinson's Herodotus. flows from the country of the Matieni (as does the Gyndes, which Cyrus divided into the three hundred and sixty channels) and empties itself through forty mouths, of which all except one issue into bogs and swamps, where men are said to live whose food is raw fish, and their customary dress sealskins. The one remaining stream of the Araxes flows in a clear channel into the Caspian sea.This is a sea by itself, not joined to the other sea. For that on which the Greeks sail, and the sea beyond the pillars of Heracles, which they call Atlantic, and the Red Sea, are all one:
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley), Book 4, chapter 40 (search)
So much for the parts of Asia west of the Persians. But what is beyond the Persians, and Medes, and Saspires, and Colchians, east and toward the rising sun, this is bounded on the one hand by the Red Sea, and to the north by the Caspian Sea and the Araxes river, which flows toward the sun's rising. As far as India, Asia is an inhabited land; but thereafter, all to the east is desolation, nor can anyone say what kind of land is there.
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Poem 11 (search)
longe resonante: far-echoing. Eoa unda: i.e. the all-encircling ocean-stream at the extreme East; cf. Ov. Fast. 6.474 vigil Eois lucifer exit aquis ; Tib. 4.2.20 proximus Eois Indus aquis ; Verg. G. 2.122 quos Oceano propior gerit India lucos. Hyrcanos: a people dwelling by the southern end of the Caspian Sea (Mare Hyrcanum), joined by Vergil with the Arabians and Indians as distant enemies of Rome; cf. Verg. A. 7.605 [sive bellum] Hircanis Arabisve parant seu tendere ad Indos. Arabas molles: so called from their proverbial riches and luxury; cf. Verg. G. 1.57 molles sua tura Sabaci [mittunt] ; Tib. 2.2.3 urantur odores qusi tener mittit A