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Flavius Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews (ed. William Whiston, A.M.) 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Verrazzano, Giovanni da 1508- (search)
the sea in all places, were noted in a little book, which may prove serviceable to navigators; they are communicated to your Majesty in the hope of promoting science. My intention in this voyage was to reach Cathay, on the extreme coast of Asia, expecting, however, to find in the newly discovered land some such an obstacle, as they have proved to be, yet I did not doubt that I should penetrate by some passage to the eastern ocean. It was the opinion of the ancients, that our oriental Indian ocean is one and without any interposing land; Aristotle supports it by arguments founded on various probabilities; but it is contrary to that of the moderns and shown to be erroneous by experience; the country which has been discovered, and which was unknown to the ancients, is another world compared with that before known, being manifestly larger than our Europe, together with Africa and perhaps Asia, if we rightly estimate its extent, as shall now he briefly explained to your Majesty. The S
and descending to the cabin, I bathed, and dressed for breakfast, whilst the boarding-officer was boarding the prize. She proved to be the Alert, of, and from New London, and bound, by the way of the Azores, and Cape de Verde Islands, to the Indian Ocean. She was only sixteen days from port, with files of late newspapers; and besides her own ample outfit for a large crew, and a long voyage, she had on board supplies for the group known as the Navigators' Islands, in the South Indian Ocean, whSouth Indian Ocean, where among icebergs and storms, the Yankees had a whaling and sealing station. This capture proved to be a very opportune one, as we were in want of just such a lot of clothing, for the men, as we found on board the prize; and the choice beef, and pork, nicely put up ship-bread, boxes of soap, and tobacco, and numerous other articles of seaman's supplies did not come amiss. We had been particularly short of a supply of tobacco, this being a costly article in England, and I could see Jack's eye
Chapter 48: The Alabama on the Indian Ocean the passengers questioned, and contracted with the Agulhas current the brave West winds a theory the Islevents described in the last chapter, the Alabama was well launched upon the Indian Ocean. She had run the Cape of Good Hope out of sight, and was still hieing off bulhas current. If the reader will inspect a map, he will find that the North Indian Ocean is bounded wholly by tropical countries—Hindostan, Beloochistan, and Arabher bending sharply to the south-east, and forming the Gulf Stream of the South Indian Ocean, in which the Alabama is at present. What it is, that gives this latter h of from sixty to seventy-five fathoms.] In high southern latitudes, in the Indian Ocean, the storm-fiend seems to hold high carnival all the year round. He is cons we were doing in its dominions. These birds live in the midst of the great Indian Ocean, thousands of miles away from any land—only making periodical visits to som
advertised our presence in this passage, it was useless to remain in it longer. Ships approaching it would take the alarm, and seek some other outlet into the Indian Ocean. Most of the ships coming down the China Sea, with a view of passing out at the Strait of Sunda, come through the Gaspar Strait. I resolved now to steam in sland called the North Watcher, looking, indeed, as its name implied, like a lone sentinel posted on the wayside. We had lost the beautiful blue waters of the Indian Ocean, with its almost unfathomable depths, and entered upon a sea whose waters were of a whitish green, with an average depth of no more than about twenty fathoms. merica just forty days old! Here was a proof of the British enterprise of which we have just been speaking. The Atlantic, the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and a part of the China Sea, are traversed by British steam and sail, and the Alabama shakes out the folds of a newspaper from the land of her enemy, at an ou
ry, and Spends a night the Chinese in possession of all the business of the place Alabama leaves Singapore capture of the Martaban, Alias Texan Star Alabama touches at Malacca capture of the Highlander and Sonora Alabama once more in the Indian Ocean. It turned out as I had conjectured in the last chapter. The Wyoming had been at Singapore on the 1st of December. She had gone thence to the Rhio Strait, where a Dutch settlement had given her a ball, which she had reciprocated. Whilst uled were lying just inside of the light-ship, at the western entrance of the Strait of Malacca, and it was only pleasant lake or river sailing to Singapore. Having fired the ships, we steamed out past the lightship, and were once more in the Indian Ocean. We found on board one of the prizes a copy of the Singapore Times, of the 9th of December, 1863, from which I give the following extract. At the date of the paper, we were at Pulo Condore, and the Yankee ships were still flocking into Singa
East—those periodical winds that blow for one half of the year from one point of the compass, and then change, and blow the other half of the year from the opposite point. It is these monsoons that work out the problem we have in hand; and it is the Great Deserts alluded to that produce the monsoons. On the succeeding page will be found a diagram, which will assist us in the conception of this beautiful operation of nature. It consists of an outline sketch of so much of Asia and the Indian Ocean as are material to our purpose. The Great Deserts, the Himalayas and the Ghauts, are marked on the sketch. Let the dotted line at the bottom of the sketch represent the equator, and the arrows the direction of the winds. Hindostan being in the northern tropic, the north-east monsoon or trade-wind, represented by the arrow A, would prevail there all the year round, but for the local causes of which I am about to speak. The reader will observe that this wind, coming from a high northern
tations printed thereon. A punch-mark indicates the station of destination (14 in the illustration). The strap holds the parts of the case together, being rove through the loops. h has a dial-plate and pointers, which indicate the station of departure and destination. i is a metallic disk with radial slots and corresponding numbers. The strap is so rove through the slots as to give the required indication. Bag′ga-la. (Nautical.) A two-masted Arabian vessel, frequenting the Indian Ocean. A dhow. The capacity is from 200 to 250 tons. Bag′ging. (Fabric.) 1. A coarse fabric made of old ropes, hemp, etc., for covering cotton-bales. 2. The gunny-cloth of India is made from jute. In Bengal, from one or two species of Corchorus; in Bombay and Madras, from the Crotalaria juncea. Bag-hold′er. A contrivance to hold up a bag with the mouth open ready for filling. There are many forms, — some adapted for large grain-bags, others of a smaller size for flour,
th of the ordinary surface of the water in the Dead Sea is 1,388 feet below the Mediterranean waterlevel, and the depth of water in the deepest part of the Dead Sea is 1,350 feet; showing the total depth of this great depression to be 2,738 feet below the Mediterranean level. The land adjacent to the sea, however, is a table-land 3,000 feet above the Mediterranean, so that the whole depth of this great natural gorge is about 6,000 feet. The gorge is continued through the Red Sea into the Indian Ocean, but a ridge 113 feet above the Red Sea separates the waters of the Gulf of Akabah from those of the Salt Lake. The fissure, with the exception stated, may thus be said to extend from Mount Hermon to Akabah, 350 miles, and thence to the Straits of Babelmandeb, 1,200 miles farther. The water of the Red Sea has a few feet elevation above that of the Mediterranean, which would make a water-fall of 1,400 feet depth if the water-shed at the north end of the Gulf of Akabah were to be cut th
was reserved for Vasco da Gama to first pass beyond the region of storms which surrounds the Cape and enter upon the waters, usually more placid, of the great Indian Ocean. Humboldt says: I have shown elsewhere how a knowledge of the period at which Vespucci was named Piloto Mayor would alone be sufficient to refute the than their own weight. Worthy Arabian; we have here a description of a magneto-electric needle used in the Levant; a magnetized floating needle used in the Indian Ocean; and a correct statement of the Archimedean discovery of specific gravities. This was written about the time of Roger Bacon, 250 years before Da Vinci, 350 yediness to the needle. Vasco da Gama, who circumnavigated Africa, doubling the Cape of Good Hope, November 20, 1497, testifies his surprise at meeting in the Indian Ocean seven small Arab vessels provided with the compass, quadrants, sea-charts, and other instruments, equal to the Portuguese. We do not wonder, for the China sea
the bottom of the sea, and one cannot get at them by any other means, except by diving to the bottom. — ATHENAeUS; Epit., B. I. 22. He also quotes Homer as saying, — An active man is he, and dives with ease (Iliad, XVI. 745), in reference to a man who gathered them fast enough to keep several persons supplied. Epicharmus, in the Marriage of Hebe, says: — Bring oysters with closed shells, Which are very difficult to open, but very easy to eat. The pearl-oyster of the Indian Ocean is mentioned by Theophrastus and Athenaeus, who speak of it as a precious stone resembling a large fish's eye, and that expensive necklaces are made of them for the Persians, Medes, and all Asiatics. Theophrastus says: — They are engendered in the flesh of the oyster, just as measles are in pork. The oysters of Britain were highly esteemed by the epicures of the Roman Empire. Oys′ter-knife. A strongly stocked and thickbladed knife which is thrust between the shells of th
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