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William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 5: Don Mariano. (search)
s. In punishment for his sin, he has been badly used by the United States. Wishing to see the capital of California built on his estate, he founded a new city on San Pablo Bay, which he called Vallejo, and offered not only to give the State his finest sites, but to defray the cost of building a court-house and laying out a public square. These offers were accepted by the State; yet after he had spent three hundred thousand dollars on public works in Vallejo, the capital was removed to Sacramento, and Don hMariano was left a ruined man. Since then he has been swimming up a stream, in which the floods are high and swift. No Mexican of note, he says to me in one of our drives, has been able to keep his lands. My case is hard, but not so hard as that of others; twenty years hence no Spanish don will be a citizen of the United States, You mean the Spaniards will retire? They will remove to Mexico, where they may hope to keep their own. Don Mariano's lands have slipped fro
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 13: the Jesuits. (search)
the Catholic fold. But things are changed. Though Catholic feeling still runs high, and some old ladies use big words, nobody dreams of asking an American suitor to renounce his creed in order to obtain a woman's hand. An upper class now reigns in Monterey county, over which the priests and Jesuits have no control. Young ladies look for English mates, aware that English husbands will draw them to another Church. In other counties, Rome is weaker than she is in Monterey. Stockton and Sacramento are as strictly Evangelical as Pittsburg and Cincinnati. Oakland and San Francisco rival Brooklyn and New York. Even Santa Clara has ceased to be a Catholic town. Where Rome was lately all in all, she shows to-day no more than a broken sceptre and a scattered power. At most the Roman Church retains a foothold in a section of the country here and there. These sections lie exposed, and she is still without a native army to repel attack. Her posts are garrisoned by foreign troops. He